4Why Turkish workers migrated? Turkish people saw the opportunities in GermanyTurkey was relatively poor, little social services , job opportunities.They worked in Construction (building), Car manufacturing, Manufacturing electrical goodsThey mainly moved in the 1970’s
7Who moved?The Germans needed manual labourers – people to do jobs they did not want to doIt was mostly young skilled men (aged 20 – 40) who movedThey lived in hostels and sent money back to their families at homeSometimes the family would join the workers in Germany
8Effects on Germany Economic Money was leaving the country as Turks sent home (between – $900 million was sent home)The Germans needed the Turks after the war but recessions in the 70’s and early 90’s led to high unemployment. This cost the country a lot in benefits etc
9Effects on Germany Political The government had to make stricter immigration controlsPeoples worry about immigration led to the growth of Right wing and racist groups (e.g neo Nazis)
12Effects on Germany Social Racist groups started hate attacks on immigrantsThe Turkish workers (gastabeiter) cannot become German citizens and therefore do not have equal rights. Even if they have lived for 20yrs in Germany they are still seen as outsiders.
13Effects on Turkey Less unemployment in Turkey Money sent home from Germany = more than what Turks normally earn at home = good for Turkish economyMany males leaving = broken families,Less workers in Turkey especially in farmingMost able = leave for Germany; only the bad workers stay!Less men will causes problems in Turkey
14Facts and figuresIn 2000 the number of foreigners in Germany was 7.3 million which was 8.9% of the total population2 million of these came from Turkey!This includes 750,000 turkish who were born in Germany!Another ½ million Turks have become German citizens since 1972