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Mental Health Americas Regional Policy Council Forum at the National Press Club Washington, DC December 12, 2003 Charles Curie, The Curie Group, LLC Presenter.

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Presentation on theme: "Mental Health Americas Regional Policy Council Forum at the National Press Club Washington, DC December 12, 2003 Charles Curie, The Curie Group, LLC Presenter."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mental Health Americas Regional Policy Council Forum at the National Press Club Washington, DC December 12, 2003 Charles Curie, The Curie Group, LLC Presenter

2 2 I Love it when a plan comes together ! The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

3 HealthPass in Philadelphia (demonstration model). Voluntary Managed Care in Southeast. Physical Health Managed Care Organizations subcontract for BH services. Third Leg of Profit; money did not reach individual; huge profits. Philadelphia Inquirer expose. Primarily FFS in remainder of state. Integrated; all FFS. No care management. Increased costs. No coordination. Setting the stage for HealthChoices. Ridge Administration, legislature/bi-partisan support and implementation of Behavioral Health/HealthChoices. 3 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

4 State Plan Services, cost-effective alternatives and supplemental services available. Consumer/Family Satisfaction Team (C/FST) in every contract. Reinvestment of savings at the local level; must be committed to behavioral health and targeted to Medicaid population. Performance measurement system. 4 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

5 Program is statewide; 10 years to fully implement. BH program began in 1997; phased in through 2007. 43 counties (joinders/multi-counties) accepted the right of first opportunity; mixture of ASO and county risk-sharing arrangements. 23 counties (rural): state contract; 1 county (southwest zone): state contract. Five current BHMCO contractors/subcontractors. Unified systems strategy to support programs across all funding streams, including closure of state hospitals, and children in dependency, delinquency system. 5 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

6 Increase access. Improve quality of services. Stabilize Medicaid funding. 6 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

7 Managed program costs below anticipated fee-for-service trend; administrative costs are low. Four billion dollars in savings. Continues to serve more people and has maintained a focus on those with the most need. Access exceeds national benchmarks for persons with serious mental illness. Continues to provide a wider array of services in less restrictive settings. Increased drug and alcohol provider network by over 500 programs. Reinvestment opportunities have sparked innovative practices and cost effective alternatives to current practices. Less restrictive alternative services increased by 400%. 7 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

8 Increased the number of people served. Maintained commitment to serving persons with serious mental illness. Provider networks expanded; able to access beyond county/state borders. Drug and alcohol services increase as program matures. Responsive cost effective alternative services (supplemental) developed. 8 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

9 In PA, role of county government has been critical to the success of the program. C/FSTs feedback increasingly influencing local systems. Extensive QM program; identify barriers and implement performance improvement. Innovative program development has occurred. Performance Base Contracting project report allows statewide comparisons. 9 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

10 Rate Setting – Methodology updated as program matured. – Incorporated risk-sharing arrangements in new zones to increase financial predictability. – Moved from FFS data to MCO encounter data to reflect programs managed care experience. Encounter data allows for detailed analysis required by initiatives such as provider profiling, supplemental services, and program dashboard. – Explicit profit/reinvestment component is not built into the rates, rather profit/reinvestment is gained via efficient care management or other program efficiencies. 10 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

11 11 HealthChoices Savings The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

12 12 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

13 As we consider how to realize the integration of behavioral health services with general healthcare, we need to be careful not to rush to integrated care without thoroughly considering what we want to gain and clearly identifying what we do not want to lose. Charles Curie 13 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

14 People with behavioral health conditions are at higher risk for physical illness and disability, and the cost of medical care for them is, on average, much higher than the cost of medical care for people without behavioral health conditions (United Hospital Fund in New York City report). Medicaid recipients with mental health conditions are 30-60% more likely to have hypertension, heart disease, pulmonary disorders, diabetes, and dementia. People with substance abuse conditions are 50-300% more likely to have heart disease, pulmonary disorders, and HIV/AIDs. 14 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

15 15 Physical /Behavioral Health Behavioral health is a part of overall health; good health outcomes are important to an individuals recovery. Integration of good health habits, prevention activities, and specific physical health interventions are best achieved through local collaborations and navigator systems. Good health outcomes can be achieved within the existing PA behavioral health system design. The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

16 16 Physical /Behavioral Health Projects supporting integration of services and supports for individuals with physical health (medical) and behavioral health needs happening across the state in urban, rural, and suburban settings. Co-locations; collaborations; shared staff models; health home development; shared health records. PA collaboration with the Center for Health Care Strategies. The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

17 HealthChoices Health Connections An innovative model to better integrate physical and behavioral health care for the identified population. Demonstrate outcomes improvements. Reduce health care costs. Document the process for replication. 17 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

18 18 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

19 Children & youth are being treated with psychotropic medications that have only been approved through clinical trials with adults. Children and youth are still developing. Little is known about the impact of medications on their development. Many children & youth are taking multiple medications without benefit of positive outcomes. The use of multiple prescriptions increases the likelihood of drug interactions and other adverse effects. Side effects include weight gain, cardiovascular disease, insulin resistance, neurological and other issues. Medications can prevent the development of psychosocial strategies and interpersonal skills. Inappropriate use of medications can lead to false expectations from family, school personnel, and other caretakers. 19 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

20 Children & youth die as the result of inappropriate psychotropic medication Psychotropic meds have become a new source of supplemental income Psychotropic meds are related to crime & violence Psychotropic meds may be treating the prescriber rather than the patient! The issue is everybodys business! 20 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

21 21 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

22 Should primary care physicians be required to obtain a second opinion from a child psychiatrist or psychiatrist before prescribing psychotropics to children or youth? Should health plans be required to institute prior authorization for prescribing psychotropics to kids? Should off-label prescribing be prohibited entirely? Can health plans be required to monitor off-label prescribing of these medications? Can pharma be required to produce easy-to- understand guides for parents regarding medications? Could medical boards require courses in psychopharmacology and mental health first aid as a requirement for license renewal? 22 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013

23 Structure of accountability addressing the needs of people and children with the most serious and persistent disorders Access to quality, appropriate care Implementation of evidence-based services Cost containment = sustainability Learn from BHMC carve-outs 23 The Curie Group, LLC, December 2013


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