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127 LC CATALOGING UPDATE AJL Convention Seattle, Washington, July 6, 2010 Lenore Bell Joan Biella Benjamin Fryser

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Presentation on theme: "127 LC CATALOGING UPDATE AJL Convention Seattle, Washington, July 6, 2010 Lenore Bell Joan Biella Benjamin Fryser"— Presentation transcript:


2 127 LC CATALOGING UPDATE AJL Convention Seattle, Washington, July 6, 2010 Lenore Bell Joan Biella Benjamin Fryser Marina Korenberg Ela Pelish Galina Teverovsky Aaron Taub with the assistance of Roger Kohn Israel & Judaica Section, Asian & Middle East Division (Pt. 2)

3 128 Relations of Faiths Part of an ongoing effort by PSD to normalize subject heading practices across religions Existing practice for relations of between faiths BuddhismRelationsJudaism JudaismRelationsBuddhism but Christianity and other religionsBuddhism BuddhismRelationsChristianity

4 129 Relations of Faiths Problems: –Christian bias –Asymmetry in assignment pattern contributed to inconsistent application practices –Incorrect application of geographic subdivision –Ambiguity of term relations in religious context –Construction not in natural language may not be understood by users

5 130 Relations of Faiths Covered by SHM H1185, pattern heading for Religions Use on a free-floating basis $x Relations $x Relations $x Christianity, [Islam, etc.] Multiple subdivision allows Relations to be further subdivided by any religion without establishing editorially in LCSH Exception: Pattern does not include Christianity or Christian denominations and sects. For variant Christian phrase headings and subdivisions used under Christianity, see the subject authority file

6 131 Relations of Faiths PSD and LC religion catalogers considered but opted NOT to adopt: –For general relations Buddhism and other faiths (May subd geog) BT Interfaith relations – For relations with another faith Buddhist-Christian interfaith relations UF Christian-Buddhist interfaith relations BT Buddhism BT Christianity BT Interfaith relations

7 132 Relations of Faiths Revised practice, to appear in weekly list: –Cancel: Christianity and other religions –Replaced by: Christianity--Relations –Cancel: Christianity and other religions[Religion or denomination] –Replaced by: ChristianityRelations[Religion or denomination] Geographic aspects continue to be brought out with the addition of reciprocal headings for [Religion][Place] PSD: Topic merits further discussion

8 133 Scopus, Mount

9 134 Scopus, Mount (sh )

10 135 Scopus, Mount (sh )

11 136 Cooking and Cookbooks Discussion papers on modernizing the treatment of cooking and cookbooks Cancel Cookery Establish Cookbooks as a topical heading (…works about collections of recipes) Establish Cookbooks as a genre/form heading (for collections of recipes) Establish Cooking (…works about all types of food preparation, including preparation of those foods that do not necessarily need to be heated) SHM H 1475 Cooking and Cookbooks is posted at:

12 137 Cooking and Cookbooks Cancel: Jewish cookery Cookery in Jewish law Hanukkah cookery Passover cookery Rosh ha Shanah cookery Sephardic cookery Cookery, Israeli Use: Jewish cooking Cooking (Jewish law) Hanukkah cooking Passover cooking Rosh ha Shanah cooking Sephardic cooking Cooking, Israeli

13 138 Rosh ha-Shanah cooking

14 139 Cooking and Cookbooks Assign Cookbooks as a genre/form heading…both to general collections of cooking recipes and to collections focused on specific ingredients, special diets, etc. Do not subdivide g/f heading by place (assign additional topical headings instead) Title: Monday to Friday cookbook. 650 #0 $a Cooking $z United States. 655 #0 $a Cookbooks.

