Presentation on theme: "Foster care in France « Joints Efforts towards the Realisation of"— Presentation transcript:
1Foster care in France « Joints Efforts towards the Realisation of Children Rights in Croatia »Vincent Ramon, Project Officer, ANFPFrench National Association for Family PlacementZagreb, October
2Foster Care :a complex issue Illustration GRAPE 1995
3Legislation in Child Protection : : Giving rights to the service users to be informed, involved and represented in the run of any care service. Law introducing quality management, assessment and guidelines on good practice. Qualified care thus requires qualifications of monitoring and mangement.: Professionnalisation of family placement:The caregiver becomes « family assistant »:New directions in Child Protection System.
4Legislation on Types of carers Law n° June 27, Enforcement decreesProfessional Foster Care : “Family Assistant”Consolidated texts in the Social action and families code (CASF –www.legifrance.gouv.fr ) art. L and following et D and following– D an following concerning State Diploma for foster careVolunteer foster care :no law, signature of an ethic chart (ordinance 11/09/2005)Person of Trust : Civil Act art.375 and followingFoster care for adults with disabilities or the elderly (Ministère des solidarités et cohésion sociale)
5Organisation of family placement in Child Protection:child at risk or in danger Assessment TeamJustice SystemChild in danger / abusedAdministrative PlacementChild at riskParents disagreeJudiciary PlacementOrientation by ASEJudiciairyinvestigationPrivate licenced Foster care and children’s homePublic chidren’shome Foster careUnder Judge responsability
7More Statistics : children in child protection (data 2011)
8More statistics : foster parents 56000 Family Assistants in France (65 million inhabitants)
9Professionalisation of Care : the dominant figure of the Family Assistant Creation of a Professional status for Family Assistants in 2005:family assistant is defined as a new profession in Social Worksame status, nationwideinitial and on-going training during 3 years (60h initial preparation training prior to placement, then 240h on-going, compulsory )Creation of a “Family Assistant” State Diploma (DEAF)
10Who can become a carer ? Inclusion criteria: Married or not, Single , Male or Femaleage over 25enough space for the foster child(ren) in the homeno Illnesses that would contradict fostering (such as…)Sufficient social equipment in the area(school, clinic etc..)good enough knowledge of French languagecapacity to offer a safe, healthy, nurturing environment“Rather Good”parenting skillsExclusion criteria:/foster carer and adults in householdjudicial record n°2- banishment to work with childrenjudicial record n°3 - Criminal offense
11Licensing and Recruitment Public PrivateNeed to be licensed Need to be licensedIndividual assessment Individual + coupleby Psycho& Soc W assessment by Psycho& Soc WMeeting foster family at home Meeting foster family at homeSigning of a job contract Signing of a job contract
12Training of Family Assistant : initial and « initial on-going » Recruiting, training, support, monitoring, promoting are the employer’s responsibility. Training is at the employer’s cost.Compulsory Initial training60h prior to the first placement : information and preparationCompulsory initial On-going training240h over a maximum of 3 years, including: integration of the child in care, educative care, professional communication, diploma examination (optionnal)
13Foster care monitoring : the employer’s duty public system: Child protection team (ASE) :Key social worker for the child (workload : 20 to 30 children/ Soc W)ASE psychologist : workload 100 to 250 children / psychol.emergency support 24/7 by peersprivate services : more staff, and more pluridisciplinarymostly performed by the key social worker for the child (workload : up to 20 children or up to 5 teenagers per social worker)psychologist : workload up to 30 children or 10 teenagers / psychol.emergency support 24/7 by the Service Manager(mostly)
14Foster carers’ support system organized and delivered by local agencies, public or privateThey are locally tailored-to-the-needs, as are recruitment and trainingSupport tools include : -peer support,-mentoring,-on-going training-involvement in teamwork…
15The profession of Family Assistant same rights as in the general Working Code, except that there is no limitation in the number of working hoursworking contract and monthly wage :1st child 120x legal minimal wage/hour/child (950€ after tax)2nd child x minimal wage /h/child (1200€ after tax)3rd child ( )(1400€ after tax)Private sector : seniority impacts favorably the monthly wageAllowances for each child in care (on top of the wage) :Upbringing (30x14€) + Clothing ,Pocket money, EducationExtra allowance for children with « complex situation » or special needs (130€)
