Presentation on theme: "Ethics in Teaching According to a study from the American"— Presentation transcript:
1Ethics in Teaching According to a study from the American Psychologist, which of the following did mostfaculty polled find unethical?Ignoring a student’s cheatingTeaching a class without being adequatelyprepared that dayPrivately tutoring students in yourdepartment for payTeaching in classes so crowded that itaffects your effectiveness(1991 by Tabachnick and colleagues)
2Ethics in TeachingOf 482 faculty surveyed in the study, allof the previously mentioned situationswere considered definitely to somewhatunethical.
3Ethics in Teaching At the end of this module, you will: Know a working definition of ethics inteachingUnderstand guiding ethical questions used tomake decisions in teachingBe able to identify ethical questions in trickysituationsKnow the three principles of ethical conductput forth by the American Association ofUniversity Professors (AAUP).
4Murray and colleagues defined ethics as A Definition of EthicsMurray and colleagues defined ethics as“general guidelines, ideals, orexpectations that need to be taken intoaccount, along with other relevantconditions and circumstances, in thedesign and analysis of teaching.”(From New Directions in Teaching and Learning,1997, Vol. 66.)
5Another Definition of Ethics According to Marilla Svinicki at U.T.Austin, being ethical in the classroommeans considering the responsibilitieswe have to students and colleagues. Inother words, we can think about ethicsin terms of the responsibilities we haveand how we fulfill those obligations.
6Example SituationConsider this situation: You are a newfaculty member at UTD. Your programhead tells you that you WILL teach aclass in an area that is only tangential towhat you know.Ethically, can you teach it?What should you do?
7Analyzing Ethical Dilemmas In analyzing these dilemmas, we canthink about some ideas from Marilla’sSvinicki’s workshop at UT on ethics:Is the situation public or private?How much can you separate therelationship with a student orcolleague from your evaluation ofstudents?
8Analyzing Ethical Dilemmas, cont’d Do institutional standards condone theaction? Is it something other facultydo and accept?Is this an equitable situation forstudents? For you?
9Consider Teaching Class in an Area You Don’t Know It is a private matter that you don’t knowthe content but it affects your publicpersona if you pretend to teach what youdo not know.Will you be able to evaluate students’learning and knowledge of an area youdo not know yourself?
10Consider Teaching Class in an Area You Don’t Know, cont’d Do other faculty at UTD teach in areasthey do not know well or at all? Is it anaccepted practice? Do the studentsknow about it?Will the students gain the knowledge,skills, and ways of thinking from thecourse that they need to succeed in thefuture?
11Another Ethical Example You have several international studentstaking your class. A few of thesestudents bring you gifts near the end ofthe semester because that is what theydo in their respective cultures. They donot understand the American idea ofaccepting such gifts as possiblybribing the teacher. What would you door say?
12Questions to Ask Before Accepting Gifts What would other students in the class think ifthey found out that you were given andaccepted these gifts? Could you mention thegifts to other students without feelinguncomfortable?How valuable are these gifts to the students?To you? Are they valuable enough to changeyour opinion of the students? Will a gift causeyou to evaluate a student differently than youwould have otherwise?
13Questions to Ask Before Accepting Gifts Do other faculty accept gifts fromstudents? Do students at UTD recognizethis practice as typical?Would other students believe thatgiving you gifts could gain them favor?
14AAUP Statement on Ethics In 1987, the American Association ofUniversity Professors (AAUP) published aStatement on Professional Ethics. Fromthis statement, ethics in teaching arebased on the following principles:
15AAUP Statement on Ethics, cont’d “Developing and improving scholarlycompetence.”Is it ethical to get behind in your field?Probably not.Is it ethical to think about your teaching and tryto improve it?Definitely yes.
16AAUP Statement on Ethics, cont’d “Encourage the free pursuit oflearning….demonstrate respect forstudents as individuals and adhere totheir proper roles as intellectual guidesand counselors.”There are many questions you can askyourself about this principle:
17AAUP Statement on Ethics, cont’d Do you give your students the opportunityto question and disagree?Do you put forth all views on a subject?Do you create an open environment inyour classroom to allow students to askquestions?Do you have and keep your office hours to beavailable to students outside of class?Do you have set procedures for grading that all students know and understand?Do you follow your procedures for evaluatingstudents without exceptions for favorites?
18AAUP Statement on Ethics, cont’d “Avoid any exploitation, harassment,or discriminatory treatment ofstudents…do not discriminate against orharass colleagues.”Do you give students appropriate credit forwork they’ve done on your research?Do you cut short appointments with studentsyou don’t like?Do you try to avoid students you do notunderstand, who do not speak English well?
19Being an Ethical Faculty Member What is the most important way you canbe ethical as a faculty member?Talk about ethics to your students. Tellthem that everyone will make mistakesbut that you are dedicated to upholdingthe highest ethical ideals of ourprofession. Have a conversation withthem about how they can be ethicalstudents and how you will be an ethicalfaculty member.
20Summary You have learned: One of many definitions of ethics in teaching.That some guiding ethical questions used tomake decisions in teaching center aroundhow private or public the situation is as well as how equitable students perceive you to be.How to identify ethical questions in trickysituationsThree principles of ethical conduct put forthby the AAUP.Click here to test what you’ve learned.
21Which of the following is NOT an ethical issue from Tabachnick’s 1991 study? a) Ignoring a student’s cheating.b) Teaching a class without beingadequately prepared that day.c) Teaching class when you arepreoccupied by a personal issue.d) Teaching in classes so crowded that itaffects your effectiveness.Check your answer
22Which of the following is NOT an ethical issue from Tabachnick’s 1991 study? a) Ignoring a student’s cheating.b) Teaching a class without beingadequately prepared that day.c) Teaching class when you arepreoccupied by a personal issue.d) Teaching in classes so crowded that itaffects your effectiveness.
23Which of the following is NOT one of the AAUP’s ethical principles? a) Developing and improving scholarlycompetenceb) Encouraging the free pursuit oflearningc) Demonstrating respect for students asindividualsd) Developing nurturing relationshipswith studentsCheck your answer
24Which of the following is NOT one of the AAUP’s ethical principles? a) Developing and improving scholarlycompetenceb) Encouraging the free pursuit oflearningc) Demonstrating respect for students asindividualsd) Developing nurturing relationshipswith studentsPress the <esc> key to exit this module.