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The Future Tenses in MFL Spanish © CAS 2002
There are two tenses that you can use:In English: Future Tense I am going to play I will play I will be playing The Conditional I would play I would be playing There are two tenses that you can use: The Future The Conditional To achieve a Grade C or above at GCSE, you will have to use the Future Tenses in your Speaking and Writing. MFL ©CAS 2002
The Immediate Future TenseIn English: I am going to play The Immediate Future Tense is formed by using The verb ir + a + infinitive voy vas va vamos vais van jugar comer vivir a MFL Van a vivir = They are going to live We are going to eat Therefore voy a jugar = vamos a comer = I am going to play ©CAS 2002
Have a go at these Mirar = to watch Vender = to sell Subir = to climbvoy vamos vas vais va van You (sg) are going to sell Vas a vender He is going to climb Have a go at these Va a subir They are going to watch Van a mirar I am going to climb MFL Voy a subir We are going to sell Vamos a vender You (pl) are going to watch Vais a mirar ©CAS 2002
The Future Tense infinitive ending In English: I will playI will be playing The Future Tense is formed by using infinitive ending + Hablarán = Recibiré = He will drink = Recibiréis = Beberemos = Hablaré = é hablar beber recibir MFL ás They will speak You (pl) will receive Beberá I will receive I will speak We will drink á emos éis án ©CAS 2002
What makes the Future Tense easy to use ?All infinitives use the same endings. What makes the Future Tense more tricky ? MFL There are 12 irregular verbs in the Future Tense ©CAS 2002
Irregular Verbs in the Future Tense:to fit * Tener means to own or to possess. You will use this verb a lot. Haber is an auxiliary or “helping” verb. You will use it very rarely. caber decir haber hacer poder poner querer saber salir tener valer venir cabré, cabrás, …. diré habré haré podré pondré querré sabré saldré tendré valdré vendré to say / tell The endings are the same as for the regular verbs, but a future stem is used instead of the infinitive. to have* to do / make to be able to put to want MFL to know (a fact) to go out to have* to be worth to come ©CAS 2002
Some practice…… caber decir haber hacer poder poner querer saber salirtener valer venir cabré diré habré haré podré pondré querré sabré saldré tendré valdré vendré He will know We will say You (sg) will have They will be able You (pl) will go out sabrá diremos tendrás MFL podrán saldréis ©CAS 2002
The Conditional Tense infinitiveIn English: I would play I would be playing infinitive The Conditional Tense is formed using the infinitive and endings. + ending The Conditional Tense is formed in a similar way to the Future Tense. Existiríamos Leería = You (pl) would listen They would read I would exist/ He/she would exist Escucharías = These endings are the same for all verbs in the Conditional Tense ía ías íamos íais ían escuchar leer existir MFL Leerían Existiría Escucharíais We would exist I would read / He/she would read You (sg) would listen ©CAS 2002
In other words, the same as for the Future Tense !Irregular verbs in the Conditional Tense caber decir haber hacer poder poner querer saber salir tener valer venir to fit to say/tell to have to do/make to be able to put to want to know (fact) to go out to be worth to come cabría, cabrías, …. diría habría haría podría pondría querría sabría saldría tendría valdría vendría In other words, the same as for the Future Tense ! MFL ©CAS 2002
Now have a go at the exercises to check your understanding.So that’s how the Future Tenses work. Don’t forget to put examples of the Future Tenses in your Speaking and Writing ! MFL ©CAS 2002
FIN MFL ©CAS 2002
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