Presentation on theme: "“Letter From Birmingham Jail”"— Presentation transcript:
1“Letter From Birmingham Jail” Martin Luther King, Jr.
2Biography Born 1929 to minister in Atlanta, Georgia “Letter From Birmingham Jail”Born 1929 to minister in Atlanta, GeorgiaAttended Morehouse College, Crozer Theological Seminary, and obtained a Ph.D. from Boston UniversityMarried Coretta Scott and had four childrenBecame pastor in 1954Led black boycott against segregated bus linesOrganized Southern Christian Leadership Conference1964 received Nobel Peace Prize
3Historical Context“Letter From Birmingham Jail”Racial segregation was wide spread and the South was a place of great racial tension. King along with others were in non-violent battle to stop the segregation.
4Main Points All communities in America are related. “Letter From Birmingham Jail”All communities in America are related.“Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.”Four basic steps to nonviolent campaign:Collection of the facts to determine whether injustice existNegotiationSelf-purificationDirect action
5Main Points“Letter From Birmingham Jail”Nonviolent protests draw attention to what has previously been ignored.Those with power and privilege don’t give up voluntarily; waiting for the right time never comes.“We have waited for more than 340 years for our constitutional and God-given rights. The nations of Asia and Africa are moving with jetlike speed toward gaining political independence, but we still creep at horse and buggy pace toward gaining a cup of coffee at a lunch counter.”
6Main Points“Letter From Birmingham Jail”Individuals have the moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws.Unjust laws are those who the majority compels the minority to obey but does not make it binding on themselves.Two types of forces in the Negro communityThe complacent which are the ones who have adjusted to segregation.The other are those filled with bitterness and hatred who would advocate violence.
7Main Points“Letter From Birmingham Jail”“The Negro has many pent-up resentments and latent frustrations, and he must release them. So let him march;”The churches are not standing up to the moral responsibility.
8Historical Significance Racial inequality is still today embedded in our social setting.
9QuestionIf the Negro community had waited as many suggested would they have received the rights they now have without some type of protests?