Presentation on theme: "Airworthiness Requirements"— Presentation transcript:
1 Airworthiness Requirements Light Sport AircraftAirworthiness RequirementsSAAA Authorised Persons Familiarisation trainingSouthport Queensland23 September 2006Uncontrolled Document
2 What is an LSANew category of aircraft (does not replace any other existing category)Existing registered aircraft are NOT applicableProduction or kit built (no 51% rule)MTOW 600 kg (650 kg for sea planes)Max 2 personSingle engine – Non turbineCertificated by the manufacturerContinuing airworthiness controlled by the manufacturer
3 LSA Project History FAA issues NPRM 31 January 2002 CASA initiates LSA Project October 2002CASA NPRM issued June27 responses receivedOverall positive response to the proposalFAA LSA aircraft rule commences SeptASTM standards not available until March 2005
4 LSA Project HistoryLSA Project Team conducted a Safety Risk Analysis of the draft regulationsAdvisory Circulars published for comment on CASA website July 2005AC LSA CERTIFICATE OF AIRWORTHINESSAC LSA MANUFACTURER’S REQUIREMENTS
5 LSA Project History Amendments to CASRs made 15 December 2005 LSA aircraft eligible to operate under VH registrationAmendments to CAO made 3 January 2006LSA aircraft eligible to operate under the sports organisations (RAA, HGFA, ASRA)
6 Light Sport Aircraft Airworthiness Project Team CASA staffIndustry representationSports organisationsManufacturersOther specialists,Authorised Persons, Reg 35 engineers.
7 Light Sport Aircraft Definition MTOW 600Kg650Kg for seaplanesLighter-than-air gross weight of 560kg2 personUnpressurised cabinStall speed 45 knots VsoSingle engine non-turbineFixed undercarriageExcept glider may have retractableAmphibian may have repositionable landing gearIf glider Vne of 135 CAS
8 Variation with FAA definition Stall speedVS0 45 knots (CASR)Stall speed with flapsVS1 45 knots (FAA)Stall speed in clean configurationNever exceed speed Vne for glider120 knots (FAA)135 knots (CASR)PropellerFixed pitch or ground adjustable (FAA)No requirements (CASR)Lighter-than-air560 kg (CASR)300 kg (FAA)
9 Light Sport Aircraft Categories Fixed WingWeight ShiftPowered ParachutesGyroplanesGlidersLighter-Than-Air
10 What is not an LSA Hang gliders Para gliders Multi-engine aircraft HelicoptersComplex aircraftRetractable undercarriagesTurbine engine
11 Benefits of LSA Purchase costs reduced. Improves the entry process for LSA.Potential export markets.Estimated USA market will be 6,500 aircraft in next 5 years and 800 a year after that.Enables Australian manufacturers to have access to USA LSA market.CASA’s minimal involvement.More staff available for higher priority work.Regulatory responsibilities and requirements transferred to the manufacturer.
12 Responsibilities Manufacturer responsible for Certification Shows compliance with LSA standardsContinuing airworthiness.Approval of major repairs/modificationsAssessment of defectsIssue of Service DirectivesIssue of Service Bulletins etcDatabase of aircraft owners
13 Responsibilities CASA responsible for approving LSA standards Participate with industry in periodically reviewing LSA standardsOverseeing authorised persons who issue certificates of airworthinessRegistration of aircraft if CASA registered.Impose conditions or directions, if necessary, in the interests of safety.
14 Responsibilities Authorised Persons responsible for Verifying manufacturer’s statement of complianceEnsuring operating instructions, maintenance manuals etc are availableInspecting the aircraft is in a condition for safe operationIssuing a special certificate of airworthiness.
15 ResponsibilitiesOperator of a Production LSA is responsible for ensuringThe maintenance and inspections are in accordance with the manufacturer’s requirements.All major repairs, modifications and maintenance are approved by the manufacturerThe aircraft is operated in accordance with the manufacturer’s operating instructions
16 ResponsibilitiesOperator of a Production LSA is responsible for ensuring (cont’d)All manufacturer’s service directives are carried outThe aircraft has a warning placard and passengers are informed of the warningApplicable equipment ADs (if any) are complied with.RAA aircraft exempt from ADs (covered by technical manual)
18 CASR Part 21 AmendmentEnable qualified LSA manufacturers to certify aircraft complies with LSA standardsdesign, quality assurance, production testing and continuing airworthiness.
