Presentation on theme: "When the consumer price index rises, the typical family"— Presentation transcript:
1When the consumer price index rises, the typical family a. has to spend more dollars to maintain the same standard of living.b. can spend fewer dollars to maintain the same standard of living.c. finds that its standard of living is not affected.d. can offset the effects of rising prices by saving more.
2Economists use the term inflation to describe a situation in which a. some prices are rising faster than others.b. the economy's overall price level is rising.c. the economy's overall price level is high, but not necessarily rising.d. the economy's overall output of goods and services is rising faster than the economy's overall price level.
3The steps involved in calculating the consumer price index, in order, are as follows: a. Choose a base year, fix the basket, compute the inflation rate, compute the basket's cost, and compute the index.b. Choose a base year, find the prices, fix the basket, compute the basket's cost, and compute the index.c. Fix the basket, find the prices, compute the basket's cost, choose a base year and compute the index.d. Fix the basket, find the prices, compute the inflation rate, choose a base year and compute the index.
4YEAR: $ PORK: $ CORN: 2005 $20 $12 2006 $25 $18 Suppose the basket of goods in the CPI consisted of 3 units of pork and 4 units of corn. What is the consumer price index for 2006 if the base year is 2005?abcd
5YEAR: $ PORK: $ CORN: 2005 $20 $12 2006 $25 $18 Suppose the basket of goods in the CPI consisted of 3 units of pork and 4 units of corn. What is the inflation rate for 2006 if the base year is 2005?a percentb percentc percentd percent
6In an imaginary economy, consumers buy only shirts and pants In an imaginary economy, consumers buy only shirts and pants. The fixed basket consists of 6 shirts and 4 pairs of pants. A shirt cost $20 in 2006 and $25 in A pair of pants cost $30 in 2006 and $40 in Using 2006 as the base year, which of the following statements is correct?a. For the typical consumer, the number of dollars spent on shirts is equal to the number of dollars spent on pants in each of the two years.b. The consumer price index is 134 in 2007.c. The rate of inflation is 29.17% in 2007.d. All of the above are correct.
7A nation's standard of living is measured by its a. real GDP.b. real GDP per person.c. nominal GDP.d. nominal GDP per person.
8Over the past 100 years, U.S. real GDP per person has doubled about every 35 years. If in the next 100 years it doubles every 25 years, then a century from now U.S. real GDP per person will bea. 4 times higher than it is now.b. 8 times higher than it is now.c. 12 times higher than it is now.d. 16 times higher than it is now.
9Consider two countries Consider two countries. Country A has a population of 1,000, of whom 800 work 8 hours a day to make 128,000 final goods. Country B has a population of 2,000 of whom 1,800 work 6 hours a day to make 270,000 final goodsa. Country A has higher productivity and higher real GDP per person than country B.b. Country A has lower productivity and lower real GDP per person than country B.c. Country A has higher productivity, but lower real GDP per person than country B.d. Country B has lower productivity, but higher real GDP per person than country B.
10Using the production function and notation in the text, K/L measures a. natural resources per worker.b. human capital per worker.c. output per worker.d. physical capital per worker.
11The dictator of Turan has recently begun to arbitrarily seize farms belonging to his political opponents, and he has given the farms to his friends. His friends don't know much about farming. The courts in Turan have ruled that the seizures are illegal, but the dictator has ignored the rulings. Other things equal, we would expect that the growth rate in Turan willa. fall temporarily, but will return to where it was when the new owners learn how to farm.b. increase because the total amount of human capital in the country will increase as the new owners learn how to farm.c. fall and remain lower for a long time.d. not be affected unless widespread civil disorder or civil war results.
12Senator Noitall says that in order to help poor countries develop, the United States should: 1. Prevent U.S. corporations from investing in poor countries because they take profits that the poor countries should have; 2. Not import goods from poor countries that use child labor; 3. Work to promote political stability in poor countries; and 4. Reduce poor countries reliance on market forces in their economies. How many of these ideas are likely to help poor countries grow?a. 1b. 2c. 3d. 4