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ACCESS TO FRESH SURFACE WATER UNDER CLIMATE CHANGE CASE STUDY: BLACK SEA WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICT, BULGARIA Panka Babukova – master student in Management.

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Presentation on theme: "ACCESS TO FRESH SURFACE WATER UNDER CLIMATE CHANGE CASE STUDY: BLACK SEA WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICT, BULGARIA Panka Babukova – master student in Management."— Presentation transcript:

1 ACCESS TO FRESH SURFACE WATER UNDER CLIMATE CHANGE CASE STUDY: BLACK SEA WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICT, BULGARIA Panka Babukova – master student in Management of the Hydro-climatic Resources Faculty of Geology and Geography, Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski

2 CLIMATE CHANGE AFFECTING QUANTITY OF WATER RESOURCES

3 ANNUAL PRECIPITATION CHANGE IN EUROPE 1990 - 2000 Source: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/annual-precipitation-changes-in-europe-for-the-period-1900-2000

4 PROJECTED CHANGE IN SUMMER PRECIPITATION TO 2080 Source: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/projected-change-in-summer-precipitation-in-europe-up-to-2080

5 BLACK SEA WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICT IN BULGARIA

6 Location Source: Water Management Plan, Black Sea WMD

7 BLACK SEA WMD IN NUMBERS: Area: 20 760 km² (18.7% of Bulgarian territory); Population: 1 339 999 persons /2007/ (17.5% of Bulgarian population); GDP: 7 816 345 thousand BGN (15.8% of Bulgarian GDP); GVA: 6 389 501 thousand BGN (15.8% of Bulgarian GVA). Source: Water Management Plan, Black Sea WMD

8 ANTHROPOGENIC IMACT ON QUANTITY OF WATER RESOURCES

9 MAIN WATER CONSUMERS Total used water (without cooling water) 2003 - 2007: 935 345 thousand m³ SectorTotal used water 2003 - 2007 (thousand m³) Average per year (thousand m³) Share Total used water (without cooling water) 935 345187 069100 % Industry (without cooling) 588 790117 75862.95 % Agriculture and forestry (including fishery) 35 4857096.983.79 % *irrigation: 66.73% Households220 44044 087.923.57 % Service sector90 63118 126.29.69 % *tourism: 34.85% Source: Water Management Plan, Black Sea WMD

10 QUANTITATIVE STATE OF THE FRESH WATER RESOURCES Renewable freshwater /1930/31–2002/03/: 2412,9.10^6 m³; 12, 5% from national resources; 2 477 м³ per capita /2003/ /Lazarov, Ziapkov, 2003/.

11 CLIMATE CHANGES IN THE REGION

12 CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT: TEMPERATURE Source: Zlatunova D. Sustainable Water Use under Climate Change /Case Study in Bulgaria/

13 CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACT: PRECIPITATION Source: Zlatunova D. Sustainable Water Use under Climate Change /Case Study in Bulgaria/ Correlation value: 0, 52

14 AVAILABLE FRESH WATER RESOURCES Extreme years with high and low water-level Source: Zlatunova D. Sustainable Water Use under Climate Change /Case Study in Bulgaria/ WMDWET YEARSDRY YEARS Black sea 1955/561954/551966/671989/901948/491984/85 R (10 6 m3)3660.03606.93465.6468.5522.1635.1 P % of normal 10512011592 61 78 Bulgaria1962/631954/551955/561989/901993/941992/93 R (10 6 m3)33590.732294.431194.25996.27085.57103.9 P % of normal 113142106688590

15 AVAILABLE FRESH WATER RESOURCES Water manageme nt districts Years with:Water resources 10 6 m 3 Total Water Abstraction 10 6 m 3 Rates of water abstraction (%) Black SeaHigh water level3660.0374.010.2 Average water level 2412.815.5 Low water level468.5 79.8 BulgariaHigh water level33590.73341.09.9 Average water level 19228.617.4 Low water level5996.255.7 Source: Zlatunova D. Sustainable Water Use under Climate Change /Case Study in Bulgaria/

16 WATER LOSSES AND SUPPLY RESTRICTION Source: National Statistical Institute Bulgaria

17 CONCLUSIONS AND PROGNOSIS Increase of urban population Growing life standard More water supplied population Increased irrigation water by 10% - 20% Industry remains in stagnation INCREASED WATER CONSUMPTION DECREASE OF THE WATER RESOURCES Conflict People - EnvironmentConflict People - People Positive temperature anomalies Periods of decreased precipitation

18 THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!


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