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NORTH CAROLINA ECONOMICS, LEGAL, AND POLITICAL SYSTEMS REVIEW Instructions for use: A) click mouse and a question will appear with possible answers. B)

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Presentation on theme: "NORTH CAROLINA ECONOMICS, LEGAL, AND POLITICAL SYSTEMS REVIEW Instructions for use: A) click mouse and a question will appear with possible answers. B)"— Presentation transcript:

1 NORTH CAROLINA ECONOMICS, LEGAL, AND POLITICAL SYSTEMS REVIEW Instructions for use: A) click mouse and a question will appear with possible answers. B) select your answer and click on it. C) you will be shown the correct answer. D) click again and the next question will appear There are approximately 200 prompts in the review, if you can not finish the review in one setting use the scroll bar to remember where you left off. Created by: J. Marshall Gasperson/

2 Who is known as the “Father of the Constitution”? A) Thomas Jefferson B) George Washington C) James Madison D) Ben Franklin

3 Which of the following court cases established Judicial Review? A) Gideon v. Wainwright B) Miranda v. Arizona C) Marbury v. Madison D) Korematsu v. United States

4 Local governments get most of their revenues from which of the following: A) Fees and Fines B) Property Tax C) Sales Tax D) Income Tax

5 What is largest expenditure for the National government? A) Military B) National Parks C) Welfare programs D) Foreign Policy

6 A political party’s beliefs are stated in the party___________. A) Nomination B) Registration C) Convention D) Platform

7 Which of the following is an example of an Excise tax? A) Sales tax B) Gas tax C) Property tax D) Income tax

8 Which of the following provides the most State revenue? A) Sales Tax B) Gas Tax C) Property Tax D) Income Tax

9 Which of the following is a Progressive Tax? A) Sales Tax B) Property Tax C) Income Tax D) Luxury Tax

10 What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention? A) Revise the Constitution B) Revise the Articles of Confederation C) Revise the Mayflower Compact D) Revise the Declaration of Independence

11 The 13 original state governments had all of the following, except: A) Monarchs B) Bill of Rights C) Legislative Branches D) Executive Branches

12 Which of the following men first stated, “All men are created equal”: A) George Washington B) Jean Jacque Rousseau C) Thomas Jefferson D) John Locke

13 What state did not send a delegate to the Constitutional Convention? A) North Carolina B) Delaware C) New York D) Rhode Island

14 Which of the following creates the budget for the National Government: A) Legislative Branch B) Executive Branch C) Judicial Branch D) State Legislatures

15 The court case Tinker vs. Des Moines School District dealt with which of the following A) separation of church and state B) freedom of the press C) freedom of speech D) right to bear arms

16 Interest Groups often hire ________, to help them influence legislation. A. Citizens B) Commissioners C) Lobbyists D) Politicians

17 Which of the following elects the President: A) Citizens B) Electoral College C) State Legislators D) State Governors

18 Which of the following statements is best defined as, “people equals power”: A) Popular Sovereignty B) Natural Rights C) Citizenship D) Expressed Powers

19 Congressional power of 2/3 Override is an example of which of the following: A) Popular Sovereignty B) Representative Democracy C) Federalism D) Checks and Balances

20 Which of the following court cases dealt with freedom of expression through the burning of the US Flag. A) Gregg v Georgia B) Texas v. Johnson C) Gibbons v. Ogden D) Wallace v. Jaffee

21 Which Article of the Constitution establishes the legislative branch? A) Article I B) Article II C) Article III D) Article VII

22 Which of the following has the power to tax? A) Congress B) NC General Assembly C) Boone Town Council D) All of the Above

23 Which states opposed the Virginia Plan? A) Large States B) All States C) Small States D) No States

24 The United States has which of the following political systems: A) One-party system B) Two-party system C) Three-party system D) Multi-party system

25 Which of the following would be most concerned with the issue of global warming: A) National Government B) State Government C) Local Government D) All of the Above

