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European Contract Law Lecture I: European Union Fryderyk Zoll.

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Presentation on theme: "European Contract Law Lecture I: European Union Fryderyk Zoll."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Contract Law Lecture I: European Union Fryderyk Zoll

2 European Union

3 European Union source: Wikipedia SignedIn forceDocumentSignedIn forceDocument Brussels Treaty Brussels Treaty Paris Treaty Paris Treaty Modified Brussels Treaty Modified Brussels Treaty Rome treaties Rome treaties Merger Treaty Merger Treaty 1975 N/A European Council conclusion European Council conclusion Scheng en Treaty Scheng en Treaty Single European Act Single European Act Maastricht Treaty Maastricht Treaty Amsterdam Treaty Amsterdam Treaty Nice Treaty Nice Treaty Lisbon Treaty Lisbon Treaty

4 European Union Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on the European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (OJ C 306, ). Supremacy of Union law The limits of Union competences Legal personality of the EU Participatory democracy

5 European Union The Charter of Fundamental Rights Increased flexibility and enhanced cooperation The role of national parliaments Common security and defence policy (CSDP) o/data/how/evolution/article_7164_en.htm

6 Institutions of the EU the European Parliament,European Parliament the Council of the European Union,Council of the European Union the European Commission,European Commission the European Council,European Council the European Central Bank,European Central Bank the Court of Justice of the European UnionCourt of Justice of the European Union the European Court of AuditorsEuropean Court of Auditors

7 European Parliament Legislative procedure Budget Supervisory powers

8 European Commission Executive power Legislative initiative Enforcement

9 European Court of Justice Actions for failure to fulfil obligations: infringement procedure – (Article 258 (ex Article 226) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union)Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union Actions for annulment under Article 263 (ex Article 230) Application for compensation based on non-contractual liability under Article 268 Actions for failure to act under Article 265 (ex Article 232) Appeals on points of law under Article 256 (ex Article 225) References for a preliminary ruling under Article 267 (ex Article 234)

10 European Court of Justice General Court (former Court of the First Instance) Actions for annulment Actions for damages Actions based on an arbitration clause

11 Sources of law Primary sources of the European Law: Treaty on European Union (TEU) Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)

12 Sources of Law Secondary sources of the EU law Regulations under Article 288 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC).Treaty on the Functioning of the European UnionTEC Directives under Article 288 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC).Treaty on the Functioning of the European UnionTEC Recommendations under Article 288 of the Treaty on European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC)Treaty on European UnionTEC Decisions under Article 288 of the Treaty on European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC)Treaty on European UnionTEC


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