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© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL © Copyright 2014 “AUTOMATED DRIVING – WHAT COMES FIRST: CARS OR STANDARDS?” The Future Networked Car 2014 Geneva International Motor Show Jack Pokrzywa SAE International
© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL © Copyright 2014 Today’s (near) reality 2
© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL © Copyright 2014 Today’s (near) reality 3 In the US: California, Florida, Nevada and D.C. jurisdictions are setting ground rules for self-driving cars on public roads.
© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL © Copyright 2014 Today’s (near) reality 4 No European legislation yet The Vienna Convention Article 8.5: ’Every driver shall at all times, be able to control his vehicle or to guide his animals.’ In the US: California, Florida, Nevada and D.C. jurisdictions are setting ground rules for self-driving cars on public roads.
© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL © Copyright 2014 Today’s (near) reality 5 No European legislation yet The Vienna Convention Article 8.5: ’Every driver shall at all times, be able to control his vehicle or to guide his animals.’ In the US: California, Florida, Nevada and D.C. jurisdictions are setting ground rules for self-driving cars on public roads. Japan Revitalization Strategy: "development of advanced highway safety systems (AHSS) and automated driving systems and improvement of the environment with these systems.
© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL © Copyright 2014 Is there foundation to move forward? China: government plans to test autonomous vehicles on public road between Beijing and Tianjin, about 120km (75 miles) away. Today’s (near) reality 6 No European legislation yet The Vienna Convention Article 8.5: ’Every driver shall at all times, be able to control his vehicle or to guide his animals.’ Japan Revitalization Strategy: "development of advanced highway safety systems (AHSS) and automated driving systems and improvement of the environment with these systems. In the US: California, Florida, Nevada and D.C. jurisdictions are setting ground rules for self-driving cars on public roads.
© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL © Copyright 2014 V2V What standards are needed? 7 Sensors accuracy and reliability Positioning systems accuracy and reliability Vehicle Cloud interfaces Driver Distraction Electronic system reliability HMI Privacy Entire vehicle system interoperability Powertrain system interoperability Future vehicle vs existing fleets
© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL © Copyright 2014 Current path (US) 8 Innovation/Research/Testing Standards Legislation Commercialization Market acceptance
© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL © Copyright 2014 Optimal path (US) 9 Innovation/Research/Testing Standards Legislation Commercialization Market acceptance
© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL © Copyright 2014 SAE On-Road Automated Vehicle Standards Committee 10 – global vehicle manufacturers 11 – global vehicle suppliers 28 – government regulating, agencies, research organizations, wireless providers SAE J3018 “Safety Guidelines for the On-Road testing of Prototype Models of Fully Automated Vehicles” (in-progress) SAE J3016 “Taxonomy and Definitions for Terms Related to On-Road Motor Vehicle Automated Driving Systems” (published, January 2014)
© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL © Copyright 2014 LEVELS OF DRIVING AUTOMATION FOR ON-ROAD VEHICLES - SAE J3016 11 Human Driver monitors the driving environment SAE Level SAE NameSAE Narrative Definition Execution of Steering/ Acceleration/ Deceleration Monitoring of Driving Environment Fallback Performance of Dynamic Driving Task System capability (driving modes) BASt Level NTHSA Level Automated driving system (“system”) monitors the driving environment No Automation the full-time performance by the human driver of all aspects of the dynamic driving task Human Driver N/A Driver only 0 the driving mode-specific execution by a driver assistance system of either steering or acceleration/deceleration Driver Assistance Human Driver and Systems Human Driver Some Driving Modes Assisted 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 Partial Automation Part-time or driving mode-dependent execution by one or more driver assistance systems of both steering and acceleration/deceleration. Human driver performs all other aspects of the dynamic driving task. System Human Driver Some Driving Modes Partially Automate d 2 Conditional Automation driving mode-specific performance by an automated driving system of all aspects of the dynamic driving task - human driver does respond appropriately to a request to intervene System Human DriverSome Driving Modes Highly Automate d 3 High Automation driving mode-specific performance by an automated driving system of all aspects of the dynamic driving task - human driver does not respond appropriately to a request to intervene System Some Driving Modes Fully Automated Full Automation full-time performance by an automated driving system of all aspects of the dynamic driving task under all roadway and environmental conditions that can be managed by a human driver System Some Driving Modes 3/4
© Copyright 2014 SAE INTERNATIONAL 12 Thank you. Jack Pokrzywa Director US TAG ISO TC22 Chairperson Global Ground Vehicle Standards SAE INTERNATIONAL 755 West Big Beaver Road, Suite 1600 Troy, MI 48084 o +1.248.273.2460 m +126.96.36.1992 e firstname.lastname@example.org@sae.org
Level 4 High Automation Level 4 High Automation Level 5 Full Automation Level 5 Full Automation Comparison between TOR of IG-ITS/AD and SAE Levels *1 *1:
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