Presentation on theme: "Fifth session of the Conference of States Parties to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Share first-hand experiences using the MIW."— Presentation transcript:
Fifth session of the Conference of States Parties to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Share first-hand experiences using the MIW methodology in Morocco Side event: Making it Work: How to document and use good practices for stronger advocacy Mohamed El Khadiri, President of the Moroccan Collective for the Promotion of the Rights of People with Disabilities
Brief presentation of the Collective for promoting the rights of persons with disabilities National organization dedicated to advocating the rights of people with disabilities. Created in 2005 and institutionalized in 2008 Includes all types of disabilities Represented in the whole territory of the country by regional organizations Partner of Handicap International and other NGOs.
The socio-economic context of our advocacy for the implementation of the CRPD Total population of Morocco in Poverty rate (%) 14,2% Illiteracy rate (10 years and over)43% Ranking - Human Development Index: 130th Life expectancy 71 GDP per capita (U.S. $) 4 108$ Adult illiteracy rate (15 years and over) 45% Population living in poverty 15%
Data on disability in Morocco Source: National Survey on Disability in 2004: people live with a disability. 5.12% of the total population. One household in four, or more than 1.3 million households have among theirs members one or more persons with disabilities: rural (5.62%) / urban (4.81%). Two out of three children with disabilities do not go to school The unemployment rate for PWD is 5 times than people without disabilities One in five people with disabilities have never attended a health institution. Nine out of 10 PWD do not have medical welfare.
The international normative framework Morocco has ratified the CRPD as well as the Optional Protocol on 14 April 2009.
National legal framework Legislative framework 3 Specific laws: Law No on the protection of the blind and visually impaired. Law No on the social protection of persons with disabilities. Law N° on accessibility. Provisions in other laws : Penal Code, Labor Code, Family Code, Medical welfare code ….. Impact of the legislative framework: Specific laws currently in force does not guarantee the effectiveness of the rights of persons with disabilities. Need to reform the legal framework to comply with the provisions of the Convention and to implement the Constitution.
Methodology Making It Work : The Collective has used the methodology making it work in its advocacy :. Our organization wants to be a contributor and find concrete and realistic solutions With more incentives, inspired by the MIW methodology, we have shown that to capitalize on best practices and successful experiences helped convince the reluctant policy makers and cause change. However, given the political situation, our Collective has also used other methods. Rallies, sit ins, reporting violations...
Methodology Making It Work? 1st practice Objectives: the state of the human rights situation of PSH: Arrange data and the most comprehensive information possible on the human rights situation of HSP, including the perspective of HSP, the legal framework, public policy and perceptions of disability in society. Good practice MIW: identifying a comprehensive methodology for data collection The initiative was undertaken as part of the project "Mounassara", funded by the European Union and USAID and implementation by Handicap International, the Collective Moroccan and Algerian platform.
MIW: Involve multiple stakeholders The Collective and Handicap International began by training a Steering Committee consisting of these two organizations and the National Human Rights institution Involve institutional bodies concerned with disability issues, DPOs, human rights organizations, development organizations, women's organizations, those who care for children, but also political actors (parties and unions) and economic operators. Participation was also open to DPOs in Algeria, Tunisia and Mauritania. All these organizations have worked together to implement the project.
MIW: Identify existing good practices The specific question on disability affected by this project refers to Article 31 of the Convention: Statistics and data collection. We have reviewed several experiences in the world, they have opted for the program of Disability Rights Promotion International: Monitoring the Human Rights of People with Disablities. HI, Collective assessed the current political situation and saw a need for up-dated information and data on people with disabilities to better inform the policy process
Documenting good practice DRPI methodology has been studied and analyzed to ensure that it fits our regional context. It is to establish a national monitoring based on three pillars: Individual monitoring: assess the real situation of PWDs in collecting their own accounts Monitoring systems: Evaluate the system of governance: legislation, public policies, resources allocated Media monitoring which allows to evaluate the model representation of disability. This allows to develop a data collection, relatively complete, which is the basic strategy and argument from decision maker
MIW: Use data to formulate recommendations We used the data to train members of DPOs and other relevant stakeholders
MIW: Produce and disseminate good practices and recommendations in a publication The Collective and HI produced a lessons learned document from modules already designed by DRPI, but adapted to the regional context of Maghreb. The document was launched at an international conference organized by the Collective, HI and the National Council for Human Rights. Translated into Arabic, this document is currently being used by other countries in the region.
MIW: Using the publication and recommendations to develop advocacy Two major achievements: Empowered participants through training and ensured the publication was available in several formats. Advocacy: Encourage decision makers to change practices from the arbitrary implementation of policies to relevant strategies for the inclusion of people with disabilities.
Outcome Now, the Moroccan government has launched a national survey to collect data on disability in order to design credible strategies.
2nd Practice: The rights of PWD recognized in the new constitution. Opportunity: In 2010, during the Arab Spring, the King of Morocco decided to call a referendum to change the country's constitution. Action: Advocate for the rights of PWDs to be included in the new Constitution. The Collective and its partners, including Handicap International, developed an action plan, based on the Make It Work methodology, Many examples of good practice on advocacy were studied and we used these good practices to influence our advocacy strategy Project was designed called "Bla Madouch Biya" »Do not go without me," ie the new constitution.
Outcome Result: The rights of people with disabilities guaranteed by the country's new constitution. Preamble: "Banish and combat discrimination against anyone because of sex, color, creed, culture, social or regional origin, language, Disability or any personal circumstance whatsoever. ' Article 34: "Rehabilitate and integrate into the social and civil life physically and mentally sensoriomoteurs facilitate their enjoyment of rights and freedoms for all.