2 EclipsesThe moon’s orbit around Earth is slightly tilted with respect to Earth’s orbit around the sun.When the moon’s shadow hits Earth or Earth’s shadow hits the moon , an eclipses occurs.When an object in space comes between the sun and a third object , it casts a shadow on that object , causing an eclipse to take place.
3 Lunar and Solar Eclipses There are two types of eclipses ;Solar eclipsesLunar eclipses(The words solar and lunar come from the Latin words for ‘sun’ and ‘ moon’)
4 Solar EclipsesA solar eclipses occurs when the moon passes directly between Earth and the sun , blocking sunlight from Earth.The moon’s shadow then hits Earth , So a solar eclipses occurs when a new moon blocks your view of the sun.
5 Total Solar EclipsesThe very darkest part of the moon’s shadow , the umbra is cone –shaped.The moon’s umbra happens to be long enough so that the point of the cone can just reach a small part of Earth’s surface.Only the people within the umbra experience a total solar eclipses.
6 Partial solar eclipses The moon casts another part of its shadow that is less dark than the umbra .This larger part of the shadow is called the penumbra.In the penumbra , part of the sun is visible from Earth.Solar Eclipse
7 Lunar eclipsesA lunar eclipse occurs at a full moon when Earth is directly between the moon and the sun.During a lunar eclipse ,Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the moon.
8 Total lunar EclipseWhen the entire moon is in Earth’s umbra you see a total lunar eclipse.A total lunar eclipse can be observed at night and during Full Moon whenthe Moon is near one of its orbital nodes so Sun, Earth and Moon form a straight line,and the observer is located on the night side of Earth.
9 Partial lunar EclipseA partial lunar Eclipse occurs when the moon passes partly into the umbra of Earth’s shadow. Lunar EclipseYou can watch it pass across the moon for two or three hours.
10 Quiz 1. what are the two types of eclipse? ____________,____________ 2. the darkest part of the moon ‘s shadow is called the _________.3.the larger part of a shadow , less dark than the umbra ,is called the__________.
11 4. What’s different between solar eclipse and lunar eclipse? 5. what is an eclipse ?