# Formative Assessment Lessons (FAL) Bullitt County August Days 2012 Patrick Durham Instructional Coach BCPS.

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Formative Assessment Lessons (FAL) Bullitt County August Days 2012 Patrick Durham Instructional Coach BCPS

What is a FAL??? FAL=Formative Assessment Lesson Engaging STUDENT oriented/focused lesson. Teachers DONT TEACH; they facilitate. You are not on stage anymore! Develops MATH PRACTICES & build relationships among math content Structured Lesson with specific components Assessment AS learning

FAL cycle Pre-Assessment Individual Attempt Group/Partner Attempt Discuss possible methods of solving Post- Assessment Student debrief on various ways to solve (if applicable) Very powerful for student learning Administer day before scheduled FAL Administer after discussion of methods

FAL Prezi Walkthrough -Created by Seth Hunter, KDE Math Specialist & President KCTM

Why FALs? FALs incorporates Highly Effective Teaching & Learning (HETL), Assessment Literacy, & KY Core Academic Standards for Math (KCASM). They can be engaging and rigorous.(Imagine that: FUN and Demanding!) Math the Weird Beast Math relationships, not a series of steps! Math relationships, not a series of steps!

FAL Research Shell Centre for Mathematic Education Research; Nottingham, England

What it takes to be College Ready College Course or Course Area Test EXPLORE Score PLAN Score ACT Score English Composition English131518 Social SciencesReading151720 College AlgebraMathematics171922 BiologyScience202124

Shared Responsibility

Time to FAL Time to be a kid again! Experiencing 1 st person=understanding

Formative Assessment Lessons (FALs) Caterpillars and Leaves Adaptable for Grades K-3 K.NBT.1: Compose & Decompose numbers from 11-19… K.OA: Understanding addition as putting together and subtraction as taking apart…. 1.OA.1: Use addition & subtraction within 20 to solve word problems…. 2.OA.1: Use addition & subtraction within 100 to solve word problems… 3.OA.8: Solve word problems using the four operations…

Pre-Assessment Give the day before FAL is planned 10-15 minute time allotment NO ASSISTANCE, unless accommodations are required (reader) Use this to group responses homogeneously. (classify answers into categories of understanding: each FAL will outline these typical areas of understanding)

Framing the Lesson Framing the FAL is critical. Direct student attention to the content to set their thinking. Introduce FAL to the students.

Individual Attempt Allow students to view problem(s). 7-10 minutes Only allow students to develop plan of attack to solve. DO NOT allow them to solve the problem completely. NO HELP!!! (accommodations need to be met)

Collaborative Learning Ask for needs of clarification. Group students according to pre-assessment results. (typically no more than 4-5). Use group responsibilities/jobs to involve all in group. About 15 minutes. No wasting time! Monitor, not teach. Assist strugglers with questions, not answers

Evaluating Sample Responses What do you like about the work? How has each student organized the work? What mistakes have been made? What is NOT clear? What questions do you want to ask the student? In what ways might the work be improved?

Whole Group Discussion 10-20 minutes May need management structure for positive discourse. Allow students to discuss their answers and processes to solve. Based on conferring & during work times, you may need to target specific groups to provide correct thinking/strategy. You may provide an alternate strategy if needed to focus thinking. Also allows them to walk away with the satisfaction of having a correct answer.

Post Assessment 10-15 minutes Return students original pre-assessment and allow them to correct/change/modify answer. (may just give them a clean pre-assessment instead of their original). NO help, only accommodations.

Updated Thinking/Debriefing 5-10 min/Remainder of class session, may go to next day if needed. Student/Teacher discourse over new/updated thinking. Develops deep connections for students. Also allows them to walk away with the satisfaction of having a correct answer.

Resources Q: drive under FAL. Folders according to level. The quality of the problem/ task to be used (cognitive demand, content, ties to targets) – http://balancedassessment.concord.org/ http://balancedassessment.concord.org/ – www.insidemathematics.org www.insidemathematics.org – www.map.mathshell.org www.map.mathshell.org Grouping strategies – http://cpm.org/pdfs/studyTeam/coll_team_strat_ca rds.pdf http://cpm.org/pdfs/studyTeam/coll_team_strat_ca rds.pdf NCTM 5 Keys to effective Formative Assessment – http://www.nctm.org/news/content.aspx?id=11474 http://www.nctm.org/news/content.aspx?id=11474 How math standards link together in a symbiotic relationship. www.Turnonccmath.comwww.Turnonccmath.com

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