26 Federalism is best described as________ of government. A) Representation B) Levels C) Sections D) Divisions

27 Which of the following gives Congress it’s Implied powers? A) Presidential Clause B) Federalism C) Supreme Court D) None of the above

28 The landmark court decision of McCulloch v Maryland establish which of the following A) separate but equal was constitutional B) congresses power to regulate interstate commerce C) struck down school prayer D) supremacy of the federal government

29 The power to coin money is an example of an: A) Reserved power B) Concurrent Power C) Enumerated power D) None of the Above

30 Which of the following countries has a multi-party political system: A) Russia B) United Kingdom C) Japan D) Mexico

31 Which level of the Federal Judicial system has “original jurisdiction”? A) Federal District Court B) US Appellate Court C) US Supreme Court D) All of the above

32 Which of the following is not a requirement to be a member of Congress: A) 30 years old B) State Resident C) Native-born citizen D) District Resident

33 In which of the following court cases did the Supreme Court rule that the death penalty was not a violation of the 8th Amendment A) Miranda v Arizona B) Texas v Johnson C) Gregg v Georgia D) Cruzan v Missouri

34 The National Organization of Women is an example of an: A) Political party B) Interest Group C) Convention D) Plank

35 Which of the following best describes the purpose of the Judicial Branch: A) Makes Laws B) Carry out Laws C) Interpret Laws D) All of the above

36 What best describes the governments power to tax? A) Reserved power B) Enumerated power C) Concurrent power D) Implied power

37 Which of the following is not a Reserved Power? A) power to establish schools B) power to issue license C) power to regulate interstate commerce D) none of the above

38 The Electoral College Compromise dealt with which of the following: A) representation in Congress B) Slave trade C) Counting population D) Choosing the President

39 What was the cause of “Shay’s Rebellion”? A) High taxes B) Unequal representation C) Freedom of Speech D) Right to bear arms

40 Which of the following is the earliest known written legal code? A) Magna Carta B) Mayflower Compact C) Hammurabi’s Code D) US Constitution

41 Which of the following is a law that punishes a person without a fair trial? A) Affirmative action law B) Due Process law C) Ex post Facto law D) Bill of Attainder law

42 People who are eligible to vote are called: A) Caucus B) Electorate C) Plurality D) Coalition

43 If you cast all of your votes for candidates from the same party, you are: A) voting a split-ticket B) voting a consensus C) voting a straight-ticket D) none of the above

44 Which of the following did the Constitutional Convention NOT come up with? A) Bicameral legislature B) Bill of rights C) Judicial Branch D) Executive Branch

45 If you are tried for murder, which of the following courts would have “original jurisdiction” over the trial? A) NC District Court B) NC Superior Court C) NC Court of Appeals D) none of the above

46 Which of the following compromises dealt with representation in the national Congress? A) Electoral College B) Connecticut C) Slave trade D) 3/5

47 Which of the following court cases established governments practice of separate but equal A) Plessy v Ferguson B) Rust v Sullivan C) Korematsu v. U.S. D) Marbury v. Madison

48 The “Necessary and Proper Clause” gives Congress which of the following powers? A) Expressed powers B) Concurrent powers C) Implied powers D) Reserved powers

49 Which of the following refers to putting a person on trial for the same crime twice? A) Due process of law B) Eminent Domain C) Suffrage D) Double Jeopardy

50 All of the following are duties EXCEPT A) attending school B) paying taxes C) voting in elections D) serving on a jury

51 When a local party organization becomes very powerful, it is sometimes referred to as a_________________. A) Political machine B) Convention C) Caucus D) none of the above

52 The first political parties in the United States formed during the: A) early colonial period B) debate over the Constitution C) Revolutionary War D) Civil War Era

53 Which of the following is used to predict election outcomes: A) poll watchers B) delegates C) recall votes D) exit polls

