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Teaching Access Technology: What to Teach When Ike Presley American Foundation for the Blind 100 Peachtree Street, Suite 2145 Atlanta, GA 30303 404-525-2303.

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Presentation on theme: "Teaching Access Technology: What to Teach When Ike Presley American Foundation for the Blind 100 Peachtree Street, Suite 2145 Atlanta, GA 30303 404-525-2303."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Teaching Access Technology: What to Teach When Ike Presley American Foundation for the Blind 100 Peachtree Street, Suite 2145 Atlanta, GA Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 1

3 Teaching Access Technology: What? Tools for accessing printed information –Visually, tactilely, auditorily Tools for accessing electronic information –Visually, tactilely, auditorily Tools for writing –Visually, tactilely, auditorily Tools for producing materials in alternate formats –Large print, braille, auditory Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 2

4 Teaching Access Technology: When? Early Intervention Elementary school Middle school High school Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 3

5 Teaching Access Technology: Early Intervention Assessing infants, toddlers & Pre K –See Help for Young Learners: How To Choose AT? General Concepts –Get parents involved Awareness of what tech can do for kids –Make it fun This is a way to make things happen –Help kids get the idea What it can do for you Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 4

6 Teaching Access Technology: Early Intervention General Concepts –Cause & effect –Switch toys –Physical orientation to equipment –Directionality of keyboard –Respect for equipment Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 5

7 Teaching Access Technology: Early Intervention Visual Accessing objects / graphics / print –Glasses –Stand magnifier –Video magnifier Make it fun! –Show how optical device Makes things bigger Reveals details Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 6

8 Teaching Access Technology: Early Intervention Visual Accessing electronic information –Eye-hand coordination, touch window –Color coded keyboarding See Keyboarding - Color Coding Scheme & Strategies –Matching keys and symbols Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 7

9 Teaching Access Technology: Early Intervention Visual Tools for writing –Crayons –Markers –Pens & pencils –Screen board –Stencils –Tracing patterns Keep it fun, we arent in school yet Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 8

10 Teaching Access Technology: Early Intervention Tactile Discriminating tactile skills –Objects and models Exploring simple tactile graphics Begin using braille writer –Positional relationships, paper & brailler –Scribbling on brailler –Building hand strength and appropriate position Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 9

11 Teaching Access Technology: Early Intervention Auditory Listening skills – human readers Awareness of synthesized speech Using a simple tape / digital recorder Manipulation of equipment –button, knobs, & levers do different things Steps to getting something done Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 10

12 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School What is determined by the assistive technology (AT) assessment –Tools for accessing printed information –Tools for accessing electronic information –Tools for writing Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 11

13 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Visual Accessing printed information –Basic use of optical devices Use high interest materials – Make it fun! Hand-held and stand magnifiers Telescopes Video magnifiers, near & distance –Use of non-optical devices Lighting, indoor & outdoor Reading / book stands Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 12

14 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Visual Accessing printed information –Large print books, high interest material When & where –Photocopying enlargement When & where –Teacher made large print Preferred font / point size –Reading, copying & worksheets Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 13

15 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Visual Accessing electronic information –Computers – Keyboarding (see Keyboarding & Word Processing Instruction) Use talking word processor ( Write Outloud, IntelliTalk) –Set font & point size for comfortable viewing Teacher instructs & dictates –Typing / keyboarding book Print to share / Save for documentation Keyboarding software –Drill & practice, not instruction Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 14

16 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Visual Accessing electronic information –Computers Basic screen magnification features –Basic word processing Opening, saving & printing files View, font & point size adjustments –Basic web navigation & searching On-line dictionary and thesaurus Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 15

17 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Visual Accessing electronic information –Tools for converting printed information into electronic information Specialized scanning systems –Displays in preferred font & point size –Adds highlighting and synthesized speech –Audio supported reading –Introduce tablet computer Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 16

18 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Visual Producing written communications –Manual tools Bold / raised lined paper, markers Bold lined graph paper for math –Electronic tools Dedicated word processors –Neo and Dana from AlphaSmart Imaging software, worksheets Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 17

19 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Visual Producing written communications –Electronic tools Talking word processor Computer with word processing and screen magnification software –Navigation –Editing – inserting / deleting –Opening / saving / printing –Spell check / thesaurus / grammar check Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 18

20 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Tactile Accessing printed information –Braille reading Hard copy & electronic –Tactile graphics Expose to various production methods Simple maps, graphs & diagrams Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 19