15 140 Cooking and Cookbooks For cooking involving a specific ingredient, PSD has retained basic structure of such headings, but replaced the term Cookery with Cooking and adopted a new standard reference pattern, e.g., Cancel: Cookery (Asparagus) Use: Cooking (Asparagus) UF Asparagus--Use in cooking UF Cooking with asparagus

16 141 Comparative Literature Old scope note on Literature, Comparative (sh ): Subdivided by nationality of literatures compared, with duplicate entry, e.g., 1. Literature, Comparative--English and German. 2. Literature, Comparative--German and English. Query: LC has applied language and other qualifiers, without establishing these strings editorially, e.g., a Literature, Comparative x Provençal and Hebrew a Literature, Comparative x Hebrew and Provençal Are we to interpret "nationality of literatures" broadly to include various types of language qualifiers?

17 142 Revised scope note to allow subdivision by language New multiple subdivision: a Comparative literature x English and Latin, [Dravidian and English, Hindi and Gujarati, etc.] (sh ) Revised heading to the natural-language, Comparative literature

18 143 Pre- vs. Post-Coordination in LCSH Pre-coordination: Combining of elements into one heading in anticipation of a search on that heading Post-coordination: Assignment of elements to separate headings, in anticipation of a user combining them, usually through keyword searching PSDs Progress on the Recommendations made in Library of Congress Subject Headings: Pre- vs. Post- Coordination and Related Issues (May 2010)

19 144 Genre/Form Headings Genre/form for moving images and radio programs were formally implemented in 2009; other projects are under way

20 145 Topical Headings Coded MARC field 150 in authority records Assigned in 650 in bibs, with appropriate subdivisions (although application of some form & topical subdivisions may be reconsidered)

21 146 Genre/form headings describe what an item is, not what it is about Coded MARC field 155 in authority record Assigned in 655 field in bibliographic records, with 2nd indicator of 0 and only $a is used (current LC practice, but implementation of 2nd indicator 7 is planned)

22 147 LC genre/form headings often combine the two aspects in one heading Genre: Categories of works that are characterized by similar plots, themes, settings, situations, and characters Form: A characteristic of works with a particular format and/or purpose 155 ## $a Horror films Genre Form

23 148 Genre/Form Authority Records Topical Genre/Form Establishing topical and g/f headings with identical strings is preferred & allows for one-stop searching

24 149 Subject Browse: Results Include Topical & Genre/Form Headings 149

25 150 Genre/Form Headings G/F headings may not be subdivided topically, geographically, chronologically, or by form (LC) Genre/form headings cannot be used as topical headings, but must be proposed separately to establish them as such Other libraries may apply a topical heading (150) as a G/F heading, provided the scope note defines it for use for works of a given type –e.g. Constitutions (sh ), Here are entered collections of constitutions or texts… For disciplines not yet covered, proposals may be made for topical headings (150), to be assigned as G/F in local catalog: –655 #7 $a [heading]. $2 [local]

26 151 Apply form subdivisions ($v) to topical headings, even if g/f headings are assigned to the same record; the use of some form subdivisions is being reconsidered 151

27 152 Guidelines in the Subject Headings Manual –H 1913 Moving Image Genre/Form Headings –H Music Form/Genre Headings: Medium of Performance –H Radio Genre/Form Headings Genre/Form Headings are available: –LC Authorities –MARC Distribution Service –LCSH (Big Red Books), in a special section –Class Web (updated weekly) Genre/Form Headings

28 153 Genre/Form and MARC PSDs intent is to develop a genre/form thesaurus distinct from LCSH However, to date, g/f authority records have been assigned MARC 21 coding as if they are part of LCSH –With 2nd indicator 0 in bib records, as in LCSH –Assigned LCCNs with the same sh prefix as in LCSH –Published in Supplementary Vocabularies vol. of LCSH –Instruction sheets appear in SHM PSD now plans to separate formally g/f terms from LCSH, in MARC records and printed products

29 154 Genre/Form and MARC New title for LCs g/f thesaurus: Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT) Thesaurus has been assigned a MARC source code lcgft Authority records for g/f terms will be coded: 008/11: z (Other) 040$f: lcgft In bib records, g/f terms will be coded: $a [Term]. $2 lcgft LCCNs for g/f terms will have new prefix gf A separate manual will be developed for g/f guidelines (instructions will remain in SHM until it is produced)