54 In a “closed primary”, which of the following may vote: A) only party members B) all registered voters C) all citizens D) only delegates

55 Votes cast directly by the people are referred to as the: A) electoral vote B) popular vote C) referendum D) none of the above

56 A political party’s Presidential candidate is selected by A) primary election B) Electoral College C) National Convention delegates D) Caucuses

57 Which of the following is a propaganda technique used in political campaigns and by lobbyists? A) Endorsements B) Bandwagon C) Glittering generality D) all of the above

58 Which of the following Interest Groups is working to benefit all or most of society? A) National Rifleman Association B) American Association of Retired People C) Consumer Rights Counsel D) National Organization of Women

59 Congressional “franking privileges” are related to which of the following : A) Postal services B) Gerrymandering C) Filibusters D) Seniority

60 What is the minimum age to be a member of Congress? A) 18 B) 21 C) 25 D) 30

61 What is needed to end a Senate “filibuster” ? A) a vote of impeachment B) a vote of censure C) a vote confidence D) a vote of cloture

62 Which of the following is not a requirement to be a member of the House of Representatives: A) college graduate B) 25 years old C) naturalized citizen D) resident of district

63 Which of the following can come up with an idea for a legislative bill? A) A member of Congress B) The President C) a citizen D) all of the above

64 The leader of the House of Representatives is called the: A) president pro tempore B) majority leader C) speaker of the house D) chairman of the chamber

65 When a congressional committee pigeonholes a bill, it A) sends it to the floor B) amends it C) sets it aside D) creates it

66 The House of Representative has all of the following powers, except the power A) introduce legislative bills B) approval of presidential appointments C) introduce appropriations bills D) vote to declare war

67 Which of the following best describes the economic concept of Scarcity: A) unlimited resources v. limited wants and needs B) limited resources v. unlimited wants and needs C) higher price v. lower quantity D) lower price v. higher quantity

68 The Basic source of all political power in the United States is the A) Constitution of the United States B) local government: town, city or county C) Congress of the United States D) people of the states

69 The U.S. government has the power to draft people into the armed forces. This is an example of A) delegated power B) expresses powers C) inherent powers D) implied powers

70 When a state confiscates private property for public purposes, the state is exercising the right of A) popular sovereignty B) eminent domain C) general welfare D) police power

71 The principle that the power to govern belongs to the people and is delegated by them to their elected officials is A) popular sovereignty B) separation of powers C) federalism D) national supremacy

72 The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are important because they A) provide for the abolishment of slavery B) list the powers of Congress C) guarantee basic individual rights D) give blacks the right to vote

73 In the United States, a person being arrested must be informed of all but one of the following rights A) right to remain silent B) right to a trial by jury C) right to an attorney D) right to have an attorney provided if on can’t be afforded

74 “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment” is the A) First Amendment B) Eight Amendment C) Fourteenth Amendment D) Nineteenth Amendment

75 The Gideon vs. Wainwright case established the A) supremacy of the United States Constitution B) right of a suspect to have a lawyer present before being questioned by police C) right to have a lawyer provided by the court if the accused cannot afford one. D) supremacy of judicial review

76 The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution includes all but on of the following rights. Select the one not found A)right to worship as one pleases B) right of peaceful assembly C) right to bear arms D) right to free speech

77 As a result of the 19th Amendment A) more working women have high-paying jobs B) about half of our senators are women C) women have the right to vote D) women were granted freedom of speech

78 “…No state shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” is a brief description of the A) First Amendment B) Eight Amendment C) Fourteenth Amendment D) Nineteenth Amendment

79 “The right of people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures….” is a brief description of the A) First Amendment B) Fourth Amendment C) Sixth Amendment D) Eight Amendment

80 The system of checks and balances in the United States was designed to A) reduce the power of state government B) reduce the importance of political parties C) prevent one branch of government from becoming too strong D) equalize the powers of the state and national government

