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More Than Words on the Screen Bill Stark: Captioned Media Program Cindy Camp: Jacksonville.

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Presentation on theme: "More Than Words on the Screen Bill Stark: Captioned Media Program Cindy Camp: Jacksonville."— Presentation transcript:

1 More Than Words on the Screen Bill Stark: Captioned Media Program Cindy Camp: Jacksonville State University

2 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Why “words”? Why “on the screen”? “Captions facilitate verbal learning among deaf viewers.” -Dr. Malcolm J. Norwood, “the Father of Closed Captioning”

3 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Open captioning Closed captioning Subtitling Defining Terminology

4 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Pop on Roll up Paint on Defining Terminology

5 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 One definition: “Captions not only display words as the text equivalent of spoken dialogue or narration, but also include sound effects, speaker identification, and music.” What Are Captions?

6 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Accessible Easily approached or entered The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition Copyright © 2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company Easily understood or appreciated Capable of being read with comprehension Section 504 and that establish a minimum level of accessibility What Does Accessible Mean?

7 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Types Internally produced Commercially produced Purposes Promotion Teaching Media Types and Purposes

8 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 A cardinal rule: All internally produced materials should be captioned during production. Internally Produced

9 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 When you purchase, check to see if there is a captioned version. R.R. Bowker LLC, Bowker's Complete Video Directory, contact (V), Captioned Media Program, To add captions, you must have permission from the producer or holder of the copyright. Commercially Produced

10 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 How current is the media? What is the life span of the media? How often is it used? How many faculty use this title? How often do students with a hearing loss take this class? Prioritizing Your Needs

11 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Transcript: Create (in house) or obtain (commercial service). Perform line division: Break up the transcript into lines of captioning. Add captions: Encode closed captions or prepare files for digital media. The Process

12 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Captions are only as good as the transcript. A transcript should be verbatim. Spelling, capitalization, and grammar must be correct. Punctuation follows standard rules, but also special rules unique to captioning. All essential sound effects are included, either in words or symbols (e.g., “buzz” or ♫ ). Transcript Standards

13 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 What system are your service providers using? How skilled are they at verbatim? Will they research proper spelling and technical information? Do they have the time? Questions: Speech-to-Text In House

14 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 What is your accuracy rate? Do you check spelling for proper nouns, technical jargon, etc.? What type of files do you accept? What is your fee for a rush job? Do you proof the work for spelling, punctuation, and capitalization? Questions: Commercial Transcript Service

15 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 CompanyTranscript OnlyTurnaround Time Limitations Via Communications$5 per minute5 days Closed Caption Maker$1.50 per minute5 days or less, depending on urgency Casting Words$.42 per minute24 hoursMP3 & MP4 files only Escriptionists$1.50–$3.00 per minute3–5 business days Production Transcripts$2 per minute4 days Table 1.Transcription Services

16 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Once you have a transcript, you will need to break up the captions. Commercial software may do this for you, but you will need to proof them to be sure they conform to standards. Some programs do not break up captions. Line Division

17 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 For a full list, see the “Captioning Key: Guidelines and Preferred Techniques” Two lines of captions are preferred Captions should be left justified Lines should not exceed 32 characters Do not break a prepositional phrase: Incorrect: Mary scampered under the table. Correct: Mary scampered under the table. Captioning Guidelines

18 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 What’s Wrong With That?

19 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Using specialized software, captions are encoded into a VHS tape. Some software will automate parts of the process. Whichever method, be sure that the captions are time coded to match the audio. Encoding: Closed Captions

20 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 What type of captions are displayed? (Pop on or roll up?) With what type of media will this program work? How are the line divisions created? Closed-Captioning Software

21 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 CompanySoftwareCostPeripheral Equipment CostTrainingTech Support Total Cost Computer Prompting and Captioning Co. (CPC) CPC-700$4,995Time Code Generator Time Code Reader Video Display Device Encoder (OC/CC) $325 $315 $75 $1,200 User-Friendly5 free hours for first year; can purchase additional hours $6,910 Computer Prompting and Captioning Co. (CPC) CPC-600$2,995Video Display Device Encoder (OC/CC) $75 $1,200 User-Friendly5 free hours for first year; can purchase additional hours $4,270 Image Logic®AutoCaption II$8,000Time Encoder (Generator & Reader) Line 21 Encoder Deck (2) $2,300 $2,800 $200 Software is similar to Windows and Word—Should be user-friendly Offers 30 days of free support $13,500 CCMakerOCMaker$3,000 User-friendly; able to learn in 4 hours Free unlimited tech support $3,000 CCMakerAddrollupCC$3,000 User-friendly; able to learn in 4 hours Free unlimited tech support $3,000 Table 2. Captioning Equipment/Software Quotes

22 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 CaptionMaker

23 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 MAGpie Free download Can be problematic “MAGpie Training Kit” Hi-Caption $400–$500 Captioning Digital Media

24 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 MAGpie

25 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 This clip is an example of a VHS video converted to digital and then captioned using MAGPie Captioning with MAGpie

26 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 CaptionKeeper Retains closed captions when converting VHS to digital Large organizations (over 100 employees) $5,000 Non-profit large organizations $2,500 Small organizations (under 100 employees) $1000 Non-profit small organizations $500 Amazing Slow Downer Slows digital audio without distorting clarity $44.95 Additional Software

27 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 For a 30-minute video 3–4 hours to transcribe 3–4 hours to digitize 2–3 hours to do line breaks 2–3 hours to sync the captions to the audio 10–14 hours total Time Costs

28 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 With the increase in Smart Classrooms, we can no longer assume that a closed-caption decoder is “built into” the system. You can purchase an external closed- caption decoder. You can purchase a multimedia projector with a built-in decoder. Displaying Captions

29 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 V-Gis Closed-Caption Decoder w/RCA Jacks HC-DECODER/RCA $ A closed-caption decoder designed for TVs, plasma screens, and monitors that do not have an RF coaxial input, but do have an RCA video input connection Closed-Caption Decoder

30 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Epson 7600P NEC LT 240 NEC LT 260 NEC MT 1065 NEC MT 1075 These projectors come with a closed-caption decoder built in. Accessible Projectors

31 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Multimedia presentation should be accessible or provided in an alternative format. Podcasts Video clips Instructor’s lectures online A VHS tape with captions will not display those captions when it is digitized unless captions are converted as well. Distance Learning

32 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 Questions?

33 Teresa Gregory University of Tennessee The CMP Staff PEPNet Listserv Special Thanks

34 PEPNet Conference April 7, 2006 And For Fun...


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