30 155 Hierarchies of Moving Image G/F Headings LC implemented the use of moving image g/f headings in Jan Discussion paper, Proposed Revision to the Hierarchies of Moving Image Genre/Form Headings, proposed explicitly placing headings into either a fiction or a nonfiction hierarchy No consensus from respondents Proposal not implemented at this time Continued investigation into making fiction/non- fiction distinction decision.pdf decision.pdf

31 156 Genre/Form for Video Recordings May 2009 proposal for the disposition of existing topical video recording headings: Nov. 2009, PSD determined that topical headings (tag 150) denoting a genre or form of video recording should be cancelled in favor of the correlated film headings, e.g., Cancel: Biographical videos; Use: Biographical films For exceptions & details:

32 157 G/F Headings for Cartographic Materials Library of Congress to Modify Structure of Form Subdivisions used for Cartographic Materials (Nov. 2009): Simplifying form subdivisions by removing the adjective (e.g. –Maps, Comparative would be revised to –Maps), and using the g/f headings to identify the genre or form of Congress to Modify Structure of Form Subdivisions used for Cartographic Materials Library of Congress to Approve Genre/Form Headings for Cartographic Materials (Apr. 2010) of Congress to Approve Genre/Form Headings for Cartographic Materials In May 2010, ca. 60 cartographic g/f headings were approved, and efforts are underway to change the structure of form subdivisions ($v) The new system will not be implemented until all of the elements are in place, no earlier than August 1

33 158 Genre/Form Subject Authority Proposal Form

34 159 Genre/Form for Jewish Law

35 160 Genre/Form for Jewish Law JTS and LC proposals are to be considered further by AJL Cataloging Committee Issues: G/F terms that … –Are coextensive with uniform titles were not recommended for inclusion e.g., "Mishnayot" –Do not represent specifically Jewish law genres/forms, but rather were translations of "generic" terms, were not recommended for inclusion, e.g., "Harsha'ot" could be covered by "Permits," if proposed and approved –Do not represent exclusively legal genres/forms: Do they belong in the law, religion, or both lists? e.g., "Tannaitic literature"

36 161 Genre/Form for Jewish Law –Have corresponding LCSH terms: Must terminology must be normalized? e.g., "Takkanot" and "Legislation (Jewish law)" –Are too specific were not recommended for inclusion: Add as upward UFs to broader headings? e.g., "Peturim Terms already in Genre/Form Terms for Law Materials (AALL) –Codes (Jewish law) –Responsa (Jewish law) –Takkanot? – cation/genreterms/genreformterms200910finaldraft.pdf (not latest)

37 162 New Classification Numbers

38 163 New Classification Numbers: Jewish Ethics/Judaism BJ1286.G73 Gratitude BM175.S83 Subbotniki BM538.E38 Eating disorders BM670.S43 She-lo aśani ishah. שלא עשני אשה BM729.H34 Hair BM729.N38 Natural disasters BM729.P7 Proselytes and proselyting. Jewish converts BM645.R44 Religious tolerance. Toleration BM729.T65 Transgenderism

39 164 New Classification Numbers: Rabbinical Literature BM496.9.A55 Animals, Mythical BM496.9.B38 Biography BM496.9.D44 Death BM496.9.E35 Egypt BM496.9.M28 Mate selection BM496.9.R37 Raphael (Archangel)

40 165 New Classification Numbers: Bible BS680.A37 Agriculture BS580.L43 Leah (Biblical figure) BS1199.A36 Alcoholism in the Old Testament BS 1199.G36 Gender Identity in the Old Testament BS1199.L66 Love BS1199.M25 Man-woman relationships BS1199.S76 Strangers Z7772.C37 Esther (Book of the Bible) in Subject Bibliography

41 166 New Classification Numbers in CJ CJ5793.J4 Jews (Numismatics. Medals and Medallions. Special Subjects A-Z)

42 167 New Class Numbers in DS History of Asia Israel (Palestine).The JewsRegions, towns, etc.