81 Which of the following best describes a true Market economy: A) means of production are privately owned B) government controls the means of production C) individuals and government own the means of production D) means of production are controlled by customs

82 Which of the following courts would most likely hear a misdemeanor case for the first time? A) U.S. Supreme Court B) NC Superior Court C) NC District Court D) None of the above

83 Which of the following business organizations is best described as limited life and unlimited liability? A) sole proprietorship B) partnership C) corporation D) both A and B

84 Which of the following would have the lowest investment in Human Capital? A) airline pilot B) teacher C) nurse D) secretary

85 Which of the following is not a example of a capital good? A) garden hose B) moving van C) backhoe D) hammer

86 A sole proprietor is best described as which of the following: A) natural resources B) capital C) labor D) entrepreneur

87 The term point of equilibrium is best described as: A) where price is greater that quantity demanded B) where price is less than quantity supplied C) where price and quantity are equal D) all of the above

88 Which of the following shows ownership in a corporation? A) corporate stock B) corporate bond C) certificate of deposit D) none of the above

89 The court case Brown v. Board of Education dealt with which of the following: A) 1st Amendment B) 2nd Amendment C) 5th Amendment D) 14th Amendment

90 In a weak Mayor form of city government, which branch of government controls the city departments? A) executive B) legislative C) judicial D) none of the above

91 All of the following are true of the office of NC Governor, except: A) 30 years old B) 2 years of residency C) must be native born citizen D) has veto power

92 As Judicial leader, the President had all of the following powers, except: A) grant amnesty B) appoint judges C) grant reprieves D) veto verdicts

93 Which of the following is an example of a consumer good: A) a haircut B) toilet paper C) legal advice D) car wash

94 Which of the following shows the movement of goods and services through an economy? A) supply and demand chart B) Gross Domestic Product C) Business Cycle D) Circular Flow Model

95 The court case Miranda v. Arizona dealt with which of the following: A) freedom of speech B) right bear arms C) cruel and unusual punishment D) rights of the accused

96 In economics a decision to buy a certain product is called a A) consumer choices B) tradeoff C) opportunity cost D) all of the above

97 What percentage of Congress does it take to override a Presidential veto? A) 1/2 B) 3/4 C) 2/3 D) 3/5

98 The United States economy is best described as: A) traditional B) command C) market D) mixed

99 Which of the following is the key incentive for starting your own business? A) ownership B) profits C) lower tax rates D) decision-making

100 Which of the following has the power to declare laws unconstitutional? A) executive branch B) legislative branch C) judicial branch D) all of the above

101 Which of the following would reduce the surplus of a product? A) lower price and makes less B) lower price and make more C) raise price and make less D) raise price and make more

102 Who follows the Vice president to line of Presidential succession? A) Secretary of State B) President of the Senate C) Speaker of the House D) Secretary of Defense

103 What is the role of government in a mixed economy? A) control prices B) protect business owners C) control supply and demand D) protect consumers and workers

104 A corporation is best described by which of the following? A) unlimited liability and unlimited life B) limited liability and unlimited life C)limited liability and limited life D) unlimited liability and limited life

105 In a market economy, price is controlled by which of the following? A) the government B) businesses C) consumers D) supply and demand

106 The issue of low income housing would be the responsibility of which executive department? A) Veteran Affairs B) Housing and Urban Development C) Commerce D) Energy

107 If the government wanted consumers to spend more money, which of the following would they NOT do: A) raise interest rates B) lower interest rates C) lower taxes D) buy back government securities

108 A sharp rise in inflation would result in which of the following: A) increase in building permits B) increase in consumer spending C) increase in unemployment D) all of the above

109 Which of the following refers to dividing a state into odd- shaped districts? A) constituents B) gerrymandering C) redistricting D) census

110 Which of the following committees is temporary and formed to deal with a specific issue? A) select committee B) joint committee C) conference committee D) standing committee

111 What is the responsibility of a congressional committee? A) propose bills B) research and revise bills C) pass bills into laws D) work on interest of the members party

