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Comparative performance of winter wheat genotypes under dryland and irrigated environments R.C. Sharma 1, A.I. Morgounov 2, H.J. Braun 2, B. Akin 2, M.

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Presentation on theme: "Comparative performance of winter wheat genotypes under dryland and irrigated environments R.C. Sharma 1, A.I. Morgounov 2, H.J. Braun 2, B. Akin 2, M."— Presentation transcript:

1 Comparative performance of winter wheat genotypes under dryland and irrigated environments R.C. Sharma 1, A.I. Morgounov 2, H.J. Braun 2, B. Akin 2, M. Keser 1, D. Bedoshvili 1,2, A. Bagci 3, M. van Ginkel 1, A. Yahyaoui 1, S. Rajaram 1 1 ICARDA; 2 CIMMYT; 3 Celcuk Univ., Turkey

2 Abbreviations IWWIP : International Winter Wheat Improvement Program IWWYT : International Winter Wheat Yield Trial SA : Semi-arid IR : Irrigated CWANA: Central and West Asia and North Africa

3 International Winter Wheat Program (IWWIP) Cooperative winter wheat breeding program: Ministry of Agric. and Rural Affairs, Turkey CIMMYT ICARDA

4 0.6 Mha 6.5 Mha 4.0 Mha 0.4 Mha 3.9 Mha 0.8 Mha

5

6 Objectives Compare grain yield of wheat genotypes targeted to irrigated and semi-arid environments in the IWWIP Examine high yielding wheat genotypes under low and high productive environments for their specific and broad adaptation

7 Materials and Methods IWWYT – SA IWWYT – IR Comparison of grain yield levels of genotypes in IWWYT-SA and IWWYT-IR evaluated under similar management conditions Comparison of grain yield levels of genotypes in IWWYT-SA tested under low and high productive environments

8 Edirne Adapazari Ankara Konya Adana Eskisehir Erzurum Diyarbakir SW WW Research Stations in Turkey contributing to the Turkey – CIMMYT – ICARDA International Winter Wheat Improvement Program Aleppo Izmir Samsun

9 Ankara Eskisehir SW WW IWWIP framework in Turkey: F4 and Head Rows Aleppo Izmir F1 F2 F3 F4,HR

10 Edirne Adapazari Ankara Konya Adana Eskisehir Erzurum Diyarbakir SW WW IWWIP framework : PYT Aleppo Izmir Samsun F4,HR PYT

11 Edirne Adapazari Ankara Konya Adana Eskisehir Erzurum Diyarbakir IWWIP framework : Yield Trials Aleppo Izmir Samsun YT&AYT PYT YT&AYT Tashkent YT&AYT 2010

12 Edirne SW WW IWWIP framework in Turkey: seed multiplication for international distribution Aleppo Konya Central Asia USA & S. America W. Europe Russia & E. Europe WANA China

13 Breeding methodology IWWIP framework in Turkey and germplasm movement LocationYield Potential Drought tolerance Cold tolerance Yellow rust Leaf rust Quality Adana+ Adapazari+ Aleppo++++ Ankara++++ Diyarbakir+ Edirne++ Erzurum++ Eskisehir++ Izmir+ Konya++ Samsun S. Urfa+ Total sites951222

14 Mean grain yield (t/ha) under similar management IWWYT-SA IWWYT-IR Portugal Armenia Russia Serbia Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Study 1: IWWYT-SA vs. IWWYT-IR

15 Highest grain yield (t/ha) under similar management IWWYT-SA IWWYT-IR Portugal (0%) Armenia (+12%) Russia (-8%) Serbia (+2%) Uzbekistan (-8%) Uzbekistan (+5%) Study 1: IWWYT-SA vs. IWWYT-IR

16 Performance of wheat lines under irrigated management in Uzbekistan Type of genotype Mean Yield (t/ha) Highest Yield (t/ha) Days to Maturity Plant Height (cm) kernel wt. (g) Irrigated (8 Varieties)6.33 a†7.58 ab193 a87 ab41.6 a Semi-arid (10 Varieties)6.18 a7.91 a193 a95 a42.6 a Commercial (5 Varieties)5.34 b7.16 b193 a81 b42.2 a † Values within a column followed by different letters significantly at P =0.05 based on DMRT

17 Study 2: Highest yielding genotypes in the 7 th IWWYT- SA under low and high productive environments, 2005 Entry No. Pedigree Yield (t/ha) Entry No. Pedigree Yield (t/ha) Low productivity (< 3 t/ha)High productivity (>3 t/ha) 7-13 Eskina JI5418/Maras JI5418/Maras TAM200/Kauz4735 CheckMercan Eskina TAM200/Kauz HAA /4105W//TRK Tranca Tranca-44475

18 Entry No. Pedigree Yield (t/ha) Entry No. Pedigree Yield (t/ha) Low productivity (< 3 t/ha)High productivity (> 3 t/ha) CheckBagci Tast/Sprw/4/Rom- Tast/Bon/3/Dibo//SU92 /CI13645/5/F130L Ngda146/4/Ymh/Tob //Mcd/3/Lira/5/F130L Saulesku #44/ TR CheckGerek Bilinmiyen CheckDagdas Saulesku #44/ TR Saulesku #44/ TR Saulesku #44/ TR Study 2: Highest yielding genotypes in the 8 th IWWYT- SA under low and high productive environments, 2006

19 Entry No. Pedigree Yield (t/ha) Entry No. Pedigree Yield (t/ha) Low productivity (< 3 t/ha)High productivity (> 3 t/ha) 9-17YE2453//PPBB68/Chrc Gun91/Pobeda//F900K YE2453//PPBB68/Chrc Alpu-1/3/ Chen/Ae.sq.(Taus)//Bcn Agri/Bjy//Vee/3/Prinia CA8055//KS82W409/ Stephens Savalan/Grk//Pyn/Bau Tirchmir2/5/Cnn/Kkv/K C66/3/Skp35/4/Vee/6/K S82W409/Stephens MV17/5/C126-15/Cofn/ 3/N10B/P14//P101/4/21 183/Co652643//Lcr/KS Gun91/Pobeda//F900K5.174 Study 2: Highest yielding genotypes in the 9 th IWWYT- SA under low and high productive environments, 2007

20 Entry No. Pedigree Yield (t/ha) Entry No. Pedigree Yield (t/ha) Low productivity (< 3 t/ha)High productivity (> 3 t/ha) Bul Everdika/ Stozher/4/Tast/Sprw //CA8055/3/Csm K1- 1//Anb/Buc/3/GS50A CheckGerek F130-L-1-12/Lagos Pyn/Bau/3/Agri/Bjy//Vee Pyn/Bau/3/Agri/Bjy//Vee AU/CO652337//2*CA8- 155/3/F474S ERYT (Don Polukarlikovaya/Olvia)/ 3/2*Agri/Bjy//Vee CheckBayraktar Agri/Bjy//Vee/3/Gun91/ 4/Cham6//1D13.1/Mlt Study 2: Highest yielding genotypes in the 10 th IWWYT- SA under low and high productive environments, 2008

21 Conclusions  Grain yield of highest yielding genotypes in IWWYT- IR and IWWYT-SA are comparable under irrigated management  Certain genotypes developed for dryland also possess yield potential that could efficiently utilize management practices for irrigated management  In general, different sets of genetic materials are needed under strictly semi-arid and irrigated environments  A few lines targeted towards stressed conditions in fact possess yield plasticity resulting in their superior performance both under dryland and irrigated conditions

22 Acknowledgement IWWIP partners IWWP collaborators More information:

23 Thank You


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