21 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Tactile Accessing electronic information –Accessible PDA with braille display Braille reading tool –Opening & reading files –Downloading files Dont worry about other features –Teach them as you can Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 20

22 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Tactile Accessing electronic information –Computers – Keyboarding (see Keyboarding & Word Processing Instruction) Use talking word processor ( Write Outloud, IntelliTalk) –Set font & point size for comfortable viewing Teacher instructs & dictates –Typing / keyboarding book Print to share / Save for documentation Keyboarding software –Drill & practice, not instruction Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 21

23 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Tactile Accessing electronic information –Computers Begin teaching use of screen reading software –Navigation & speech parameters Simple word processing –Opening, saving & printing files Web browsing & page navigation –Introduce tablet computer Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 22

24 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Tactile Producing written communications –Manual tools Braille writer Slate & stylus Producing graphical information –Electronic tools Mountbatten Brailler Perkins Smart Brailler Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 23

25 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Tactile Producing written communications –Electronic tools Talking word processor –Navigation / Editing – inserting / deleting Computer with word processing and screen reading software –Navigation / Editing – inserting / deleting –Opening / saving / printing –Spell check / thesaurus / grammar check Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 24

26 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Auditory Accessing printed information –Developing audio supported reading skills See Audio Supported Reading & Suggestions for Teaching ASR –Using a human reader –Analog & Digital Talking Books (DTB) –Digital recorder –Specialized scanning systems Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 25

27 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Auditory Accessing electronic information –Accessible PDA Text reading tool –Opening & reading files –Downloading files Dont worry about other features –Teach them as you can Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 26

28 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Auditory Accessing electronic information –Computers – Keyboarding (see Keyboarding & Word Processing Instruction) Use a talking word processor (Write Outloud, IntelliTalk) Teacher instructs & dictates –Typing / keyboarding book Print to share / Save for documentation Keyboarding software –Drill & practice, not instruction Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 27

29 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Auditory Accessing electronic information –Computers Begin teaching screen reading software –Navigation & speech parameters Simple word processing –Opening, saving & printing files Web browsing & page navigation –Introduce tablet computer Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 28

30 Teaching Access Technology: Elementary School Auditory Producing written communications –Talking word processor –Computer with word processing and screen reading software Navigation Editing – inserting / deleting Opening / saving / printing Spell check / thesaurus / grammar check Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 29

31 Teaching Access Technology: Literacy Technology literacy –Some states use test to determine proficiency in use of technology. –Others use the idea of embedded assessment to gauge students skills by looking at how they use technology in the context of the curriculum. Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 30

32 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School What is determined by the assistive technology (AT) assessment –Tools for accessing printed information –Tools for accessing electronic information –Tools for writing Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 31

33 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Visual Accessing printed information –Refine use of optical devices –Develop speed & efficiency with video magnifiers Learn to use distance feature for board work –Learn which device is best for different tasks –Learn to scan printed documents Convert to electronic documents Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 32

34 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Visual Accessing electronic information –Computers Improve keyboarding speed / efficiency Accessibility features –Display properties / screen resolution Screen magnification –Efficient navigation –Selecting best features for tasks –Saving configurations Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 33

35 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Visual Accessing electronic information –Computers Web use –Refine searching skills –Determine best screen magnification features Other applications –Consistent with general education curriculum –Expand use of tablet computer Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 34

36 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Visual Producing written communication –Computer word processing skills Copy / paste / move / search & replace Basic formatting –Accessible PDA Note taking Calculator, address book Scheduling with calendar Using clock features to organize time Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 35

37 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Tactile Accessing printed information –Braille reading Increase speed and comprehension –Tactile graphics Wider variety of production methods More complex maps, graphs & diagrams Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 36

38 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Tactile Accessing electronic information –Accessible PDA with braille display Braille reading tool –Searching for specific text –Efficient navigation Calculator, address book Scheduling with calendar Using clock features to organize time Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 37

39 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Tactile Accessing electronic information –Computers Improve keyboarding speed & efficiency Screen reading software / braille display –Additional features as needed Web browsing & searching Other applications –Consistent with general education curriculum –Expand use of tablet computer Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 38

40 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Tactile Accessing electronic information –Specialized scanning systems Scan, read, save Open in word processor Use to open other files –E-books Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 39