112 The entire House of Representatives is elected every: A) two years B) four years C) five years D) six years

113 Who has the power to elect the president if no candidate wins a majority in the presidential election? A) the Senate B) the House of Representatives C) Both the House and the Senate D) the Supreme Court

114 If the President wants to reject a bill while Congress is in session, he or she: A) does nothing B) uses a pocket veto C) overrides the bill D) uses a veto

115 Congress can do all of the following, except: A) tax interstate commerce B) raise taxes C) borrow money D) regulate immigration

116 The large network of government agencies and employees, is often referred to as a: A) cloture B) bureaucracy C) quagmire D) democracy

117 What is the most important job of the President? A) deal with foreign countries B) control the military C) carry out laws passed by Congress D) appoint federal judges

118 The State of the Union address is a speech made to Congress: A) annually B) when the President takes office C) when introducing the budget D) during a national crisis

119 Which of the following prepares the budget for the President? A) National Security Council B) White house office staff C) Council of Economic Advisers D) Office of Management and Budget

120 Which of the following grants a corporation the power to operate? A) a dividend B) a charter C) a stock certificate D) a stock exchange

121 If market price is below market demand, the result would be: A) a equilibrium B) surplus C) price elastic D) shortage

122 The executive departments are known as the President’s: A) council B) advisory panel C) cabinet D) none of the above

123 Which of the following is a durable good? A) milk B) candy bar C) bread D) washing machine

124 During a recession the demand of non-durable goods will most likely: A) decrease B) increase slightly C) increase greatly D) show no significant change

125 If a product is considered price elastic, which of the following is true of an increase in price: A) demand will stay the same B) demand will increase C) demand will decrease D) all of the above

126 The value of your second choice is called a: A) tradeoff B) opportunity cost C) dividend D) consumer decision

127 County governments get the most revenues from: A) property tax B) income tax C) sales tax D) fees and fines

128 If the government raises taxes which of the following would most likely happen: A) unemployment would decrease B) number of building permits would increase C) milk production would go down D) automobile sales would decline

129 Technological advances cause which of the following: A) lower prices B) better quality C) higher profits D) all of the above

130 Which part of the business cycle would show a high level of unemployment and a sharp decrease in building permits? A) expansion B) contraction C) peak D) trough

131 A large increase in gasoline prices would cause all of the following, except: A) decrease in automobile sales B) increase in public transit use C) decline in family vacations D) a decrease in government spending

132 The Attorney general is the head of which department: A) Justice B) Interior C) Commerce D) Agriculture

133 The United States Postal Service is an example of a: A) executive agency B) regulatory commission C) government corporation D) executive department

134 The practice of giving jobs as a reward for party loyalty is called a: A) merit system B) spoils system C) federal system D) economic system

135 Decisions made by regulatory commissions: A) must be approved by Congress B) must be approved by the President C) have the force of law D) are obeyed voluntarily

136 The person accused of a crime is called a: A) plaintiff B) defendant C) criminal D) convict

137 At the county level of government who is responsible for carrying out the laws passed by the Commission? A) Mayor B) Town Council C) Governor D) County Commission

138 If the Supreme Court finds a law in conflict with the Constitution, it: A) remands the case to a lower court B) changes the law C) asks Congress to change the law D) declares the law unconstitutional

139 Lawsuits in which there is no existing law to decide the matter are called: A) suits of equity B) negligence suits C) small-claims D) injunctions

140 International trade problems are peculiarly deceptive because they require us to A) develop an appreciation of foreign products B) understand how two currencies can function as a medium of exchange C) understand how other free market systems differ from our own D) carry out or trade negotiations in two languages

141 More education and training of the work force generally leads to A) less productivity of the work force B) less unemployment for skilled workers C) greater productivity of the work force D) more unemployment for skilled workers

