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BARELY LEGAL: DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES UNDER THE REGULATORY RADAR MICHAEL NERNEY and ASSOCIATES P.O. Box 93 Long Lake, NY 12847-0093 (518) 624-5351

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Presentation on theme: "BARELY LEGAL: DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES UNDER THE REGULATORY RADAR MICHAEL NERNEY and ASSOCIATES P.O. Box 93 Long Lake, NY 12847-0093 (518) 624-5351"— Presentation transcript:

1 BARELY LEGAL: DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES UNDER THE REGULATORY RADAR MICHAEL NERNEY and ASSOCIATES P.O. Box 93 Long Lake, NY (518)

2  Legal Issues  Federal Analogue Act  21 U.S.C Sect. 813 of the United States Controlled Substances Act, allows any chemical “substantially similar” to an illegal drug (Schedule I or II) to be treated as a Schedule I. Must be intended for human consumption.  It’s About the Money  Packaging Comments  Not for human consumption  Not for sale in the US  Not to be sold to persons under 18 CONTEXT

3  Not new development  More than 100 years  Synthesis  Extraction and synthesis since the 1850’s  Aspirin, morphine, cocaine, caffeine, nicotine  Semi-synthetics  Heroin  Analogues  A new form of designer drug  1960’s and 70’s hundreds of new drugs  80’s and 90’s new analogues each year  Tango and Cash, China White HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

4  Emotional Intensity  Ages 11 – 24 years  Amygdala  Hormones  Larger and more active  2 to 4 times THE ADOLESCENT BRAIN FACTOR https://images.nonexiste.net/popular/2012/03/30/diffusion- spectrum-imaging-reveals-an-orderly-weave-of-nerve-fibers-in-the- brain//

5  Risk Taking and Peers  Change at 13 years old  New sites appear in brain  Emotional reward for risk taking  Peer influence THE ADOLESCENT BRAIN FACTOR, CON’T.

6  Social Media  Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, YouTube  Instant information  Personal communication  Possibly anonymous  Nearly every young person has access BRAIN FACTOR, CON’T.

7  Cannabinoids  3 experimental strands:  JWH-073, JWH-018, 200, 250  CP 47, CP 80  HU-210  Clemson University  John W. Huffman THE PRODUCTS: MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS

8  Animal Studies  Medical Use of Cannabinoids  Pain management  Appetite regulation  No human clinical trials  Tested on primates and rodents MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: RESEARCH APPLICATION

9  K2, Spice, Blond, Standard, Spice Gold, Zohai, Genie  3-4 years under radar  2009 testing showed few herbal compounds  New synthetic cannabinoids discovered MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: DIVERTED TO THE PUBLIC (knockoff)

10  Not legal in NYS  Distribution  Possession MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: LEGAL STATUS selling-auction-method-work/court-gavel

11  Physical  Rapid onset  Dilated pupils  Time distortion  Speech may be confused and non-responsive MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: EFFECTS

12  Social/Emotional  Bouts of laughter  Interference with color and sound MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: EFFECTS, CON’T rdpress.com/tag/sy nesthesia/

13  Behavioral  Increased appetite  Cognitive deficiencies  In vulnerable individuals:  May lead to psychosis  May deepen depression MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: EFFECTS, CON’T

14  Addiction  Anandamide influence  High potency – more activity in CB1 and CB2 sites  May lead to dependency and addiction  Tolerance  Withdrawal  Compulsion  Loss of Control  Continued Use Despite Consequences MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: SIGNIFICANT RISKS

15  Non-responsive  High dose – no divided attention  Operation of any moving vehicle  Not attentive to environmental risks  Cognitive impact  Measurable impact on memory and learning  Potential paranoia and/or psychotic break  Testing  Requires specialized and sophisticated drug testing MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: SIGNIFICANT RISKS, CONT

16  Wicked X, Posh, Dank, K2 Compliant, Shakabuku, Kush, Bombay Blue, Aztec Gold  “Not for human consumption”  Sold as potpourri or aromatherapy  Discreet shipping  Blend of herbal compounds may include:  Canavalia rosea, Clematis vitalba, Nelumbo nucifera, Pedicularis grandifolia, Heimia salicifolia, Leonurus sibiricus and Ledum palustre, Damiana, Lavender, Baybean, Yerba Mate MARIJUANA SUBSTITUTES

17  Legal in many states  Available on reservation  Expensive product for mild high MARIJUANA SUBSTITUTES: LEGAL STATUS

18  Physical  Mild mental stimulation  Body relaxation  Social/Emotional  Relaxation  Laughter  Behavioral  Disconnected MARIJUANA SUBSTITUTES: EFFECTS

