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Nuclear power program in ASIA/ASEAN and the Malaysian experience Noramly Muslim UKM Anas Muhamad Pauzi, UNITEN Syukri Yahya, KAIST.

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Presentation on theme: "Nuclear power program in ASIA/ASEAN and the Malaysian experience Noramly Muslim UKM Anas Muhamad Pauzi, UNITEN Syukri Yahya, KAIST."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nuclear power program in ASIA/ASEAN and the Malaysian experience Noramly Muslim UKM Anas Muhamad Pauzi, UNITEN Syukri Yahya, KAIST

2 Outline Worldwide Asia ASEAN +3 ASEAN Malaysia

3 Worldwide Asia ASEAN +3 ASEAN Malaysia

4 Worldwide - Asia Comparison Nuclear Reactor ASIA and Worldwide Operable: Connected to the grid; Under Construction: First concrete for reactor poured, or major refurbishment under way; Planned:Approvals, funding or major commitment in place, mostly expected in operation within 8-10 years; Proposed: Specific program or site proposals, expected operation mostly within 15 years.

5 Worldwide Asia ASEAN +3 ASEAN Malaysia

6 Asia Land area: 44 million km 2 Countries: 49 Population : billion (60% world pol - Population density: 87/km 2 GDP -Nominal: USD 20 trillion

7 Asia Asia Non -Asia NPP Planned NPP Under Construction Asia Non -Asia CountriesN Reactor China28 India7 Japan4* South Korea3 Pakistan2 UAE2 CountriesN Reactor CountriesNReacto r China49UAE2 India18Banglades h 2 Japan9*Indonesia2 South Korea 6Kazakhsta n 2 Vietnam4Iran1 Turkey4Jordan1

8 Worldwide Asia ASEAN +3 ASEAN Malaysia

9 ASEAN and ASEAN +3 ASEAN 1)Malaysia 2) Indonesia 3) Thailand 4) Singapore 5) Philippines 6) Brunei 7) Vietnam 8) Myanmar 9) Laos 10) Cambodia +3 China Japan Korea Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

10 Common Markets? ASEAN/ASEAN+3 and the EU ASEANASEAN +3European Union 10 countries13 Countries27 Countries 615 million population3.0 Billion population500 million population USD 2.3 trillion GDPUSD 16.5 trillion GDPUSD 18 trillion GDP Power demand growth (6—9%/year) Power demand growth (6—9%/year) Power demand growth (1—2.5%/year)

11 Comparison ASEAN +3 and EU ASEAN +3European Union ASEAN Action Plans ASEAN +3 (Future Cooperations) Treaty embraced all nuclear activities ASEAN (Weak political will) ASEAN +3 (Strong Institutions and political will) Strong institution with political will ASEAN basic infrastructure and RnD (Research reactors), power grid ASEAN +3 (Strong infrastructure, RnD, nuclear engineering capabilities, nuclear fuel cycle) Strong and independent nuclear engineering, construction, and nuclear fuel cycle, strong RnD and Power Grid commitment National commitments and nascent Regional Cooperation US, European and Russian Commitment

12 Worldwide Asia ASEAN +3 ASEAN Malaysia

13 ASEAN Land area : 4.46 million km 2 (3% of world land area) Population: 601 million (8.8% of world population) GDP total : USD $3.084 trillion (ninth largest) GDP per capita : USD $5,131 * data as of 2012

14 BACKGROUND OF ASEAN AND IMPACT OF 2011 NUCLEAR ACCIDENT

15 ASEAN Energy Resources Source: EC-ASEAN COGEN III

16 ASEAN Fuels for Power Generation

17 ASEAN Power Grid – Geopolitical Issues The needs for nuclear energy may be reduced with ASEAN Power Grid (emulating Euro Energy Grid) Existing Interconnection Pen Malaysia –Singapore Pen Malaysia – Thailand Possible Interconnection Pen Malaysia – Sarawak Pen Malaysia - Sumatera

18 Indonesia Before Fukushima: Most prep work in Phase 1 completed. Ready to pursue Phase 2. After Fukushima: Active prep but NO final decision. Source: Wikipedia

19 Before Fukushima: 5 units (1 st COD 2020) After Fukushima: Deferred Thailand Source: Wikipedia

20 Before Fukushima: PFS on nuclear energy (no COD target). After Fukushima: “Fukushima crisis would not derail Singapore’s pre-feasibility study on nuclear energy” - Senior Minister of State for Trade, Industry and Education, Apr Singapore Source: Wikipedia

21 Before Fukushima: Bataan NPP mothballed in After Fukushima: Not planning, but expressed interest. The Philippines Source: Wikipedia

22 Before Fukushima: Ninh Tuan NPP, 4 units (1 st COD 2020) After Fukushima: Vietnam moves ahead with the nuclear plans despite Fukushima Vietnam Source: Wikipedia

23 Source: EC-ASEAN COGEN III ASEAN Tariff (€ cents/kWh)

24 Will ASEAN Go Nuclear? On Going ProgramConsideringNo Plan VietnamMyanmarBrunei Darussalam IndonesiaCambodia MalaysiaLaos Thailand Singapore Philippines

25 Worldwide Asia ASEAN +3 ASEAN Malaysia

26 Malaysia Map of Malaysia with population distribution Source: Wikipedia

27 Energy Production, Supply Chain and Regional Demand in Malaysia

28 Need for Nuclear Energy in Peninsular

29 National Electricity Generation Capacity & Fuel- Mix Projection

30 Plan for first NPP

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34 TARGET MILESTONES FOR NUCLEAR POWER DEVELOPMENT IN MALAYSIA MILESTONE 1: JUNE 2009 Ready to make a knowledgeable commitment to a nuclear power programme Cabinet decision for nuclear energy to be a fuel option post MILESTONE 2: 2015 Ready to invite bids for the first nuclear power plant based on the timeline for EPP11 under OGE sector in the ETP. MILESTONE 3 : 2021 Ready to commission and operate the first nuclear power plant based on the timeline for EPP11 under OGE sector in the ETP. 34

35 Thank You.


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