43 168 New Classification Numbers in DS DS109.8.S36Mount Scopus DS110.B297Bat Shelomoh DS110.B395Bet Yerah, Tel DS110.K397Kefar Pines

44 169 New Class Number in DS History of Asia. Israel (Palestine)The JewsSpecial TopicsJewish DiasporaBy region or country A-Z DS135.M95 Mozambique

45 170 IRAQ WAR New range for Iraq War: DS DS to address the volume and variety of published works (formerly classed in DS79.76-DS79.769) Limited space for expansion in the schedule resulted in the need to repurpose some numbers and to consider reclassification of some materials

46 171 New Classification Numbers: Miscellaneous HF J49 Jews (Consumers) KBM717 Mortgage. Hypotheca TX739.2.R67 Rosh ha-Shanah (Cooking) Personal bibliography Z Fleischer, E. (Ezra), Z Fondane, Benjamin,

47 172 New Classification Numbers: Language and Literature PJ5012.G47 Gesture (in Hebrew literary history & criticism) PJ5012.Z55 Zionism (in Hebrew literary history & criticism) PN H63 Holocaust, Jewish ( ) (in radio broadcasts) PN Z56 Zionism (in motion pictures) PR478.P33 Palestine (in English literary history 20th century)

48 173 Judeo-Persian Syriac

49 174 Judeo-Arabic; Judeo-Persian and Persian in Cyrillic (Tajik) Script These documents were published the Cataloging Service Bulletin no. 123 and to the CC:AAM last year. We revised them in accordance with comments we received, and they were reviewed at ALA last week. The new Judeo-Arabic table >>has been accepted<<, and will soon be posted with the other ALA/LC romanization tables online. CC:AAM is still seeking reviewers for the Persian in non-Arabic script documents; well keep you informed on the progress of these tables.

50 175 To see the Judeo-Persian documents or the Judeo-Arabic romanization table in its new form, please go to the AJL RAS Wiki at: Arabic%20LC%20Draft.pdf Scroll down to Cataloging and click on the appropriate links.

51 176 Site Still Under Construction Syriac…

52 177 PROCEDURAL GUIDELINES FOR PROPOSED NEW OR REVISED ROMANIZATION TABLES (Draft) These guidelines apply to the creation of new tables and the revision of existing tables. Principle/Goals: The ALA/LC Romanization Tables should be transliteration schemes rather than replicating pronunciation. Pronunciation is variable around the world. Another goal of this principle is to enable machine-transliteration whenever possible and preferably reversible transliteration ….

53 178 … Choose a Latin script equivalent for a non-Latin letter, not necessarily based on pronunciation of the letter, but so as to maximize clarity and minimize confusion with the transliteration of other letters. The resulting Latin script equivalents should allow for the reversal of romanization as systematically as possible, without the application of special algorithms or contextual tests. …

54 179 The draft will be posted on the Cataloging and Acquisitions Web site ( with a request for comments usually within 90 days of the posting; the draft table will be published in Cataloging Service Bulletin with a request for comments within 90 days; the draft will be sent to identified stakeholders with the same 90 days request for comments; the availability of the draft will be noted in a posting to various electronic lists according to the language.

55 180 more new romanizations!! האלפים

56 181

57 182 More about France … Tsa-refat, Tsa-refati

58 183 But now … Tsarfat, Tsarfati

59 184 And what about … ברסלב ?

60 185 בְּרֶסְלֶב has to be Breslev but … ברסלב could be Braslav, Braslev, Breslav, Breslev

61 186 Shall we have a vote on the standard romanization of ברסלב ? We could hold it via the Heb-NACO listserv.

62 187 Romanization of Names for Multilingual Collections Romanization of the forename is based on: The language of the text with which the name is associated. Romanization of the surname is based on: A. The language of the text with which the name is associated. B. The orthography of the surname.