19  Lung function  Joints, blunts, pipes, bongs  Vaporizers  Unknown herbal products  Damiana  Yerba Mate  Loaded Blunts  Herbals plus smokable:  Marijuana  Heroin  Cocaine  Methamphetamine  Ketamine MARIJUANA SUBSTITUTES: RISKS

20  Diviner’s Sage  Legal Status  Source – Mexico/Florida Sun Pharm  Potency ratings  5x, 10x, 15x, 20x, 30x  Salvinorin A  Extract available  Psychoactive compound SALVIA DIVINORUM

21  Physical  Mild to moderate stimulation  5-10 minute duration  Uncoordinated  Social/Emotional  Tactile, auditory and visual hallucinations  Extended bouts of laughter  Confusion and fearfulness SALVIA DIVINORUM: EFFECTS

22  Behavioral  Restless  Non-responsive  No impulse control  At risk when unsupervised  Motor control  Depth perception SALVIA DIVINORUM: EFFECTS, CONT.

23  YouTube – Salvia Bad Trips  Highly unpredictable  Random rapid movements  Injury to self or others  Non-responsive to intervention  Fatal accidents and falls  Testing is limited SALVIA DIVINORUM: RISKS AND TESTING

24  Vanilla Skye, Red Dove, Blue Silk, Ocean Burst  Not for Human Consumption  Smoked, snorted, oral  Injected BATH SALTS

25  Contents:  Mephedrone  Plant food  Similar to amphetamine  MDPV  Similar to Ritalin  Party enhancer  Mimics ecstasy  TFMPP  Hallucinogenic  Less powerful BATH SALTS, CONT

26  Physical  Increased heart rate and blood pressure  Stimulant, high energy  Restlessness  Decreased appetite  Impaired sleep  Social/Emotional  Euphoria  Excitement  Alertness  Increased sexuality  Behavioral  Manic  Repetitive behaviors BATH SALTS: EFFECTS

27  Unpredictable  Agitation and fearfulness  Sleep deficits  Aggressive paranoia  Psychosis  Seizures  Coma  Suicidal ideation BATH SALTS: RISKS

28  Illegal to distribute or possess  Except for TFMPP  2C-I  Testing is specialized BATH SALTS: LEGAL STATUS AND TESTING

29  Alcohol treats  Pocket Shots ALCOHOL: NEW PRODUCTS

30  Malt Beverages  Malt brewed beer  Sugars  Flavors  20 – 24 ounces  7 – 13% alcohol ALCOHOL: NEW PRODUCTS, CONT.

31  Oral  Mucous membranes  Inhalation ALCOHOL: ROUTE OF ADMINISTRATION

32  Hand Sanitizer  Infused Marijuana ALCOHOL: OTHER PRODUCTS

33  Impact on Brain  Two systems activated  Stimulatory – caffeine  Biphasic – alcohol  Harvard University study  “Wide Awake Drunk” ALCOHOL AND CAFFEINE MIX.

34  Physical  Energized  Uncoordinated  30% drop in glucose uptake in motor cortex  30% drop in glucose uptake in visual cortex  Slower reaction time ALCOHOL AND CAFFEINE: RISK FACTORS

35  Behavioral  Sense of competence  Aggressive social interactions  Twice as likely to suffer physical injury  Twice as likely to get in fights  Twice as likely to be either a victim or a perpetrator of sexual assault ALCOHOL AND CAFFEINE: RISK FACTORS, CONT.

36  High risk when operating any moving vehicle  Auto/motorcycle  32% of all crashes alcohol-related  Boat  60% of fatalities alcohol-related  Bike/skateboard  High risk:  Swimming  Heights  Parties ALCOHOL AND CAFFEINE: RISK FACTORS

37  Robo-shots  Dextromethorphan  Opioid cough suppressant  Plus alcohol  Rapid and powerful intoxication  Motor control  Impulse control  Delusional ALCOHOL AND OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS

38  Oxycontin  Vicodin  Roxanol  Opana ALCOHOL AND PRESCRIPTION PAIN MEDICATIONS

39  Pain Medication  Street Drug  Routes of Administration ALCOHOL AND HEROIN

40  Addiction  Infection  Overdose RISK FACTORS

41  Molly  MDMA EMPATHOGENS Mollylicious PMMA MDMA Methamphetamine Caffeine Methylsulfonylmethan e Safrole May 26, 2012

42  2c-I Smiles  Several Fatal Events EMPATHOGENS

43  Nutmeg  Long lasting  Side effects  Hallucinogenic FROM THE KITCHEN

44 HALLUCINOGENS DMT Dimethyltriptamine Businessman's Lunch

45  Substantial uncertainty regarding actual ingredients  Possible contaminants and/or toxins  No accurate measurement of potency  Unpredictable response  No human trials  No information regarding long-term health consequences WRAP UP


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