142 “ Human wants are greater than the resources that are available to satisfy them.” This implies the need for A) leaving decisions to fate B) working harder C) making choices to allocate resources D) asking for less

143 Which economic problem must ALL societies solve? A) guaranteeing everyone an annual wage B) securing right-to-work laws C) satisfying unlimited wants with limited resources D) speeding up the rate of industrialization

144 What effect does scarce resources have? A) Everybody has all he wants B) People have to make choices C) Stores have to sell more things D) People have to make more natural resources

145 Which of the following is TRUE about individual consumption of world resources? A) It adds up over time B) It can be controlled by corporations with influences C) It is determined by government policy D) It does not matter significantly

146 The principle of specialization means that A) employees are assigned to a specific task to increase efficiency B) production per worker is low but costs of production are no greater C) incomes are related to the marginal product of the worker D) machines are substituted for human capital

147 Which was the most direct result of the use of interchangeable parts in industry? A) an increase in the amount of goods produced B) massive unemployment among unskilled workers C) a decrease in the number of profitable large businesses D) an increase in the number of hours needed to make a product

148 If wages rise rapidly, the most logical reaction by a business would be to A) lay off 1/2 of the workers B) try to buy lower quality raw materials C) investigate increased efficiency through the use of more capital equipment D) hire additional workers

149 Laissez-faire A) limits the role of government B) is a dominant European economic theory C) is a policy of non-interference D) is all of the above E) is only A and C above

150 Suffrage is A) a condition of slavery B) a search order C) fair action by the government D) the right to vote

151 A person guilty of slander has gone beyond the legal limits of his/her A) right of assembly B) right of free press C) right of free speech D) right of worship

152 In the court case United States v Nixon, the Supreme Court ruled on which of the following A) the use of War Powers Act B) the use of Presidential Impeachment C) the use of Executive Privilege D) the use of a Presidential pardon

153 This early American political party opposed a strong national government A) Jeffersonian Republicans B) Federalists C) Anti-Federalist D) American Independent

154 A series of taxes on newspapers, books, and documents that Americans were forced to pay to the British before the Revolutionary War was called A) excise B) tyranny C) empire taxes D) stamp taxes

155 In 1776 what did Americans accuse the British Government of doing? A) taxing them without their consent B) quartering troops in their houses C) failing to give prisoners a fair trial D) all of the above

156 Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress A) had all powers necessary to conduct the government B) did not have power to enforce the laws it made C) restricted the powers of the states

157 Flexibility is provided in the U.S. Constitution mainly by the A) Preamble and the Bill of Rights B) amending and the elastic clause C) provisions for separation D) system of checks and balances

158 A change in the U.S. Constitution is called A) a tariff B) a veto C) an amendment D) a filibuster

159 The practice of providing jobs as a reward to members of the political party in power is called A) subsidy B) public assistance C) seniority D) patronage

160 Which of the following court cases banned government sponsored prayer in schools A) Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas B) Rust v. Sullivan C) Gideon v. Wainwright D) Engel v. Vitale

161 Presidential Cabinet choices must be approved by the A) Senate B) House C) full Congress D) State Governors

162 The federal government may do all of these EXCEPT A) print and coin money B) regulate interstate trade C) combine state education districts D) conduct foreign relations

163 More than half of a group is a A) majority B) minority C) maximum D) minimum

164 The most common reason for non-voting in American elections is A) illness on election day B) complicated voting procedures C) indifference/apathy D) physical and mental disabilities

165 Membership in either of the major political parties is A) a voluntary matter B) required of all adults by law C) regulated by state law D) quite expensive because of the annual payment

166 Practically all members of our major parties A) agree on such basic principles as popular sovereignty, limited government, and federalism B) agree on most major issues such as taxation and the farm problem C) hold political office D) support the policies of the administration in power

167 Initiative is A) the right of voters to propose laws B) a governor’s power to reject an entire bill C) a state’s right to approve part of a bill and reject the rest D) the right of a voter to approve or reject bills passed by legislation

168 Referendum is A) the right of voters to propose laws B) a governor’s power to reject and entire bill C) a state’s right to approve art of a bill and reject the rest D) the right of a voter to approve or reject bills passed by legislation

169 The Federal Trade Commission was established to: A) Protect the citizens of the U.S. from foreign competition in business B) Protect the citizens of the U.S. from unfair advertising by businesses C) Protect American business from unfair competition from foreign countries D) Protect foreign companies doing business in the U.S.

