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1 Overview of The Australian University System This slide show is animated - wait for the green arrow to appear and click your mouse to advance to the next slide. Scrolling the thumbwheel on your mouse will speed up the animation

2 2 Australia’s earliest universities were founded before Australia became a federation in 1901 Four of Australia’s oldest universities (Universities of Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Tasmania) were the product of their colonial governments The remaining two establishment universities (Universities of Queensland and Western Australia) were formed shortly after federation – under state legislation In 1911 there were only 3,000 students enrolled in Australian universities – approximately 0.1% of the population Early Australian Universities

3 University of Sydney University of Melbourne University of Adelaide University of Tasmania University of Queensland University of Western Australia Early Australian Universities

4 In the late 1940s, Australia’s university student numbers had grown to 32,000 By the late 1950s, the student numbers had reached 50,000 As a result of a review that exposed chronic under-funding, the Federal Government had to step in and provide additional funding to universities from the late 1950s By the late 1960s, the Federal Government rationalised tertiary education into a two-tier (binary) system composed of: –Universities –Colleges of Advanced Education including Institutes of Technology Post-War Expansion

5 In the early 1970s, the Federal Government abolished all fees for universities and CAEs and took over full funding control of Australia’s universities Most Australian universities were enacted under state legislation but subsequently funded by the Federal Government - leading to confusing lines of accountability The only post-war exception to this anomaly was the Australian National University, enacted under federal legislation in 1946 The post-war expansion of the Australian tertiary sector led to the establishment of 14 new universities Post-War Expansion

6 University of NSW Monash University University of Newcastle La Trobe University Australian National University Flinders University Post-War Expansion of System University of New England Macquarie University James Cook Univeristy Griffith University Murdoch University Deakin University University of Wollongong Curtin University

7 In the late 1980s the Federal Education Minister (John Dawkins) abolished the binary system of universities and colleges of advanced education The binary system was replaced with a unified national system, and former colleges of advanced education and institutes of technology were relabelled as universities This led to a near doubling of the number of institutions in Australia that were labelled as universities Dawkins Reforms

8 University of Western Sydney Australian Catholic University Queensland University of Technology RMIT University University of Canberra University of South Australia Dawkins Universities Charles Sturt University University of Technology Sydney Charles Darwin (NT) Univeristy Bond University University of Notre Dame Swinburne University of Technology Central Queensland University Edith Cowan University University of Southern Queensland Victoria University Southern Cross University Ballarat University University of the Sunshine Coast

9 University of Western Australia University of Tasmania University of Queensland University of Sydney University of Melbourne Post-Dawkins University Landscape Charles Darwin (NT) Univeristy University of NSW Monash University University of Newcastle La Trobe University Australian National University University of New England Macquarie University Griffith University Deakin University Murdoch University University of Wollongong Curtin University Charles Sturt University Central Queensland University University of Notre Dame Edith Cowan University Southern Cross University Victoria University Swinburne University of Technology Ballarat University Australian Catholic University RMIT University University of Canberra University of Western Sydney University of Technology Sydney Queensland University of Technology Bond University James Cook Univeristy University of Southern Queensland University of the Sunshine Coast University of Adelaide Flinders University University of South Australia

10 Approximately 39 institutions classified as universities 38,965 EFT Academic/research staff in ,334 EFT Administrative/technical staff in ,002,003 Total students (714,696 EFT) in 2008 – 5% of Population 258,802 Graduations in 2008 (approximately 1/3 international) $17.3 Billion Turnover (2007) $9.3 Billion Australian Federal Government funding (2007) $2.6 Billion International student fee income (2007) – 15% $691 Million state and local government funding (2007) The Current Australian University System

11 Academic Staffing by Institution Big 5 Universities

12 Total Income by Institution Big 5 Universities

13 Total Non-Current Assets by Institution

14 Research in Australian universities is a relatively recent phenomenon Australia’s first PhD was only awarded in 1948 by the University of Melbourne Currently Australia has some 30,000 students enrolled in PhD programs In 2008, Australian universities received a total of $2.8 Billion in research income All Australian universities claim to be involved in both learning and research - however, 70% of all research funding is awarded to the eight largest universities (the Group of 8) The five largest universities (Monash University + Universities of Melbourne, New South Wales, Queensland and Sydney) dominate the national research landscape Research in the Australian University System

15 Research Degrees in the Australian University System 1 Completion in Completions in ,498 Completions in ,018 Completions in 1998

16 Total Research Funding by Institution Big 5 Universities Group of 8 Universities (Go8) Post- Dawkins Universities

17 Increasing Dominance of Large Universities Average research Income in Australia’s big 5 Universities Average research income in Group of 8 Average research Income for all other universities

18 International Ranking of Australia’s Universities InstitutionShanghai Jiao Tong Ranking 2010 Times Higher Education Ranking 2010 Leiden University Green Ranking University of Melbourne University of Sydney University of Queensland University of NSW Monash University University of WA112Not Ranked187 Australian National University University of Adelaide

19 Further Information


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