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MINJUR DORJI, CE ENGINEERING DIVISION, MOAF AUGUST 2010 Agriculture Infrastructure: Retrospect and Prospects.

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Presentation on theme: "MINJUR DORJI, CE ENGINEERING DIVISION, MOAF AUGUST 2010 Agriculture Infrastructure: Retrospect and Prospects."— Presentation transcript:

1 MINJUR DORJI, CE ENGINEERING DIVISION, MOAF AUGUST 2010 Agriculture Infrastructure: Retrospect and Prospects

2 Presentation Outline Institutional Background 10FYP objectives and targets Key stakeholders: their roles & responsibilities MoAF’s support programs to DES Issues concerning Agriculture Infrastructures Way Forward Discussions Points

3 Institutional Background Until 2000 MoAF maintained 2-3 engineers in each d/khag. Restructuring in 2000 merged all engineers under the MoWHS Currently 26 engineers in MoAF Main program are Farm Roads, Irrigation and Building Constructions

4 Organogram of the Engineering Division Chief Engineer Irrigation Section Farm Road Section Building Section CMU HO Bumthnag Branch Office Khangma Branch Office Gelephu Engg. Office at RDCs Mongar, Bajo &Bhur

5 10FYP Program Objectives & Targets Irrigation: Objectives  To increase wetland under dry season irrigation  To promote water harvesting, drip and sprinkler irrigation  To explore ground water and large scale irrigation Target  New-1016km  Renovation-1269km

6 10FYP Program Objectives & Targets-contd Farm Roads: Objective  To reduce proportion of rural population living more than 1hrs walk from road head from % Target  New Construction-3268km  Rehabilitation (under GOI Small Development Project)- 255km

7 10FYP Program Objectives & Targets-contd

8 Key stakeholders: their roles & responsibilities MoAF  Provide policy guidelines on agriculture infrastructure development  Setting up technical standards and specifications for farm road, irrigation and other civil constructions  National planning and programming of agriculture infrastructure development under central and area development projects

9 Key stakeholders: their roles & responsibilities MoAF-contd  Provide technical assistance in survey, design and estimate of farm road, irrigation and other civil constructions  Provide relevant trainings to d/khag engineers on irrigation and farm roads  Conduct periodic monitoring and reporting of agriculture infrastructure to Ministry and government  Provide CMU machinery to dzongkhags for construction of farm roads

10 Key stakeholders: their roles & responsibilities DoR Is responsible for setting up design standards for all road development in the country, as per the Road Act 2004 Under 10th Plan- is responsible for survey and design of all Gewog-connecting farm roads Design and estimate of farm road bridges

11 Key stakeholder: their roles & responsibilities Dzongkhags and Geogs (DES and DAO)  Prepare FY/annual plans and budget  Carry out pre-feasibility studies  Implement infrastructure programs  Supervision and quality control  Physical and financial reporting

12 MoAF support to strengthen DES Trained about 268 engineers on FR/Irrigation related activities from 07 through 10 Initiated outsourcing of survey/design and supervision of FR Capacity Produced revised FR guidelines, specifications and maintenance manuals Revised National Irrigation Policy to improve irrigation and water management Implementation- software part Provides earth moving equipments for FR construction Another 20 excavator and other machinery worth 597ml yen expected next April A total station each will be supplied to 20 d/khags next month for survey/design Current ADP infrastructure projects-ADB, WB,IFAD, GoI, Danish Mixed Credit Implementation- hardware part

13 Current Farm Road Status

14 Current Farm Road Status -cont Households and FR network as of 2009 Least connected (HH/ km FR)Best connected (HH/km FR) Samtse ( 314 )Punakha (21) Samdrup Jongkhar (280)Lhuentse (27) Chukha (160)Trongsa (29) Sarpang (139)Bumthang (30) Thimphu(104)

15 Current Farm Road Status -cont Households and FR network by 2013 By the end of 10 FYP, on average a km of farm road would serve 19 numbers of HH. And that number would be even less if we consider the roads under DoR, current rural-urban migration trend, whereby the number of rural households might get even fewer. Least connected (HH/ km FR)Best connected (HH/ km FR) Punakha (7) Sarpang ( 57 )Paro (8) Samtse (54)Mongar (9) Thimphu (51)S/Jongkhar (13) Zhemgang (13) Wangdue (14)

16 Issues concerning Implementation of Agriculture Infrastructures Weak institutional linkage between DES and Engg Division, MoAF Decentralization of infrastructure programs to Geog Lack of manpower and capacity at d/khags and geogs for proper planning & pre-feasibility studies of FR and irrigation programs Beneficiary contribution causing delays in a development of irrigation schemes DES no more involved in irrigation software parts

17 Issues concerning Implementation of Agriculture Infrastructures-cont Quality vs quantity of FR As of June 2009, we have a total of 1364 km of Farm Roads and PTTs As per the 10 FYP document, we would have 4632 km of FR by 2013 Lack of commitment by various stakeholder to maintain FR Difficult to maintain lengthy farm roads (>15km) Environment Clearance Capacity building-whose responsibility? Roads Right of Way for FRs

18 Way Forward Roads to gewog centres once completed, must be considered as Feeder Road and handed over to the Department of Roads, MoWHS for maintenance A Road Master Plan for all types of road would not only give a holistic plan but also save lot of duplication and resources. It would be a worthy trial to allocate an excavator to each Dzongkhag for maintenance of Farm Roads. Decentralize Environmental clearance to d/kahgs

19 Way Forward It is proposed that all FR longer than 15 km must be upgraded to Feeder Roads, and therefore maintained by the Government. It is more realistic to expect communities to maintain roads that are less than 15 kms Appropriate forum should be established amongst engineering agencies to interact and thrash out cross cutting issues Specialization of engineers in road, irrigation and building needs to be looked into to improve quality of construction Separate engineers for MoAF or at least RNR focal engineers in each dzongkhag

20 Discussion Points Is there a need to review decentralization of infrastructure programs to geog level? Should we take roads to every scattered households or whether some households should move to where facilities already exist? Shouldn’t we consider specialization of engineers? Should MoAF have its own engineer/or at least two focal engineer (one for FR & building and another for irrigation) in each dzongkhags? Should each d/khag be alloted one payloader each to maintain FRs? Measurement Book-is it really required (recurrent issue)? Decentralization of EC for FR/Irrigation to d/khags

21 Thank You & Tashi Delek


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