63 188 Romanization of Names

64 189 Romanization of Names

65 190 Romanization of Names

66 191 Romanization of Names

67 192

68 193 RDA Toolkit Coming June 2010 The resource to help you navigate from AACR2 to RDAthe new, unified standard for resource description and access. RDA Toolkit highlights: RDA instructions that are searchable and browseable AACR2 Rule Number Search of RDA instructions Workflows, mappings, examples: tools to customize the RDA instruction set to support organizational training and processes Two views of RDA contentby table of contents and by RDA element set What you need to evaluate and implement RDA; to make cataloging decisions based on principles; to increase efficiency; to facilitate collaboration; and to help position the community for the future by making bibliographic data accessible on the Web Full text of AACR2 with links to RDA

69 194 The Toolkit went live on Wednesday, June 23, The Great RDA Test is beginning. From July through September, trainees will practice cataloging with RDA, using books from their regular workflows. So YOU may see a few RDA Hebrew records from LC.

70 195 An RDA tester:


72 197 How to recognize RDA test records: Ldr/18 will have the value i for ISBD punctuation The 040 will have b eng and e rda Each record will have at least one of each of these: 336 field (content type: 2 rdacontent) 337 field (media type: 2 rdamedia) 338 field (carrier type: 2 rdacarrier) >>There will be no RDA authority work<< >>before October, 2010<<

73 198 EDGAR ALLAN POE Favorite Short Stories The Gold Bug Murders in the Rue Morgue The Pit and the Pendulum Edited by Radnor Oglethorpe and Hyacinth Wackenroder Baltimore, Maryland Mystery House Publishing Company 2009 an RDA example

74 Poe, Edgar Allan, , author Short stories. Selections Favorite Short Stories / EDGAR ALLAN POE ; edited by Radnor Oglethorpe and Hyacinth Wackenroder. 260 Baltimore, Maryland : Mystery House Publishing Company, pages : illustrations ; 24 cm The Gold Bug – Murders in the Rue Morgue – The Pit and the Pendulum Oglethorpe, Radnor, editor Wackenroder, Hyacinth Laurelia, editor Poe, Edgar Allan. Gold bug Poe, Edgar Allan. Murders in the Rue Morgue Poe, Edgar Allan. Pit and the pendulum. Lots of options included

75 Poe, Edgar Allan, , author Short stories. Selections Favorite Short Stories / EDGAR ALLAN POE ; edited by Radnor Oglethorpe and Hyacinth Wackenroder. 260 Baltimore, Maryland : Mystery House Publishing Company, pages : illustrations ; 24 cm The Gold Bug – Murders in the Rue Morgue – The Pit and the Pendulum Oglethorpe, Radnor, editor Wackenroder, Hyacinth Laurelia, editor Poe, Edgar Allan. Gold bug Poe, Edgar Allan. Murders in the Rue Morgue Poe, Edgar Allan. Pit and the pendulum. Optional features italicized in red

76 201 Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records

77 202 item 1 The only thing you can ever >>SEE<< is an item!

78 203 item 2 or some other itemwhich may be the exemplification of some other embodiment!

79 204 item 3 Arthur Rackham, original illustration for the 1908 Heinemann edition of A Midsummer Nights Dream Ill met by moonlight, proud Titania!

80 205 item 4 Original sculpture of Shakespeares Puck, by Brenda Putnam, 1932 Now located on the grounds of the Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington

81 206 manifestation 1 A specific edition of the work, with a specific title, publisher, date, and illustrator. You can make a bibliographic record that stands for the whole embodiment or manifestation but this you cant see …

82 207 manifestation 2 And you cant see this Hebrew one either …

83 208 expression 1

84 209 expression 1 You cant see an expression either. The 400s here represent various embodiments (i.e. manifestations) of the abstract English realization (i.e. expression) of Shakespeares work

85 210

86 211 expression 2 This 400 is an embodiment (i.e. manifestation) of the Hebrew realization (i.e. expression) of Shakespeares work, which is equally abstract

87 212

88 213 I dont think a record for a work would have a 670 at all work

89 214 Shakespeare Midsummer nights dream English Shakespeare Midsummer nights dream Hebrew Shakespeare Midsummer nights dream Hebrew/ Karmi64Hebrew/ Oz87 English/Rackham77 Hebrew/Da idovits42 English/First Folio23 English/Lambs Tales11 WORK ITEM EXPRESSIONS MANIFESTATIONS painting08sculpture32