19 CASR Part 21 AmendmentEnable CASA or an Authorised Person (AP) to issue a special airworthiness certificate for production LSA.Enable CASA or an AP to issue an experimental certificate for kit built LSAMust be produced by a manufacturer of production aircraft.Cannot produce a one off kit built aircraftThere is no 51% rule for kit LSA
20 Qualified Manufacturer Has a current production certificate for an aircraft ; orHas made a written declaration indicatingContracted an experienced engineer in light aircraft designSuitable facility and toolsTrained, experienced and skilled staff
21 LSA Standards Consist of ASTM consensus standards (approved by FAA) design,quality assurance,production acceptance test andcontinued operational safety systemOther acceptable design standardsJAR VLA, BCARS etc
22 ASTM standardsFAA asked ASTM to facilitate consensus standards for LSACommittee of manufacturers, aviation sports bodies and regulators.Each aircraft category responsible for developing their own standardsSo far 27 standards have been issuedListed in Advisory Circular 21-42
23 LSA Certificate of Airworthiness Two types of CertificateSpecial Certificate of Airworthiness for LSAProduction AircraftExperimental Certificate for LSAKit built aircraftProduction aircraft that do not comply with Continuing AW requirements
24 Production LSA Special C of A is issued if: Aircraft manufactured by a qualified LSA manufacturerApplicant gives CASA or APStatement of compliance signed by the manufacturerAircraft operating instructions, maintenance and inspection procedures and flight training supplement issued by the manufacturerThese are returned to the applicantIf manufactured overseasAircraft manufactured in a Contracting State and is eligible for a C of ACASA or AP finds the aircraft in a condition for safe operation
25 Statement of Compliance Aircraft make, model, serial number and date of manufactureAircraft complies with LSA standards forDesignManufactureProduction acceptance testingContinuing airworthinessMake available operating instructions, maintenance and inspection manual and flight training manualAircraft is manufactured by a qualified manufacturer
27 Conditions for Special C of A for LSA The special C of A LSA stops being in forceIf a major modification/repair is not authorisedby the manufacturer orby a person appointed by CASA if the manufacturer no longer existsIf the aircraft does not comply with the LSA standards
28 ModificationsASTM Maintenance Standard, F , defines any repair, alteration or maintenance for which instructions to complete the task are excluded from the maintenance manual(s) supplied to the consumer are considered major.Major repairs, alterations etc must be approved by the manufacturer.This includes CAR 35 modifications.
29 Experimental LSAExperimental Certificate under CASR (j) - Kit built aircraftManufacturer’s statement of complianceAssembly instruction from the manufacturer.Operating instructions, aircraft maintenance and inspection procedures and flight training supplementThe same make and model as a production aircraftMust satisfy the LSA definition
30 Experimental LSA Experimental Certificate under CASR 21.191(k) These production aircraft that no longer satisfy the LSA requirement applicable for Special C of ANot complied with Manufacturer’s CAW requirements, orNot complied with safety directives orHas unauthorised modificationsMust still satisfy the LSA definition
31 Airworthiness Directives In general, CASA will not issue ADs for LSA models.Some specific ADs may still be applicable to VH registered aircraftAeronautical productsType certificate engines and propellersEquipment such as transponders, flight instruments, radio and navigational
32 CAO amendmentsAmendments to CAO 95 series have been issued to allow the sport organisations to operateProduction LSA andKit LSA.These requirements mirror the LSA requirements in CASR Part 21
33 Operating limitations Experimental/kit LSA CategoryNo change to current Experimental kit limitationsProduction aircraftPrivate operationsFlight trainingGlider towingHire
34 Operating limitations - Production LSA Must not operate unlessMaintenance has been carried out IAW manufacturer’s requirementsMaintenance CAO exempts certain requirements in the regulation for VH aircraft only.Aircraft inspected every 12 monthsIf undergoing flight training, hire etc every 100 hoursAll major mods/repairs authorised by the manufacturerPlacard warning is displayed and each passenger is informed of the warning
35 Operating limitations - Production LSA Unless approved by the manufacturer the aircraft must not be operated contrary tothe operating instructionsSafety Direction issued by the manufacturerThis has the same affect as an AD
36 Operating limitations - Production LSA CASA may impose additional operating limitations in the interests of safetyCASA must give this to each registered operator of the aircraft
37 Operating limitations - Production aircraft In the case that a manufacturer no longer existsMajor modifications/repairs, safety directives, maintenance and inspection procedures can be issued by a person appointed by CASA.If no person is appointed by CASA, these aircraft will have to operate under an experimental certificate
38 Process for operating an LSA under RAA Purchase a Light Sport AircraftProductionKitMake sure the manufacturer/distributor suppliesA Statement of Compliance signed by the manufacturerOperating ManualMaintenance manualFlight test supplement
39 Process for operating an LSA under RAA Register the Aircraft with RAAFill out an application for a C of AContact an Authorised person to issue the CofAAuthorised person will need to ensure it complies with the LSA requirements and is in a safe condition for operation.If it is a kit the AP also needs to ensure that a production aircraft of the same make and model has been issued with a special C of A.The AP issues a C of AGo fly the aircraft