16Family Assistant’s rights No taxes on wagesHolidays : 30 days per year (and a 13th month paid if the child remains in the family during the holiday)Sick leavepension contribution and pension rightsunemployment rightsunion rights, right to appeal if licensed is withdrawn
17Family Assistant duties : as members of the agency staff, they Participate in Care PlanningMeet the child’s key social worker at least once a month(+ phone any time)Are encouraged to keep a daily record of careAre encouraged to write down observations and reportParticipate in case conferences with the agency’s staffHave an obligation to disclose (in the framework of « disclosure with shared secrecy ») if the child reveals abuse or neglect (as any other social worker under French Law)
18Different types of care… but not of carers. In child protection : Emergency careFamily foster care for teenage mothers« Modulated » care (weekdays or weekends)Short-term Assessment placement for the infants and toddlers 0-5Placement for Infants and toddlers (0-5)Placement for adolescentsSpecialised placement : complex child and parental situations (mental illness/drug addiction)
19Several use for Foster Care child protection: most of children under the « Protection system » (in care), financed by General Council(local taxes in each region, decentralised)disability : Less children, out-of-home, « specialised » care, financed by social security funds(social security -State)Mental illness :very few children, out-of-home mental healthcare, financed by social security funds (State)
20Promotion of Foster Care there are not national promotional or informational campaigns (the professionalization of fostering might play a part, here)Some regions have a website to inform about FosteringEach service deals independently with the promotion and information about fostering and the recruitment of its carers
21The Voice of the Child is heard : In Court : Children aged 7 (and sometimes less)Meeting with the Minor’s Judge at the child’s requestWith their key worker (or the agency’s Psychologist)Compulsory if change in the care plan and situation of the childDuty of the fostering agency : information on the child’s rights (Law )Useful Tool for the child : The Lifebook
22Biological parents : indirect users and partners with rights To be informed about the child, and the services provided.To sign down the “Individual Care Document” (DIPC)To be informed on the Individual Personalised ProjectTo keep their parental responsibility (in most cases)To be partners : consulted, associated and involved in the design and the review of their child’s care plan.To keep the right to decide in every aspect related to parental responsibility (school education, healthcare, religion).
23Weaknesses of Family placement in France : professional status of carers To what extent can fostering be considered a « profession »? It’s not « just a job »!The need for permanency and continuity of care is not compatible with the General Working Code (maximum number of working hours, etc.)The emotional and affective impact makes fostering a very special work, indeed.Such specificity needs to be protected.
24Strengths of Family Placement in France The training of Family AssistantsIntegration in multidisciplinary teamwork(in progress)The recognition of fostering as being a « work » : requiring tasks, tools, knowledge, skills, competences, rights and duties, a salary, and being part of the multidisciplinary team
25Strengths of Family Placement in France The fostering agency carries and guarantees the child’s project (third party role)Such« third party » role balances and regulates between: the child, the foster family, the biological family.The fostering agency’s commitment into quality of monitoring and support to the foster carer is the counterpart of the personal and human commitment they require from the foster families.
26Recommendations and wishes for the future Generalise public agencies’ « specific units for family placement »Differentiate short, middle and long term placementClarify the project for the childDevelop Permanency and long term care planningDelegate more often parental authorityFacilitate the open adoptionImprove the initial assessment and its methodology
27Recommendations and wishes for the future Develop the ongoing training on « clinical aspects of family placement »Train and train with the minor’s judges and the social workers in such clinical mattersDevelop Co-parenting instead of « substitution model »Strengthen support and monitoringCreate real partnerships between Fostering ,Residential care and Adoption services in Child Protection
28Thank you for your attention! This presentation is the fruit of a cooperative work betweenANPF the French National Association for Family PlacementandAPFEL Acting for the Promotion of Foster care at the European LevelPlease feel free to join us and network atPower Point made by Vincent Ramon & Frédérique Lucet