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1. Lauren W. Schneider, LCSW Clinical Director of Children’s Programs Lenna Lebovich, MFT School Program Coordinator OUR HOUSE Grief Support Center 1663.

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Presentation on theme: "1. Lauren W. Schneider, LCSW Clinical Director of Children’s Programs Lenna Lebovich, MFT School Program Coordinator OUR HOUSE Grief Support Center 1663."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Lauren W. Schneider, LCSW Clinical Director of Children’s Programs Lenna Lebovich, MFT School Program Coordinator OUR HOUSE Grief Support Center 1663 Sawtelle Blvd., #300 Los Angeles, CA (310)

3 Agenda I Introduction to Childhood Traumatic Grief II How Trauma impacts the Grieving Process III Treatment Considerations when working with Childhood Traumatic Grief A. What is Trauma-focused CBT B. Grief counseling - Age- appropriate Language to use when explaining death, homicide and suicide 3

4 Introduction 1. John Bowlby – Studied grief reactions of children 2. Harvard Child Bereavement Study – 1980, Worden & Silverman 3. Pynoos et al, Lenore Terr findings on PTSD in children also in ‘80’s. 4. Cohen & Mannarino first appearance of Childhood Traumatic Grief in the literature. 4

5 PTSD - diagnosed when the child has specific symptoms that continue for a month or more following exposure to a traumatic event. Symptoms must include : 1. Re-experiencing/ intrusive thoughts 2. Avoidance/emotional numbing 3. Hyper-vigilance/physiological arousal 5 Defining Trauma and PTSD

6 The Human Brain and Trauma 6

7 Impact of trauma on the brain 1. Brain Morphology 2. Neurological factors 7

8 Childhood Traumatic Grief A condition in which both unresolved grief and PTSD symptoms are present. The trauma symptoms interfere with the child’s ability to go through the mourning process (Worden’s Tasks) 8

9 Most Grief Experts Agree Goal: alleviate the trauma symptoms so they can begin to resolve the tasks of grieving (Cohen, Mannarino & Deblinger) Best practice: Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT); GTI 9

10 Is the child ready to join a group? Assess child’s ability to answer questions: “How did your person die?” 10

11 Teach Language of Feelings 11

12 Feelings Soup 12

13 Feelings Soup 13

14 1. Stress Management B. Relaxation: deep breathing and progressive muscle relaxation (belly breathing) 14

15 1. Stress Management C. Thought Stopping 15

16 2. Cognitive Triangle 16 Thoughts Feelings Behaviors

17 A. Construct the narrative B. Share it with parent alone C. Discuss with parent and child in session D. Identify Cognitive Distortions Trauma Narrative

18 Sensory Prompts for Narrative 18

19 4. Cognitive Processing Address faulty cognitions connected to the Traumatic event 19

20 5. Parental Involvement A. Honest, age appropriate information B. “Do you have any questions?” C. Strengthen Parent system 20

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22 Natural Grief vs. CTG Natural Grief Comforting to think about the deceased CTG: Avoid thinking or talking about the deceased in order to minimize frightening feelings 22

23 What is this thing called Natural Grief? Behavioral Reactions Emotional Reactions Cognitive Reactions Social Reactions Spiritual reactions 23

24 Worden’s TASK MODEL 1.To Accept the reality of the loss 2. To Process the Pain of Grief 3.To Adjust to a World Without the Deceased 4.To Find an Enduring Connection with the Deceased in the midst of embarking on a new life. 24

25 TASK 1: To Accept the Reality of the Loss NOT IN DENIAL! Have to first understand what “death” is! 25

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27 Helping child with Task 1- LANGUAGE “Death is when a person’s body stops working and they no longer breathe, think or feel anything and we will never see them alive again” 27

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31 Explaining Homicide Homicide – “is when someone hurts another person’s body so badly that their body stops working and they die.” 31

32 Explaining Suicide “Suicide is when a person ends their own life.” 32

33 TASK 2: TO PROCESS THE PAIN OF GRIEF 33

34 5 PRIMARY EMOTIONS SADNESS ANGER FEAR RELIEF OR HAPPINESS GUILT 34

35 Task 2 Activities Feelings Pie My Memory Sun Feelings Ball Angry Bags Feelings Charades 35

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38 TASK 3: To Adjust to a World without the Deceased 38

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41 41 TASK 4: TO FIND AN ENDURING CONNECTION WITH THE DECEASED IN THE MIDST OF EMBARKING ON A NEW LIFE

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43 TASK 4 ACTIVITIES Memorial Run 4 Hope Plant a tree Dedicate a plaque Volunteer 43

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