41 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Tactile Producing written communications –Manual tools Slate & stylus Producing graphical information –Electronic tools Accessible PDA –Note taking Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 40

42 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Tactile Producing written communications –Electronic tools Computer with word processing and screen reading software –Copy / paste / move –Search & replace –Basic formatting Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 41

43 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Auditory Accessing printed information –Continue development ASR skills More complicated subject material –Digital Talking Books / E-books Assist in ordering books –Specialized scanning systems Teach additional features –Using a reader Organizing time & materials Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 42

44 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Auditory Accessing electronic information –Accessible PDA Text reading tool –Searching for specific text –Efficient navigation Calculator, address book Scheduling with calendar Using clock features to organize time Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 43

45 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Auditory Accessing electronic information –Computers Improve keyboarding speed & efficiency Screen reading software –Additional features as needed Web browsing & searching Other applications –Consistent with general education curriculum –Expand use of tablet computer Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 44

46 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Auditory Accessing electronic information –Specialized scanning systems Scan, read, save Open in word processor Use to open other files –E-books Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 45

47 Teaching Access Technology: Middle School Auditory Producing written communications –Electronic tools Accessible PDA –Note taking –Use digital recording as back-up Computer with word processing and screen reading software –Copy / paste / move / search & replace –Basic formatting Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 46

48 Teaching Access Technology: High School What is determined by the assistive technology (AT) assessment –Tools for accessing printed information –Tools for accessing electronic information –Tools for writing Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 47

49 Teaching Access Technology: High School Visual Accessing printed information –Select best optical device for task –Improve speed & efficiency with video magnifiers –Learn about different types of video magnifiers Which is best for specific tasks Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 48

50 Teaching Access Technology: High School Visual Accessing electronic information –Computers Keyboarding –Continue to improve speed and accuracy Screen magnification –Advanced features Learn to use with other applications Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 49

51 Teaching Access Technology: High School Visual Accessing electronic information –Learn to combine technologies Typed notes from regular print / LP materials Information from scanned materials Information from web Information from recordings Information from e-books Information from tablets and smart phone Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 50

52 Teaching Access Technology: High School Visual Producing written communication –Computers Word processing skills –Styles and advanced formatting –Accessible PDA Note taking –Lectures –Print materials –Recorded materials Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 51

53 Teaching Access Technology: High School Tactile Accessing printed information –Braille reading Continue to improve speed and comprehension –Tactile graphics Working with more advanced representations Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 52

54 Teaching Access Technology: High School Tactile Accessing electronic information –Accessible PDA with braille display Braille reading tool Internet browsing Way finding Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 53

55 Teaching Access Technology: High School Tactile Accessing electronic information –Computers Keyboarding –Continue to improve speed & efficiency Screen reading software –Advanced features Web browsing & searching Learn to use with other applications Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 54

56 Teaching Access Technology: High School Tactile Accessing electronic information Learn to combine technologies Typed notes from braille materials Information from scanned materials Information from web Information from recordings Information from e-books Information form tablets and smart phones Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 55

57 Teaching Access Technology: High School Tactile Producing written communications –Computer with word processing and screen reading software Styles and advanced formatting –Accessible PDA Note taking –Lectures –Print materials –Recorded materials Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 56

58 Teaching Access Technology: High School Auditory Accessing printed information –Improve efficiency of audio supported reading skills –Scheduling & using readers –Digital Talking Books (DTB) Order books –E-books –Specialized scanning systems Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 57

59 Teaching Access Technology: High School Auditory Accessing electronic information –Accessible PDA with speech Text reading tool Internet browsing Way finding Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 58

60 Teaching Access Technology: High School Auditory Accessing electronic information –Computers Keyboarding –Continue to improve speed and accuracy Screen reading software –Advanced features Other applications –Consistent with general education curriculum Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 59

61 Teaching Access Technology: High School Auditory Accessing electronic information –Learn to combine technologies Typed notes from print materials Information from scanned materials Information from web Information from recordings Information from e-books Information from tablets and smart phones Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 60

62 Teaching Access Technology: High School Auditory Producing written communications –Computer with word processing and screen reading software Styles and advanced formatting –Accessible PDA Note taking –Lectures –Print materials –Recorded materials Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 61

63 Teaching Access Technology: What to Teach When Ike Presley American Foundation for the Blind 100 Peachtree Street, Suite 2145 Atlanta, GA Copyright © 2013 AFB. All rights reserved. 62


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