Presentation on theme: "Before Giving Care List four conditions that must be present for disease transmission to occur Identify two ways in which pathogen can enter the body."— Presentation transcript:
1Before Giving CareList four conditions that must be present for disease transmission to occurIdentify two ways in which pathogen can enter the bodyDescribe how to minimize the risk of disease transmission when blood is visibleDescribe the difference between expressed consent and implied consentDescribe the purpose of Good Samaritan lawsList six situations in which moving a victim is necessaryList limitations you should be aware of before you attempt to move someoneDescribe how to perform emergency moves
2Preventing Disease Transmission Infectious diseases are those that can spread from a person, insect or object that have been in contact with the diseaseResulting from contact with a pathogenMost common pathogens are virus and bacteriaBacteria are everywhereDivide rapidly under ideal conditionsMany cause homeostatic imbalancesTreated with antibioticsPenicillin, erythromycin, tetracycline
3Preventing Disease Transmission Unlike Bacteria, Viruses need a host to surviveCause many diseasesHard to treat (some have no treatment/cure)Once contracted, some live indefinitely in the bodyLessen the impact of the symptoms they causeDennisKunkel.com
4How Bloodborne Pathogens are Spread All four conditions must be met:A pathogen is presentThere is a sufficient number of pathogen presentThe pathogen passes through the correct entry siteA person is susceptible to the pathogenFigure 3-1
5How Bloodborne Pathogens are Spread Direct contactInfected blood or body fluids from one person enter another person at the correct entry siteTouch, splash, laceration, punctureIndirect contactTouching an object that has been infected with a pathogen that then enter through an enter siteHepatitis B virus, Hepatitis C virus, HIVHighest risk is unprotected direct or indirect contact with infected blood
6Standard PrecautionsSafety measures to prevent infection from blood and body fluidsAlways consider body fluids and substance as infectiousInclude:Personal hygieneFrequent hand washingPage 31 for proper hand washing technique
7Standard Precautions Personal Protective Equipment Cleaning up Disposable, single use glovesRemove rings, jewelry, etc before putting on glovesCover any cuts and scrapes prior to contactWear masks or dust shields to reduce infection from fluids that may splashWhat if no PPE is available?Cleaning upUse gloves, clean up immediately, use absorbent/ single use paper towels, wipe up with 1part bleach/9 parts water
8Legal Considerations Obtaining consent… If conscious, a victim has the right to refuse or accept care.Identify who you are, level of training, and what care you would like to giveReferred to a expressed consentIf unconscious, consent is impliedAssume that care can be givenAlso used when parents can’t be found for consent
9Legal Considerations Good Samaritan Laws Give legal protection to people who willing provide are to an injured person without accepting anything in returnActs as a reasonable and prudent personDoesn’t exceed the scope of individual’s trainingVary from state to stateIf you begin care, you need to continue care until someone takes over, or ????May be subject to abandonment if you stop
10Reaching and Moving Victims Check, Call, Care firstMove the victim only when you can do so safely if there is immediate dangerFirePresence of toxic gasRisk of drowningRisk of explosionCollapsing structureUncontrollable traffic hazards
11Reaching and Moving Victims Consider limitations to moving a victimDangerous conditions at the sceneSize of the victimYour physical abilityWhether others can help you or notThe victims conditionGuidelines to follow (page 36)When attempting to reach a victim, remember your safety is the most important consideration
12Emergency MovesObjective is to move a person to safety without injuring yourself or further injuring the victimWalk AssistOne or two rescuersConscious victimArm is placed across your shoulders and held in place with the outside handOther arm is wrapped behind the victimNot appropriate if you suspect head, neck, or back injury
13Emergency Moves Pack-Strap carry Single rescuer (two required if victim is unconscious)Back to victim, victims arms over shoulder so rescuers shoulders are under victims armpitsCross arms in front of you, lean forward, stand up and walk to safetyNot appropriate to use if head, neck, or back injury is suspected
14Emergency Moves Two-person seat carry Requires two responders Responders face each other and interlock armsLower arms go behind thighs and upper arms go under victims shouldersVictim puts his/her arms over responders shouldersUsed for a conscious victim not seriously injured
15Emergency Moves Clothes Drag Used on a conscious or unconscious victim suspected of a head, neck, or back injuryGrasp clothing behind the shouldersSupport the head and neck with the forearmsPull the victim to safety
16Emergency Moves Blanket Drag Use with one responder for a conscious or unconscious person suspected of having a head, neck or spinal injury when equipment is limited.Roll the person as a unit onto their side, place blanket, then gently roll them backGather blanket above the head and pull to safety.
17Emergency Moves Ankle Drag Use with one responder when a person is too large to carry or move in any other way.It is not appropriate to do if you suspect that the person has a head, neck or spinal injury.
18Summary Top priority is to ensure your own safety Make sure scene is safeWear protective materialGet consent from a conscious victimMove a victim only when necessary and it would not harm you or further harm the victimThink before you care!