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Primary Sources & Historical Fiction How to more completely understand events in history through research and analysis.

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Presentation on theme: "Primary Sources & Historical Fiction How to more completely understand events in history through research and analysis."— Presentation transcript:

1 Primary Sources & Historical Fiction How to more completely understand events in history through research and analysis

2 Non-Historical Fiction Book Book Selected Based On Personal Lexile Range Determined By Your Teacher Complete Reading Response Notebook – Review instructions and rubrics glued into your Reading Response Notebook – Minimum of 10 quality written entries and should be actively worked on during your reading of the book throughout the quarter. DO NOT WAIT UNTIL YOU HAVE FINISHED READING THE BOOK TO WRITE YOUR ENTRIES. – Reading Response Notebooks will be collected at the end of the quarter. – Students may also be asked to complete an additional activity in class related to the book, as well as take one AR test.

3 Historical Fiction Book Project Locate and analyze at least one primary source document related to the historical content of your book. Complete the S.O.A.P. Analysis Worksheet and present a copy of printed document (source) on due date Be prepared to discuss your analysis of the primary source ALONG with its RELATIONSHIP to your historical fiction book. Quarter 1= 17 th Century or earlier ?-1700 Quarter 2=18 th Century 1701-1800 Quarter 3=19 th Century 1801-1900 Quarter 4=20 th Century 1901-2000


5 Characters: Kenny Watson Byron Watson Joetta Watson Wilona Sands Watson Daniel Watson Grandma Sands Larry Dunn Buphead Rufus Fry 16 th Street Baptist Church Bombing Birmingham, Alabama Watson family, including, Byron return to Michigan. Kenny is disturbed by the direct racism and violence towards African Americans. He visits the Animal Hospital until he can reconcile with what he has witnessed. Byron helps Kenny cope. Watsons Go to Birmingham, 1963 Christopher Paul Curtis Historical Fiction Published in 1995 Setting: Flint, Michigan Winter 1962 Watson Residence Birmingham, Alabama Summer 1963 Sands Residence American Civil Rights Movement

6 Elements of Fiction Primary Sources Which of the elements of fiction are historically accurate? – How can you find this out? Start with a review of the elements of fiction and isolate the historical components – Historical Components for Watsons Go to Birmingham, 1963: Civil Rights Movement Racism Segregation 16 th Street Baptist Church Bombing

7 Review Research 101 PowerPoint

8 Start with the Library of Congress What is it? The research library for the United States Congress, est. 1800 How to search? Select key words to type in the database/online collections Decide the kinds of documents would you like to find Remember not all sources are available online, and may only be accessible in Washington, D.C. The LoC will provided options for other online databases, collections, and both private & public repositories around the world.

9 Why Not Google? Try the Search! Type in: Sixteenth Street Baptist Church Bombing, 1963 Photographs, documents, etc. CANNOT be verified or authenticated. How do you know if the Google hits are actually historically authentic (real?) Google is appropriate for establishing basic information, brain storming key words, etc-NOT FOR RESEARCH PURPOSES – However, do consult Google for secondary sources, websites, etc.

10 Civil Rights Movement Images Online Images Available from the Library of Congress Obstacles to Online Research: For example: Sunday, September 15, 1963 What happens when you search for 16 th Street Baptist Church Bombing? – Many of the photographs are only available in Washington, D.C. – What other primary images would be eligible? Research is full of dead ends or road blocks – do not be dismayed or frustrated! Enjoy the challenge!! Not finding what youre looking for is just as important as eventually finding what you can use. Sift through secondary sources to find the primary source you would like to analyze.

11 Lets Practice… Put Those Historical Thinking Hats On! In your collaborative teams, you will be given one primary source from the Civil Rights Movement. – The research in terms of finding the source has already been done for you… (youre welcome!) – Analyze the source to the best of your abilities in your team. – Review orally the S.O.A.P. Analysis Worksheet as a team. Talk it out…you will agree and disagree many times…this is all part of the process. – When you can come to a consensus (do your best!) write down your answers on your S.O.A.P. Analysis Worksheet Answer every question, even if you are taking an educated guess.

12 This document is a photograph This photo was taken in 1963 and the bombing occurred on Sept. 15, 1963. This document is black and white which is typical of the technology in 1963 The photographer believes this is a terrible event. The photo shows evidence of building damage, the removal of bodies, and presence of the police and fire fighters. I can not be for sure, but it appears this person was present at the bombing and was possibly a journalist. The photographers identity is not known The 1960s was a period of expressing the need for civil rights of all American citizens. Black citizens, especially in the South, were treated unequally and often violence was used. This photo was taken in 1963.

13 One claim is that violence towards others solves nothing. Accepting the differences of others will promote peace. This photo was designed to describe the terrible violence and death of innocent children. The physical and emotional destruction, as well as the support to recover from the crime should not be forgotten. Racism is not acceptable. Laws against segregation and violence are now enforced. People regardless of race may assemble peacefully together. The presence of the dead bodies being removed and the recovery by the fire fighters and police officers supports that violence does not resolve differences. This photo was designed for the American public, regardless of race. The American government must react and create /enforce laws to protects its citizens. Yes, because the photographer took the photo on site after the bombing and witnessed the destruction. No, because this is one point of view and may show bias (one side of the story). Why were African Americans targets of such racial violence? American citizens still attend church and work as fire fighters and police officers. People also express racism and violence towards others. Why didnt the government offer more protection?

14 Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, 1530 Sixth Avenue North, Birmingham, Jefferson, AL

15 Sixteenth Street Baptist Church Bombing (Damaged Eastern Façade) /

16 The day a church became a tomb

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