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Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Duck Production in India.

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Presentation on theme: "Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Duck Production in India."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Duck Production in India

2 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Rationale o Duck rearing in India is a traditional activity among rural poor Ducks are kept mainly for egg production o Duck meat production is non-existent o Duck cum Fish Farming on village ponds is very popular in South India

3 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Duck Population o In 1987 India counted 23.5 million ducks representing 8.5 % of India’s poultry population o In 1994 India counted 18.7 million ducks representing 4.34 % of India’s poultry population o 92% of the total duck population are local ducks “DESI”, non-descriptive type, disease resistant, low body weight and 100-150 eggs/year

4 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Local Distribution o Duck rearing is concentrated in the o Eastern & North Eastern States Bihar, West Bengal & Assam (in 1987: population of 18,799.000 ducks) & o Southern States Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andra Pradesh: (in 1987: population of 1,914.000 ducks)

5 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Purpose of Duck keeping o Ducks are considered as an important source of o human food o supplementary income o and employment opportunities for rural farmers and enterprises who supply duck farmers with inputs and services such as hatching eggs, ducklings, feed mixes, transportation & marketing

6 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Purpose of Duck keeping Ducks o are providing organic manure for crops and fish tanks o help to reduce diseases in cattle (Liver fluke and Nasal Schistosomiasis) by feeding on the population of snails serving as an intermediate host for the parasites causing these diseases)

7 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Duck Production Parameter Price per duck in averageUS$ 2.36 Government subsidies:25% up to 40% return per bird/year:US$ 2.40 to 4.06

8 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Duck Production Parameter Small schemes (extensive): o flock size:5 to 200 ducks o return (per bird/year):US$ 2.40 Extensive i.e. free range system o ducks are enclosed during the night in shelters, with enclosures made from bamboo o eggs are collected in the morning and sold to middle- men

9 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Duck Production Parameter medium to large schemes: o flock size:1000 and more ducks o return (per bird/year): US$ 4.06 semi-intensive to intensive rearing: o prefabricated feed mixes, veterinary services, confinement, reduced labor costs per bird

10 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Manure Production LivestockLive weight (kg) Dung Production (kg Dm per head/day) N content (% in mg) N Production year (kg) on dry matter basis Buffalo4605.800.8016.90 Cattle3504.400.7311.70 Goat 200.301.321.50 Sheep 200.300.911.00 Chicken 20.053.900.07 Ducks 30.063.000.07

11 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Nitrogen Production LivestockManure Production (kg DM per Animal/Year) N Content (%) Livestock required to produce 174.7 kg of fish per 200 m² pond/year* (No.) Livestock required to produce 8735 kg of fish per ha pond/year (No.) Buffalo 750.01.1 1.785 Dairy Cow 784.0 2.2 0.840 Pig 178.01.9 8.2410 Laying duck 20.62.526.71335 * estimates based on equivalent nitrogen manure inputs to the fish pond

12 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Nutrient Content of Eggs Ducks Chicken adapted from Pingel, H.; 1988

13 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo References: o Dr. Sathe; 1995; Smallholder Duck Rearing In India; Proceedings of the 10 th European Symposium on Waterfowl, March 26-31, 1995; Halle (Saale) Germany; p. 42-44. o Indian Poultry Industry Yearbook; 1994. 10 th ed.; New Delhi, India.p.88. o Nageswara, A.R. et al.,1997. Comparison of Growth Performances of Khaki Campbell, Indian Local Ducks and Their Reciprocal Crosses. Proceedings of the 11 th European Symposium on Waterfowl, September 08-10, 1997; Nantes France; p. 284-288 o Pingel, H.; 1988. Enten. Bücher für Kleintierfreunde. VEB Deutscher Landwirtschaftsverlag Berlin. Germany

14 Lecture held in December 1997 at the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Peradeniya, Sri Lanka by S. Hugo Duck Production in India Thank you for your attention For further questions send an e-mail to Susanne_Hugo@hotmail.com


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