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European Contract Law Lecture I: European Union Fryderyk Zoll.

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Presentation on theme: "European Contract Law Lecture I: European Union Fryderyk Zoll."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Contract Law Lecture I: European Union Fryderyk Zoll

2 European Union

3 European Union source: Wikipedia SignedIn forceDocumentSignedIn forceDocument 1948 1948 Brussels Treaty Brussels Treaty 1951 1952 Paris Treaty Paris Treaty 1954 1955 Modified Brussels Treaty Modified Brussels Treaty 1957 1958 Rome treaties Rome treaties 1965 1967 Merger Treaty Merger Treaty 1975 N/A European Council conclusion European Council conclusion 1985 1985 Scheng en Treaty Scheng en Treaty 1986 1987 Single European Act Single European Act 1992 1993 Maastricht Treaty Maastricht Treaty 1997 1999 Amsterdam Treaty Amsterdam Treaty 2001 2003 Nice Treaty Nice Treaty 20072009Lisbon Treaty20072009Lisbon Treaty

4 European Union Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on the European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (OJ C 306, 17.12.2007). Supremacy of Union law The limits of Union competences Legal personality of the EU Participatory democracy

5 European Union The Charter of Fundamental Rights Increased flexibility and enhanced cooperation The role of national parliaments Common security and defence policy (CSDP) http://circa.europa.eu/irc/opoce/fact_sheets/inf o/data/how/evolution/article_7164_en.htm

6 Institutions of the EU the European Parliament,European Parliament the Council of the European Union,Council of the European Union the European Commission,European Commission the European Council,European Council the European Central Bank,European Central Bank the Court of Justice of the European UnionCourt of Justice of the European Union the European Court of AuditorsEuropean Court of Auditors

7 European Parliament Legislative procedure Budget Supervisory powers

8 European Commission Executive power Legislative initiative Enforcement

9 European Court of Justice Actions for failure to fulfil obligations: infringement procedure – (Article 258 (ex Article 226) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union)Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union Actions for annulment under Article 263 (ex Article 230) Application for compensation based on non-contractual liability under Article 268 Actions for failure to act under Article 265 (ex Article 232) Appeals on points of law under Article 256 (ex Article 225) References for a preliminary ruling under Article 267 (ex Article 234)

10 European Court of Justice General Court (former Court of the First Instance) Actions for annulment Actions for damages Actions based on an arbitration clause

11 Sources of law Primary sources of the European Law: Treaty on European Union (TEU) Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU)

12 Sources of Law Secondary sources of the EU law Regulations under Article 288 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC).Treaty on the Functioning of the European UnionTEC Directives under Article 288 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC).Treaty on the Functioning of the European UnionTEC Recommendations under Article 288 of the Treaty on European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC)Treaty on European UnionTEC Decisions under Article 288 of the Treaty on European Union (formerly Article 249 TEC)Treaty on European UnionTEC


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