15 Data on illegal abortion Poland?Northern Ireland?Portugal?Russia?
16 ABORTION RATES IN EUROPE Western EuropeNetherlands: 6.5/1000 women yrsabortion ratio: 10.6total ab. rate: 0.2Eastern EuropeRomania: /1000 women yrsabortion ratio: 63.0total ab. rate: 2.3
17 Abortion rates in Western Europe (abortions/1,000 women yrs) Source: The Alan Guttmacher Institute. Sharing responsibility. Women society and abortion worldwide. New York: The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1999: 54.
18 Abortion rates in Eastern Europe (abortions/1,000 women yrs) Source: The Alan Guttmacher Institute. Sharing responsibility. Women society and abortion worldwide. New York: The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 1999: 54.
19 ABORTION PRACTICES Safe abortion early in pregnancy by well-trained practitionerusing surgical or medical methodin legal setting
20 First trimester abortion vacuum aspirationdilatation and curretagemedical abortionmifepristone & prostaglandinsmethotrexate & prostaglandins
21 The history of vacuum aspiration 1863: Simpson (Scotland)1927: Bykov (Russia)1958: Tsai, Wu, Wu (China)1961: Zubejev (Russia)1964: Novak (Slovenia)1968: Novak - transfer to the West
23 Availability of medical abortion AvailableAustriaBelgiumDenmarkFranceGermanyIsraelNetherlandsRussiaSloveniaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandUnited KingdomNot availableCzech RepublicGreeceHungaryIrelandItalyPolandPortugalTurkey
24 Second trimester abortion medical induction with prostaglandinsdilatation and evacuationintrauterine instillation of prostaglandins, hypertonic saline
25 CONCLUSION good family planning service appropriate legislation of abortion law and practiceare the essential conditionsto reduce the need for abortionto prevent unsafe abortion
26 Acknowledgments Ann Verougstraete Sven Skouby George Creatsas David CibulaGyoergy BartfaiMary ShortMelanija OrleanJany RademakersRob BeerthuizenMedard LechIrina SavelievaVera PrilevskaiaCarme CollSinan OzalpAnn Webb