90 215 LCRI Attributes for personal names

91 216 In RDA things are not so tight:

92 217

93 218 Geronimo Stilton Snoopy Miss Piggy Fictitious Entities Relationships

94 219 Socks (Cat) and also Real Non-Human Entities …

95 220 AACR2: RDA: Access

96 221 O.T. and N.T. If RDA is adopted these will always be spelled out: Old Testament and New Testament and they wont be interposed between Bible and Book of the Bible not Bible. O.T. Genesis but Bible. Genesis Internationality

97 222 Webcasts: Resource Description and Access Cataloging Principles and RDA FRBR: Things You Should Know, But Were Afraid to Ask RDA Changes from AACR2 for Texts many, many test-related documents at: Including: RDA testing and the PCC

98 223 FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SUBJECT AUTHORITY DATA (FRSAD) IFLA Working Group on the Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Records (FRSAR) submitted the final version of the FRSAD report in May Addresses subject authority data issues and investigates uses of subject authority data by a wide range of users Builds on the FRBR conceptual models Group 3 Entities, i.e., subjects of works: concept, object, event, and place, as well as on the limited aspects of subject data covered by the Working Group on Functional Requirements and Numbering of Authority Records (FRANAR) in its report, Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD)


100 225 CATALOGERS DESKTOP 3.0 ENHANCEMENTS Fuzzy matching Search relevancy Search history Query federation Personal searching Customizable interface & display of resources Intuitive structure Drag & drop icons





105 230 CATALOGERS DESKTOP: QUICK FILTERS More info at,, including Quick Tasks tutorial

106 231 CLASSIFICATION WEB ENHANCEMENTS : Name Authorities, Expanded Correlations

107 232

108 233

109 234 Approved Marked-Up Subject List

110 235 Approved Marked-Up Subject List Shows changes made to the tentative subject list at the LC editorial meeting Access to amended lists may serve as guide to those doing subject analysis and making proposals Posted weekly

111 236 Subject Cataloging Manual (SCM) D Memos PSDs efforts to update or eliminate unnecessary sections of policy documentation are now focusing on SCM: General Cataloging (D Memos) Many became obsolete since implementation of ILS and the ABA reorganization Some were replaced by DCMs; others are valid, but require revision Will be incorporated into the new Subject Headings Manual (H Memos) or the Classification & Shelflisting Manual (F & G Memos)

112 237 SCM D Memos: New GAC Practice For example, D 155 Geographic Area Codes (043) will move to SHM Appendix E –Current LC practice: Limit addition of no more than 3 GACs to any record –Proposed revision: Assign as many GACS as needed to reflect subject assignment; if a work deals with a large number of places, consider assigning broader GAC

113 238 SCM D Memos: Contents Codes LC did not apply newer and certain older MARC codes for the nature of contents (fixed field 008/24-27) To eliminate confusing exceptions from procedural guidelines, PSD has authorized assignment of all codes, including: –Codes already authorized (a,b,c,d,e,f,g,i,k,l,m,n,o,p,q,r,s,t,w) –Codes established after the issuing of SCM D 145 j - Patent document u - Standards/specifications z - Treaties 2 - Offprints 5 - Calendars 6 - Comics/graphic novels –Codes previously prohibited per SCM D 145 v - Legal cases and case notes y - Yearbooks No plans to add missing codes to bib records retrospectively D 145 guidelines will be moved to SHM Appendices

114 239 LC ALA Update Update on initiatives undertaken at the Library of Congress since the ALA Midwinter Meeting in Jan

115 240 Feature Presentation: The Assyrian Connection Written and directed by Peter Kearney Videography by Henry Lefkowitz Featuring: Joan Biella, Aaron Taub, Gail Shirazi, Lenore Bell, Roger Kohn, Galina Teverovsky, Marina Korenberg, Benjamin Fryser, Carolyn Sturtevant, Peter Kearney, and the LC Core-Us Costume & Props: Joan Biella Continuity: Edie Creeger Audio: Lilya Pekarskaya

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