2Properties of Normal Distribution PeakImage text page 487It’s peak occurs directly above the meanThe curve is symmetric about the vertical line through the mean.The curve never touches the x-axisThe area under the curve is always = 1. (This agrees with the fact that the sum of the probabilities in any distribution is 1.)
3Variations in Normal Curves One standard deviation is smaller than normalOne standard deviation is equal to the normalOne standard deviation is larger than normal
4The Area Under the Standard Normal Curve 1 standard deviationABImage from text p 487The area of the shaded region under a normal curve form a point A to B is the probability that an observed data value will be between A and BBetween -1 and +1 standard deviations there is 68% of the region, therefore the probability of an observed data value being within 1 standard deviation is 68%, etc.
5Problem solved using the Standard Normal Curve The area under a normal curve to the left of x (the data) is the same as the area under the standard normal curve to the left of the z-score for x.What does that mean?The z-score is the formula that converts the raw data (x) from a normal distribution into the lookup values of a STANDARD NORMAL CURVE. [See table in appendix of text or use Excel function =NORMSDIST(Z)]First find the z-scoreExample: sales force drives an average of 1200 miles, with a standard deviations of 150 miles miles is the mileage in question.
6What is the probability that a salesperson drives less than 1600 miles? Ans: It is the area to the left of the standard normal curve. Look up 2.67 in the Table of Normal Distributions. There is a 99.62% probability that the salesperson drives less than 1600 miles.2.67
7Using Table of the Normal Distribution Z = 2.67Table found in text page A-1 back of bookLook up 2.6 in the row, and .07 in the column.The intersection is the area to the left, or probability
9What is the probability that a salesperson drives more than 1600 miles? 2.67Ans: It is the area to the right of the standard normal curve. Since you know the are to the left of 2.67, the area to the right must be = .0038, or .38% probability that a salesperson drives more than 1600 miles.
10What is the probability that a salesperson drives between 1200 and 1600 miles? It is the difference between driving less than 1600 and less than 1200.2.67Ans: The area to the left of 2.67 is already known, it isFind the z value for 1200, , then look it up in the table.Between == .4962The probability that a salesperson drives between 1200 and 1600 miles is 49.62%
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