170 Primaries are elections in which A) Voters who are registered in a given party are given a chance to express their choice for the party nomination B) beginning voters get a chance to practice operating the voting machine C) only party workers are permitted to express their preference among party hopefuls D) the party “bosses” meet in a caucus room to determine who will get the nomination

171 In order to vote wisely a citizen must A) understand the problems of government B) know the policies of candidates C) study the issues D) all of the above

172 Gun control legislation is strongly and actively opposed by the A) IRS B) AMA C) NRA D) FBI

173 An individual that is paid to try to influence legislators to vote for or against certain legislation is a A) member of a pressure group B) legislative secretary C) lobbyist D) politician

174 A “pocket veto” refers to A) Congress’s power to override a Presidential veto B) the ability of the Supreme Court to decide whether an act of legislation is unconstitutional C) the ability of the bureaucracy to daily implementing orders D) the President’s refusal to sign a bill when Congress adjourns within ten days after its passage

175 In the U.S., which institution act as a court in presidential impeachment proceedings A) the Supreme Court B) the House of Representatives C) the Senate D) both the House of Representatives and the Senate

176 In which action is the President acting as Party Leader? A) He meets a delegation of union workers B) He sends a message to Congress asking support for a bill C) He endorses congressional candidates running for election D) He appoints a Supreme Court Justice who shares his philosophy

177 James Jones was born in Germany while his father was in the U.S. Army. He is 18 and has lived in Watauga County for 2 months. On election day Mr. Jones goes to the polls to vote but is not allowed to do so. Which of the following has he not met? A) citizenship B) age C) registration D) residency

178 The President of the United States must be at least______ years of age, according to the Constitution. A) 25 B) 30 C) 35 D) 40

179 KBTU radio and KRTH television stations must get licenses to operate from this group A) Federal Communications Commission B) Federal Reserve Bank C) Federal Trade Commission D) Interstate Commerce Commission

180 If our country were placed in a position of having to declare war on another nation, which of the following would be responsible for declaring war? A) President B) Congress C) Supreme Court D) President but with approval from the Senate

181 In the U.S., treaties must be ratified by the A) President B) House of Representatives C) Senate D) Supreme Court

182 When the Vice-President of the U.S. is absent, the ________ presides over the Senate A) Majority Leader B) Speaker of the House C) President pro tempore

183 A qualification of becoming a U.S. representative is A) being a U.S. citizen for twelve years B) being twenty-five years of age or older C) being a natural-born citizen D) none of the above

184 A filibuster is a speech in the Senate for the purpose of A) officially reviewing the bill just prior to a vote B) explaining a bill’s details to all members C) criticizing a committee’s report on a bill D) delaying or preventing the vote on a bill

185 The Speaker of the House of Representatives is chosen by A) both houses of Congress and the President B) the previous Speaker C) the members of the House of Representatives D) national election

186 Which of the following would be considered a criminal case? A) arson B) personal injury C) slander D) contract dispute

187 Which of the following situations would be MOST LIKELY be tried under civil law in the U.S. A) murder B) armed robbery C) kidnapping D) fighting

188 A congressional conference committee is needed when A) the President does not agree with the House or Senate on a Bill B) the House and Senate pass bills that are similar but not identical C) too much time has been spent considering a bill D) outside help is needed to understand a bill

189 If a person wished to buy a restaurant license or any other license to operate a business, it would be issued by this city official A) City clerk B) Mayor C) District Attorney D) City Council Member

