Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1
**Chapter 14 Section 14.2 Solution Concentration**

2
**Solution Concentration**

The concentration of a solution is a measure of how much solute is dissolved in a specific amount of solvent or solution Concentrations can be measured qualitatively and quantitatively. Qualitatively using the words: 1- concentrated: contains a large amount of solute. 2- dilute: contains a small amount of solute

3
**Concentration Description**

Types of Mixtures Quantitatively using one of the following concentration ratios Concentration Description Ratio Percent by mass mass of solute × 100 mass of solution Percent by volume volume of solute × 100 volume of solution Molarity moles of solute liter of solution Molality kilogram of solvent Mole fraction moles of solute + moles of solvent

4
percent by mass: Q1: In order to maintain a sodium chloride (NaCl) concentration similar to ocean water, an aquarium must contain 3.6 g NaCl per g of water. What is the percent by mass of NaCl in the solution?3.5% Q2: You have g of a bleach solution. The percent by mass of the solute sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is 3.62%. How many grams of NaOCl are in the solution?54.3g Q3: The percent by mass of calcium chloride in a solution is found to be 2.65%. If 50.0 g of calcium chloride is used, what is the mass of the solution? g

5
Percent by volume Q1: What is the percent by volume of ethanol in a solution that contains 35 mL of ethanol dissolved in 155 mL of water?18% Q2: What is the percent by volume of isopropyl alcohol in a solution that contains 24 mL of isopropyl alcohol in 1.1 L of water? 2.1% Q3: If 18 mL of methanol is used to make an aqueous solution that is 15% methanol by volume, how many milliliters of solution is produced? 120 mL

6
Molarity Q1: A mL intravenous (IV) solution contains 5.10 g of glucose (C6 H12O6). What is the molarity of this solution? The molar masses are, C=12’H=1’O=16 g/mol of glucose M Q2: Calculate the molarity of 1.60 L of a solution containing 1.55 g of dissolved KBr. (K=39,Br=80) M Q3: How much calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH )2), in grams, is needed to produce 1.5 L of a 0.25M solution? (Ca=40,O=16,H=1).28g

7
Step 3: Distilled water is added to the flask to bring the solution level up to the calibration mark Step Step Step3 How to prepare an accurate solution? Step 1: The mass of the solute is measured. Step 2: The solute is placed in a volumetric flask of the correct volume.

8
Questions Q1: How many grams of CaCl2 would be dissolved in 1.0 L of a 0.10M solution of CaCl? 11g Q2: How many grams of CaC l2 should be dissolved in mL of water to make a 0.20M solution of CaC l?11g

9
Dilution Equation concentrated solution can be diluted by adding solvent. The number of moles of solute does not change when a concentrated solution is diluted. Dilution Equation: M1 V 1 = M2 V 2 M1 and V1 represent the molarity and volume of the stock solution, and M2 and V2 represent the molarity and volume of the dilute solution.

10
Questions Q1: What volume, in milliliters, of 2.00M calcium chloride (CaC l ) stock solution would you use to make 0.50 L of 0.300M calcium chloride solution? 75ml Q2: If 0.5 L of 5M stock solution of HCl is diluted to make 2 L of solution, how much HCl, in grams, was in the solution? 91.15g

11
Molality Q1: In the lab, a student adds 4.5 g of sodium chloride (NaCl) to g of water. Calculate the molality of the solution. 0.77mol/Kg Q2: What is the molality of a solution containing 10.0 g of N a2SO4 dissolved in g of water? m Q3: How much (Ba (OH)2), in grams, is needed to make a 1.00m aqueous solution? 171g

12
Mole fraction Mole fraction: the ratio of the number of moles of solute in solution to the total number of moles of solute and solvent. Q1: What is the mole fraction of NaOH in an aqueous solution that contains 22.8% NaOH by mass? 0.118 If the mole fraction of sulfuric acid ( H2SO4) in an aqueous solution is 0.325, how much water, in grams, is in 100 mL of the solution?43.8%

13
Questions Q1:Explain the similarities and differences between a 1M solution of NaOH and a 1m solution of NaOH. Both solutions contain NaOH (solute) dissolved in water (solvent). The 1m solution contains 1 mole of NaOH per kilogram of water; the 1M solution contains 1 mole of NaOH per liter of solution.

14
End of section 14.2

Similar presentations

OK

Section 15.2 Describing Solution Composition 1. To understand mass percent and how to calculate it Objective.

Section 15.2 Describing Solution Composition 1. To understand mass percent and how to calculate it Objective.

© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on cadbury dairy milk Ppt on job satisfaction and attitude Ppt on diode as rectifier circuits Ppt on measuring central venous pressure Ppt on atrial septal defect sound Download ppt on oxidation and reduction practice Ppt on art of war game Ppt on anti bullying Ppt on landing gear system for motorcycles Ppt on adjectives for class 2