Presentation on theme: "Choking Under Pressure Michael Hoerger. Choking Under Pressure Performing worse than expected on an important task Examples: Missed golf putt or free."— Presentation transcript:
Automatic Physical Tasks Professional sports, experienced driving, sex, speaking, playing guitar Through practice, physical tasks become well-learned and automatic Self-consciousness (embarrassment, shame, anxiety) disrupts automatic processing choking
In advance: Practice under high-pressure conditions In the moment: Distraction from self-consciousness Speed it up Use a routine to facilitate engagement in automatic processing Avoiding Choking: Automatic Tasks
Avoiding Choking: Controlled Tasks In advance Overlearn: Practice, practice, practice Practice under high pressure condition In the moment: Anything to reduce anxiety: breathing or muscle relaxation, challenge beliefs that are causing pressure
Stereotype Threat Stereotypes: yuppie, feminist, liberal, White male Performance pressure created when success or failure would support a stereotype Can affect any group, but historically most stereotypes have been against females and minorities
A Threat in the Air 2,800 women and minorities fail to get calculus AP credit each year due to stereotype threat Leads to disidentification and avoidance to maintain self-esteem Public policy against stereotypes is key
Michael Hoerger To cite this lecture: Hoerger, M. (2007, March 26). Choking Under Pressure, Skilled Performance, and Stereotype Threat. Presented at a PSY 220 lecture at Central Michigan University.