3Situational Analysis 85.2 million Filipinos (2005) 32.8 million Filipino children aged 0-17 (43.4% of population)2.5 million indigenous children13.5 million aged 0-6Fertility rate (3.6)Population growth rate (2.4%)33.7% or 4.3 million families are at risk or live below the poverty threshold
4Out of every 100 Filipino children: 8 will likely die before their 5th birthday30 suffer from under nutrition26 are not immunized against preventable diseases10 suffer from some form of physical or mental disability or developmental delay67 of the 3-4 year olds are not able to experience early childhood stimulation40 five-year olds are not able to enter preschool17 never go to school
5How about the unborn ? 7 out of 10 pregnancies are high-risk Many babies lose their mothers due to complications of pregnancy and child birthThe problem of under nutrition begins in the womb.
6Threats facing Filipino children are related to: HealthNutritionEducationProtection
7ECCD in the Philippines Responds to the needs and indivisible rights of 0-6 year old children;Offers a full range of holistic services for optimum growth and development;Involves all sectors of the society, including families and communities;Overall purpose was to support government’s efforts to improve child survival and readiness for productive life.
8Legal Bases of ECCD 1978 – PD 1567 “The Barangay Day Care Centre Law” 1987 – RA 6972” The Barangay Level Total Development and Protection of Children Act”2000 – EO 310 “Child 21”2000 – RA 8980 “Early Childhood Care and Development Act”
9ECCD System Components ECCD Curriculum –refers to the developmentally and culturally age-appropriate learning activities and materials; it combines health care and nutrition, early learning psychosocial, and cultural activities.Parents and Community Involvement – relates to the strengthening or parents and community as active partners in ECCD projects and programs.Human Resource Development Programs – professionalizing the ECCD service provides/supervisors/program managers and upgrading their core competenciesECCD Management – processes of planning, implementation, supervision, financial management, monitoring, and evaluation of ECCD programQuality Standards and Accreditation – ensure that ECCD programs and each component of the ECCD system complies with quality standards.
10ECCD Objectives Child Improve infant and child survival rates Enhance the holistic development of young children (physical, social, emotional, cognitive, spiritual);Facilitate a smooth transition from care and education provided at home to the community and to the school.Ensure that young children are adequately prepared for the formal learning system;Establish and efficient system for early identification, prevention, referral and intervention for development disorders and disabilities in early childhood
11Continuation – ECCD Objectives ParentsEnhance the role of parents and other caregivers as the primary educators and caregivers of their childrenService ProvidersEnhance the capabilities of service providers and their supervisorsCommunityEnhance and sustain the efforts of communities in promoting ECCD programsQuality StandardsImprove the quality standards of public and private ECCD programs
12National Government – Government Agencies – Inter Agencies Province/ Highly Urbanized CitiesCity/ Municipality Program Management & SupervisionBarangay (Village)Young Children and FamiliesECCD Service DeliveryECCD Service DeliveryProvince- Monitoring/ Technical SupportNational – Standard Dev’t Co Financing
13Ex – Officio MembersPhil. Information AgencyNAPC –CBS Sectoral Rep
14ECCD Program Interventions Refers to the full range of health, nutrition, earlyeducation, psycho-social and otherservices/interventions that provide for theholistic needs of children from the 0-6 years topromote their optimum growth and developmentCenter-basedHome-based
15ECCD Service Delivery Modes Home-based-family day care, neighborhood play groups, parenteducation and home-visitation programsCenter-based-day care centers, child-minding centers, publicand private preschools (and/or kindergarten)community and church-based early educationprograms, workplace child care and education, healthand nutrition centers and posts
16STATUS OF ECCD in the Philippines ECCD Law coverage areas:17 administrative regions46 provinces (56%), 15 highly urbanized cities and 218 priority municipalities (national coverage is 79 provinces and 25 HUCs)GOP-UNICEF coverage areas:24 areas (19 provinces and 5 cities)ECD Project funded by World Bank-ADB13 provinces, 132 municipalities and cities in 3 regions (VI, VII, XII)Other ECCD playersPlan international, Save the Children, World Vision, Christian Children’s Fund, Local NGOs, church groups, private sectors, labor groups, parents’ groups, etc.
17Policies and standards formulated NewbornNational Plan of Action for ChildrenAdoption of ECCD checklist as standard tool for objectively measuring child development in 7 domains:*Gross Motor, Fine Motor, Self-help, Receptive language, Expressive language, Cognitive, Social Emotional
18National pre-school education program for 5 year olds (EO 349, 2004) Standardize curriculum for 5 year olds in barangay day care centers and train day care workers and teachersIntegrated health and nutrition components (weight, deworming and supplemental feeding)Day care centers to hold separate sessions for 5 year olds using standard curriculumSet up preschool classes in barangays without day care center for public preschoolPilot implementation in 30 provinces (in 91 poorest municipalities) for to reach some childrenIncrease annual coverage to reach 100% of coverage childrenPreschool to be eventually part of the education ladder
19Accreditation and licensing of center-based ECCD programs Selection of ECCD Learning Materials (for 0-6)Micronutrient Supplementation (weekly iron supplementation)Food Supplementation (supplemental feeding program as part of the over-all child nutrition program)
20ECCD Early Learning Standards – statements of expectations of what children (0-6) should know and are able to do (age, developmentally and culturally-appropriate, gender-fair, holistic and integrative)Framework on Parent Education and Involvement Advocacy and Mobilization of CommunitiesSystem on early screening, detection and identification of children with disabilitiesDevelopment of a Human resource development program to professionalize ECCD service providers, volunteers, supervisors and program managers
21Capacity BuildingTraining of trainers (TOT)Training of ECCD workers/service providersResearch/Studies11 studies have been completed under ADB-WB ECD ProjectSocial Marketing and Advocacy“Bright Child” – unifying campaign/brand names in pursuing integrated approach to ECCD
22SUBAYBAY BATA MONITORING SYSTEM Vital ComponentsMacro Monitoring System (done in 2003)Micro Monitoring System ( )A. Macro Monitoring System1. Child status monitoring2. Based on administrative reporting systems and the census andthe surveys conducted by the Philippine Statistical System3. Two reports to be generated: CRC Country implementation(every five years) and Annual State of Filipino ChildrenReport
23B. Micro Monitoring System Responds to the call for an issue and area-based monitoring systemRequires setting up of monitoring sites (at barangay level) and capability of building for data banking, analysis and utilizationExplore on the development of a bridge program between existing community-based MS and Dev Info softwareAimed at making the basic unit of local government be responsible for data management
24Key Challenges in ECCD Enhancing policy and program environment Reducing disparities/increasing access to and improving quality of ECCD servicesIncreasing investment and spending for ECCDIntensifying advocacy and education of parents, families and communities for increased participation on ECCD
25Increasing appreciation on the important of ECCD as a foundation for human development Institutionalize the Subaybay Bata Monitoring System at various levels of governance (equity, effectiveness, efficiency)Strengthening local governance on ECCD (databanking and MIS, financial management, planning and programming, advocacy and mobilization)Delivery of 4 legacies on children (local development and investment plan, local code and local state of children report)Performance-based incentive and awards system
26Emmalita M. Mañalac MD, MPH, FPPS THANK YOU!Emmalita M. Mañalac MD, MPH, FPPS