Presentation on theme: "BARELY LEGAL: DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES UNDER THE REGULATORY RADAR MICHAEL NERNEY and ASSOCIATES P.O. Box 93 Long Lake, NY 12847-0093 (518) 624-5351"— Presentation transcript:
BARELY LEGAL: DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES UNDER THE REGULATORY RADAR MICHAEL NERNEY and ASSOCIATES P.O. Box 93 Long Lake, NY (518)
Legal Issues Federal Analogue Act 21 U.S.C Sect. 813 of the United States Controlled Substances Act, allows any chemical “substantially similar” to an illegal drug (Schedule I or II) to be treated as a Schedule I. Must be intended for human consumption. It’s About the Money Packaging Comments Not for human consumption Not for sale in the US Not to be sold to persons under 18 CONTEXT
Not new development More than 100 years Synthesis Extraction and synthesis since the 1850’s Aspirin, morphine, cocaine, caffeine, nicotine Semi-synthetics Heroin Analogues A new form of designer drug 1960’s and 70’s hundreds of new drugs 80’s and 90’s new analogues each year Tango and Cash, China White HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
Emotional Intensity Ages 11 – 24 years Amygdala Hormones Larger and more active 2 to 4 times THE ADOLESCENT BRAIN FACTOR https://images.nonexiste.net/popular/2012/03/30/diffusion- spectrum-imaging-reveals-an-orderly-weave-of-nerve-fibers-in-the- brain//
Risk Taking and Peers Change at 13 years old New sites appear in brain Emotional reward for risk taking Peer influence THE ADOLESCENT BRAIN FACTOR, CON’T.
Social Media Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, YouTube Instant information Personal communication Possibly anonymous Nearly every young person has access BRAIN FACTOR, CON’T.
Cannabinoids 3 experimental strands: JWH-073, JWH-018, 200, 250 CP 47, CP 80 HU-210 Clemson University John W. Huffman THE PRODUCTS: MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS
Animal Studies Medical Use of Cannabinoids Pain management Appetite regulation No human clinical trials Tested on primates and rodents MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: RESEARCH APPLICATION
K2, Spice, Blond, Standard, Spice Gold, Zohai, Genie 3-4 years under radar 2009 testing showed few herbal compounds New synthetic cannabinoids discovered MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: DIVERTED TO THE PUBLIC (knockoff)
Not legal in NYS Distribution Possession MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: LEGAL STATUS selling-auction-method-work/court-gavel
Physical Rapid onset Dilated pupils Time distortion Speech may be confused and non-responsive MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: EFFECTS
Social/Emotional Bouts of laughter Interference with color and sound MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: EFFECTS, CON’T rdpress.com/tag/sy nesthesia/
Behavioral Increased appetite Cognitive deficiencies In vulnerable individuals: May lead to psychosis May deepen depression MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: EFFECTS, CON’T
Addiction Anandamide influence High potency – more activity in CB1 and CB2 sites May lead to dependency and addiction Tolerance Withdrawal Compulsion Loss of Control Continued Use Despite Consequences MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: SIGNIFICANT RISKS
Non-responsive High dose – no divided attention Operation of any moving vehicle Not attentive to environmental risks Cognitive impact Measurable impact on memory and learning Potential paranoia and/or psychotic break Testing Requires specialized and sophisticated drug testing MARIJUANA SYNTHETICS: SIGNIFICANT RISKS, CONT
Wicked X, Posh, Dank, K2 Compliant, Shakabuku, Kush, Bombay Blue, Aztec Gold “Not for human consumption” Sold as potpourri or aromatherapy Discreet shipping Blend of herbal compounds may include: Canavalia rosea, Clematis vitalba, Nelumbo nucifera, Pedicularis grandifolia, Heimia salicifolia, Leonurus sibiricus and Ledum palustre, Damiana, Lavender, Baybean, Yerba Mate MARIJUANA SUBSTITUTES
Legal in many states Available on reservation Expensive product for mild high MARIJUANA SUBSTITUTES: LEGAL STATUS
Diviner’s Sage Legal Status Source – Mexico/Florida Sun Pharm Potency ratings 5x, 10x, 15x, 20x, 30x Salvinorin A Extract available Psychoactive compound SALVIA DIVINORUM
Physical Mild to moderate stimulation 5-10 minute duration Uncoordinated Social/Emotional Tactile, auditory and visual hallucinations Extended bouts of laughter Confusion and fearfulness SALVIA DIVINORUM: EFFECTS
Behavioral Restless Non-responsive No impulse control At risk when unsupervised Motor control Depth perception SALVIA DIVINORUM: EFFECTS, CONT.
YouTube – Salvia Bad Trips Highly unpredictable Random rapid movements Injury to self or others Non-responsive to intervention Fatal accidents and falls Testing is limited SALVIA DIVINORUM: RISKS AND TESTING
Vanilla Skye, Red Dove, Blue Silk, Ocean Burst Not for Human Consumption Smoked, snorted, oral Injected BATH SALTS
Contents: Mephedrone Plant food Similar to amphetamine MDPV Similar to Ritalin Party enhancer Mimics ecstasy TFMPP Hallucinogenic Less powerful BATH SALTS, CONT
Hand Sanitizer Infused Marijuana ALCOHOL: OTHER PRODUCTS
Impact on Brain Two systems activated Stimulatory – caffeine Biphasic – alcohol Harvard University study “Wide Awake Drunk” ALCOHOL AND CAFFEINE MIX.
Physical Energized Uncoordinated 30% drop in glucose uptake in motor cortex 30% drop in glucose uptake in visual cortex Slower reaction time ALCOHOL AND CAFFEINE: RISK FACTORS
Behavioral Sense of competence Aggressive social interactions Twice as likely to suffer physical injury Twice as likely to get in fights Twice as likely to be either a victim or a perpetrator of sexual assault ALCOHOL AND CAFFEINE: RISK FACTORS, CONT.
High risk when operating any moving vehicle Auto/motorcycle 32% of all crashes alcohol-related Boat 60% of fatalities alcohol-related Bike/skateboard High risk: Swimming Heights Parties ALCOHOL AND CAFFEINE: RISK FACTORS
Robo-shots Dextromethorphan Opioid cough suppressant Plus alcohol Rapid and powerful intoxication Motor control Impulse control Delusional ALCOHOL AND OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS
Substantial uncertainty regarding actual ingredients Possible contaminants and/or toxins No accurate measurement of potency Unpredictable response No human trials No information regarding long-term health consequences WRAP UP