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Reading by STAAR-light Kaye Price-Hawkins Edgewood ISD – August 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Reading by STAAR-light Kaye Price-Hawkins Edgewood ISD – August 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reading by STAAR-light Kaye Price-Hawkins Edgewood ISD – August 2013

2 PERSUASIVE BAKER’S DOZEN (13) 1. Address Objections/Opposition 2. Anecdote (Story, imagery) 3. Appeals to Associations, Emotion, Values 4. Analogy/Comparison 5. Call to Action 6. Dialogue (quotations) 7. Exaggeration (Hyperbole) 8. Explanation of Arguments 9. Facts and statistics 10. Hypothetical Words and Situations 11. Language/Word choice 12. Repetition 13. Rhetorical Question

3 Embrace Life – Seat Belt Commercial P ERSUASIVE P OWER :

4 STAAR 2011 S AMPLE P ROMPT FOR P ERSUASIVE Read the information in the box below. Some argue that our so-called information age is really an “interruption age.” With smart phones in hand, we spend much of the day texting, tweeting, and surfing the Web. Rather than concentrating on big issues, we fill our heads with the trivia and gossip that interrupts our attention. So much information passes our way that we have trouble remembering any of it. Do you believe that instant communication is helping or hurting us? Think carefully about this question. Write an essay stating your position on whether you believe that we live in an information age or an interruption age. (Continued on the next slide)

5 P ERSUASIVE SAMPLE, CONTINUED Be sure to— state your position clearly use appropriate organization provide specific support for your argument choose your words carefully edit your writing for grammar, mechanics, and spelling

6 Texting has become like breathing. We do it constantly and can almost not function without it. With the huge amount of technology and instant communication we have today, our dependency on our smart phones, computers, etc. has become detrimental to human beings. The vast amount of useless information available to us has become harmful to us socially as well as intelectually. The “information age” has changed the way we interact with each other. Our dependency on technology to communicate with each other is so great that holding a simple conversation with a person has become impossible. In restaurants and other public places, couples and groups of friends have their phones out – texting, calling, twittering, facebooking, you name it. It’s become an obsession. Not only have our toys affected the way we communicate, but they have also affected the way we think. People’s past times today are commonly spent on the internet or on their phones rather than with a book or with family. We’ve lost interest in the things that stimulate our minds and turned our attention towards things that preoccupy us, filling our heads with useless information. Our focus has turned away from the beneficial and towards the unimportant. As cool as modern technology may be, it has caused our world to change completely – and not for the better. Our time has become constantly wasted. Handwritten paper is 26 lines.

7 A NALYSIS OF P ERSUASIVE E SSAY Facts/relevant examples Facts/relevant examples Quotations/ Believable experts (Ethos) Quotations/ Believable experts (Ethos) Logical reasoning (Logos) Logical reasoning (Logos) Argument/ convincing language (Pathos) Argument/ convincing language (Pathos) HEADING FOR THE PAPER Facts/Relevant Quotations/Believable examples experts (Ethos) examples experts (Ethos) Question/Issue Question/Issue Logical Position Argument/ Reasoning Convincing language (Logos) (Pathos) BACK: Top: Introduction/Conclusion Quadrants: Meaningful transitions, Powerful statement, Most effective (least effective) support and why, Reading question

8 Short Answer Rubrics Single Selection Score Point 3 — Exemplary Responses to the Question indicate an accomplished reading performance and have the following characteristics:  The idea is perceptive and reflects an awareness of the complexities of the text. The student is able to develop a coherent explanation of the idea by making discerning connections across the text.  The text evidence used to support the idea is specific and well chosen. Overall, the evidence strongly supports the validity of the idea.  The combination of the idea and the text evidence demonstrates a deep understanding of the text. Connecting Selections Score Point 3—Exemplary Responses to the Question indicate an accomplished reading performance and have the following characteristics:  For both selections, the idea is perceptive and reflects an awareness of the complexities of the text. The student is able to develop a coherent explanation of the idea by making discerning connections across both selections.  For both selections, the text evidence that is used to support the idea is specific and well chosen. Overall, the evidence strongly supports the validity of the idea.  For both selections, the combination of the idea and the text evidence demon- strates a deep understanding of the text.

9 A Answer with insight! A hint of wisdom or universality shows an answer with depth. Aware of text complexity, explain the answer by going beyond the obvious. The best answer is not superficial! B Back-up! Support your answer with specific and well-chosen textual evidence (quoted text should use quotation marks). Your text support may be a paraphrase of your answer but not a duplicate. C Connect the idea and the text evidence to demonstrate a deep understanding of the text. Embed the quotes with the explanation of the answer if possible for tighter construction. Did you construct your sentence around the text? D Don’t forget: Most 3’s are well-worded and well-constructed; the perceptive answer is focused and supported. Remember: Two selections demand support from BOTH selections. Analyze the STAAR Short Answer Response:

10 Sample Single Selection Short Answer – 3 How would you describe Paul in the excerpt from The Custom of the Country? Support your answer with evidence from the selection.

11 Sample Single Selection Short Answer – 3 How would you describe Paul in the excerpt from The Custom of the Country. Support your answer with evidence from the selection.

12 Sample Connecting Selections Short Answer – 3 Do you think Jaime Teevan in “2009 Young Innovators Under 35: Jaime Teevan, 32” and Barry Bingham, Jr., in “Digital Dad Versus the Dinosaurs” have anything in common? Explain your answer and support it with evidence from both selections.

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14 Short Answer Single Selection How does the author’s style of writing (his diction/choice of words) in Eugene Robinson’s article help advance the author’s purpose? Explain your answer and support it with evidence from the selection. Connecting Selections What logical connections can be made between the ideas and details in “Them” and in Eugene Robinson’s article? Explain your answer and support it with evidence from both selections.

15 Persuasive Essay Prompt – Privacy Issues Write an essay stating your position on whether citizens in a democratic society should expect complete privacy or governmental monitoring of communications. Be sure to— state your position clearly use appropriate organization provide specific support for your argument choose your words carefully edit your writing for grammar, mechanics, and spelling

16 Expository Essay Prompt – Privacy Issues Write an essay explaining why governmental monitoring of communications is sometimes necessary. Be sure to— state your position clearly use appropriate organization provide specific support for your argument choose your words carefully edit your writing for grammar, mechanics, and spelling

17 Revision and Editing Content: –Introduction—hook! –Conclusion—call to action or request –Idea and stance –Reasons Support Details Emotional appeal Examples Format: –Capitalization –Usage (verbs, adverbs, adjectives) –Sentence Structure Complete thoughts Combined well Variety –Spelling


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