Presentation on theme: "Author: Atilano Olvera Palacios. TAG QUESTIONS A tag question is a question we can add to the end of a statement. Statement…,is it?,isn’t it?,are they?,aren’t."— Presentation transcript:
Author: Atilano Olvera Palacios
TAG QUESTIONS A tag question is a question we can add to the end of a statement. Statement…,is it?,isn’t it?,are they?,aren’t they?,have we?,haven’t we?,do you?,don’t you?,will I?,won’t I?,could she?,couldn’t she?,would he?,wouldn’t he? The statement and the tag are always separated by a comma.
The basic rules for forming the two-word tag questions are as follows: 1 The subject in the statement matches the subject in the tag You've posted my letters, haven't you?
2 The auxiliary verb or verb to be in the statement matches the verb used in the tag You won't forget to check my emails, will you? 3 If the statement is positive, the tag is usually negative and vice versa You're sad that I'm going, aren't you?
When present and past simple tenses appear in positive statements, normally no auxiliary verb is used, but we use the auxiliaries does, do or did in the tag. In negative statements in the present or past simple, the auxiliaries doesn't, don't or didn't are, of course, already present. Compare the following: You play tennis on Thursdays usually, don't you? And Jack plays with you, doesn't he? You didn't play last Thursday, did you?
When we use the there is structure, there is reflected in the tag: There's nothing wrong, is there? There weren't any problems when you talked to Jack, were there? Something / nobody /etc When no one, somebody, something, etc is the subject in the statement, we use it in the tag to refer to something or nothing and they in the tag to refer to e.g. someone or nobody: Something happened at Jack's house, didn't it? No one phoned, did they? Somebody wanted to borrow Jack's bike, didn't they? Who was it?
When to use tag questions We use tag questions to check information or to ask for agreement. If we use a rising intonation in the tag, we do not know or are not quite sure of the answer. If we use a falling intonation in the tag, we are seeking the agreement of the person we are talking to. We can reply to tag questions either with simple yes/no answers (negative tags normally expect a yes answer and positive tags normally expect a no answer) or by using yes/no + auxiliary verb.
In these examples, use a rising intonation in the tag. It is a genuine question. You are not sure what the answer will be. You haven't seen my tennis shoes, have you? ~No, I'm sorry. I haven't. I couldn't borrow yours by any chance, could I? ~ No. They wouldn't fit you. In these examples, use a falling intonation in the tag. You are simply seeking agreement. It was a lovely wedding, wasn't it? ~ Wonderful! I thought Sue looking stunning in her wedding dress, didn't she? ~ Yes, she did. Absolutely stunning. It's a shame the day is over, isn't it? ~ Yes, it is. It's been a lovely day today, hasn't it? ~ Yes, it has.
Positive statement - positive tag We sometimes use a positive tag with a positive statement when we want to express surprise or particular interest: I shall be staying at my favorite hotel - the five-star hotel in Windsor. ~ Oh, you've stayed there before, have you? And I'm having supper there with the Australian tennis ace, Lleyton Hewitt. ~ Oh, so you know Lleyton Hewitt, do you? TAG QUESTIONS - SPECIAL FEATURES
After imperatives, we sometimes add will you? or won't you? when we want people to follow our advice: Let's have buttered scones with strawberry jam for tea, shall we? After let's we sometimes add shall we? when we are making a suggestion: Imperative sentences and let's And do take care, won't you? Don't stay there long, will you?
In very informal speech, we sometimes leave out pronoun subjects, auxiliary verbs and verb to be in the statement. Compare the following: Nobody at home, is there? (=There's nobody at home, is there?) Keeping well, are you? (=You're keeping well, are you?) Awful weather, isn't it? (= It's awful weather, isn't it?) Omission of pronoun subject and auxiliary verb Salir