Presentation on theme: "Maria-Paz Fernandez Education in Chile. Chile Population: –17.2 million Government: –Democratic Republic –Central government GDP Per Capita of $17,200."— Presentation transcript:
Chile Population: –17.2 million Government: –Democratic Republic –Central government GDP Per Capita of $17,200 (US $49,000) Ranked 15/136 countries with most unequal family income distribution (US is 42)
Chile 15 Regions 344 communes in Continental Chile Administrative division: Regions Communes
Chilean Educational System Three types of schools –Public –Subsidized –Private 2 standardized tests: –PSU (12 th grade), University admissions test. Those who score above 450 points can apply to the best Universities –Simce (2 nd, 8 th and 10 th grades) Differences between types of schools Source: DEMRE
Protests Against the Education System Consequences of current educational system –Differences between types of schools –Differences in access to high quality education determined by income –Access to University Several factors can determine quality of education Source: La Tercera Source: The Clinic
Are there any areas (hotspots) where the government should focus its attention in public Education?
School Coverage Are there areas where more public schools are needed? Darkest areas show concentrations of population and schools. There appears not to be a coverage problem.
Test Scores 2 standardized tests: –PSU (12 th grade) –Simce (2 nd, 8 th and 10 th grades) Are there any areas where public schools tend to do worse on standardized tests? There appears to be no concentration.
Teachers are evaluated by the government. Their skills are classified in one of 4 categories: – Outstanding – Competent (minimum) – Basic – Insufficient Are there any areas where schools tend to have more teachers with lower skills? Teacher Quality
Poverty Poverty as an important factor that can lead to lower students’ performance Students are measured in 3 priority levels – “Vulnerability” Are there any areas where schools tend to have more vulnerable students?
Education Index Parents’ education is important factor. Are there any areas where people tend to have a lower educational attainment index?
Findings The Araucania and Los Rios regions are the educational hotspots They should receive more attention from the government because they have the most “vulnerable” schools
Sources Brandt, Nicola. (2010). Chile: Climbing on Giants´ Shoulders: Better Schools for all Chilean Children. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OCDE). ESRI, www.esri.comwww.esri.com Integrated System of Territorial Information (SIIT), Library of Congress Chile, siit.bcn.cl National Statistics Institute Chile (INE), www.ine.clwww.ine.cl La Tercera, www.latercera.comwww.latercera.com Ministry of Education Chile (Mineduc), www.mineduc.gob.clwww.mineduc.gob.cl National System of Municipal Information Chile (Sinim), www.sinim.cl/indicadores/busq_serie_var.phpwww.sinim.cl/indicadores/busq_serie_var.php Suryadarma, Daniel, et al. (2006). Improving Student Performance in Public Primary Schools in Developing Countries. Evidence from Indonesia. World Bank Research Paper. The Clinic, www.theclinic.clwww.theclinic.cl University of Chile, Department of Education Evaluation, Measurement and Registry (DEMRE), www.demre.cl/estadisticas.htm www.demre.cl/estadisticas.htm University of Chile, Department of Education Evaluation, Measurement and Registry (DEMRE). (2012). Compendio Estadístico Proceso de Admisión Año Académico 2012. Santiago, University of Chile. World Bank, Data Catalog, data.worldbank.org