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When is Lean too Lean: Discrete Event Simulation and Lean Production Scott Metlen.

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Presentation on theme: "When is Lean too Lean: Discrete Event Simulation and Lean Production Scott Metlen."— Presentation transcript:

1 When is Lean too Lean: Discrete Event Simulation and Lean Production Scott Metlen

2 ‘Romantic’ Lean & Complex Systems Strategic variability leading to complex systems Complex system modeling (use discrete event simulation)

3 Waste by Ohno, 1988 Overproduction Transportation Inventory Motion Defective Product Over-processing Waiting

4 Discrete Event Simulation (DES) Modeling events of a system where time between events is stochastic. To expensive to use in deterministic systems

5 System Variation, the Cause of Waste Dysfunctional Variability (Suri, 2005) – Inconsistent process times when product is consistent – Set up times vary when product does not – Raw material varies when it should be consistent – Inconsistency of human performance Strategic Variability (Suri, 2005) – Mass customization due to market demand – Willing to chase spikes and valleys in demand

6 Danger of Lean Eliminating strategic variation along with dysfunctional variability in the quest to eliminate waste Prevent by simulating system change to determine the affect on profit if the change were executed

7 Example 875 parts used to assemble 10 products Parts for each product collected as a ‘kit’ 875 parts had different paths through the production system, scheduling was complex, average scrap rate 2% (complexity of parts and system) FG warehouse kept to make sure each ‘kit’ was shipped on time and complete FG seen as waste, was eliminated and replaced by expediting system to make sure a ‘kit’ shipped on time

8 Results Overtime went to $15 million More production was installed where FG used to be $200, opportunity cost saved on not having FG inventory On time delivery dropped Scrap rate increased

9 New Solution Modeled Modeled Strategic FG inventory $ opportunity cost Overtime reduced by $7 million On time delivery reestablished Scrap rate reduced Recommendation was implemented, savings as indicated

10 Take Away In complex systems using strategic variability, model system before changing that system QUESTIONS


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