190 If newspapers report that a person has been indicted in connection with missing company funds, this means A) has stolen the company funds B) will be found guilty of stealing the company funds C) will be tried on a charge of stealing the company funds D) outside help is needed to understand a bill

191 Under U.S. law, the rules of evidence are designed to A) apply only in cases of serious crimes B) ensure a decision based upon facts C) allow hearsay only if it is relevant D) requires courts to accept al evidence

192 The unwritten law which evolved from customs, traditions, and decisions of judges is called A) warranty law B) people’s law C) common law D) civil law

193 Money or security posted to guarantee the appearance of an accused person for trial is called A) grand jury B) warrant C) common law D) bail

194 The lawyer employed by government to present the government’s case is called A) the government lawyer B) the defense attorney C) the district attorney D) the people’s representative

195 Due process of law in a criminal procedure includes A) allowing a person who is testifying to say who he/she thinks committed the crime B) giving an accused person a chance to prove himself/herself innocent C) reading to the accused his/her rights and giving him/her a hearing and a speedy trial with right to counsel D) doing away with the right to trial because the accused confessed

196 Which of the following theories of punishment is designed to help the criminal become an independent, productive citizen A) Individual Deterrence B) Revenge C) General Deterrence D) Rehabilitation

197 The lawyer for the defendant in a criminal case is called A) the defense attorney B) the defender C) the district attorney D) the people’s representatives

198 Which of the following situations describes extradition A) a governor can bring to an end a session of the state legislature B) a governor can ask that a prisoner held in another state be returned to the state a for prosecution and trial C) a governor can give a convicted felon his/her freedom and free him/her from guilt of a crime D) a governor can refuse to sign a bill into law

199 The concept of “innocent until proven guilty” means that A) the accused must prove innocence B) the trial must be held quickly C) the burden of proof is on the prosecutor D) all of the above

200 A writ of habeas corpus is A) safeguards the jailer from any penalty when he receives a prisoner B) orders a jailer to bring a person to proper trial C) does not guarantee that a prisoner will be charged with a crime D) is a procedure in which a prisoner does not need a trial

201 Capital goods refer to A) corporate securities B) money in savings accounts C) goods used to produce other goods D) all money in the economy

202 Wasteland is a country in which there is very little government ownership of farms and businesses. People may start their own businesses and the government doesn’t interfere with wages or prices. Wasteland is A) cooperative B) socialistic C) capitalistic D) communistic

203 Which of the following is a function of the marketplace? A) to make sure that buyers pay the lowest possible prices B) to make things look attractive C) to have honest advertising D) to bring buyers and sellers together

204 If two goods are substituted for each other, then consumers usually decide to purchase one or the other on the basis of A) the prices of the two goods B) where the two goods have been produced C) their desire to have variety in what they consume D) their desire to keep the producers of both good in business

205 Competition among businesses should result in which of the following A) higher cost of materials B) higher prices for products C) reduction in consumer demand D) more efficient production

206 If there is an decrease in the supply of coffee, consumers will most likely A) buy less tea because of a decrease in the price of coffee B) buy more tea because of a decrease in the price of coffee C) buy less tea because of an increase in the price of coffee D) buy more tea because of an increase in the price of butter

207 “Double Taxation” refers to the fact that A) the tax rate on corporate income is about twice as high as that on personal income B) corporate earnings are taxed under the corporate income tax and, in addition, that part of corporate income paid out as dividends are taxed as personal income C) both distributed and undistributed corporate profits are taxed as personal income D) both employers and employees pay taxes to finance unemployment compensation payments

208 A single firm operates three plants which consist of a cattle ranch, a slaughter house, and beef distributor. This an example of a A) horizontal combination B) vertical combination C) partnership D) corporation

209 The term “monopoly” describes a situation in which the market price of goods and services is established by which of the following A) many sellers B) a single buyer C) many buyers and sellers D) a single seller or a small group of sellers

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