Presentation on theme: "Some STI Statistics in Myanmar"— Presentation transcript:
1Some STI Statistics in Myanmar Dr. Soe WinDirector-General, Department of Higher Education(Upper Myanmar)Ministry of EducationandAung ThanTutor, Department of Statistics, Meiktila Institute of Economics
2Introduction The Republic of the Union of Myanmar situated in South Eastern Asiatotal land area is 677,000 sq.km.China, Laos, Thailand, India and Bangladesh are neighborsenjoys a tropical monsoon climatepopulation is estimated over 59 million in 2010 with almost 70% of the population living in rural areas
3Myanmar Administration Democratic GovernmentAdministration in two tires:Union governmentState or Regional government5-year periodically electionUnion of 7 states and 7 Regions with seats of government located in the central city, Nay Pyi Taw.
4We emphasize on - Building of modern industrialized nation through - From Agro-based Economy to Industrialized EconomyTo Strengthen Scientific Knowledge and Technological DevelopmentBuilding of modern industrialized nation through -the agricultural development and all-round development of other sectors of the economy;developing the electric power and energy sectors to be in conformity with the developing trend of industries;having continuous development for the infrastructure sector and realizing balanced economy and all-round development of the economy
5Statistical System in Myanmar Central Statistical Organization (CSO) functioning on a national level since 1952Some ministries set up their own planning and statistical departments.Other ministries have separate statistical units in Ministry level as well as Department level.
6Science and Technology Indicators Cannot get S&T Indicators directly because there is no institution responsible for collecting them.Respective ministries conduct required surveys and collect data.By using these data, we can extract the related data and collect the S&T related indicators.
7Sources of data, generally Primary SourceAdministrative Records of Related MinistriesSecondary SourceStatistical YearbookHandbook on Human Resources Development IndicatorsSoci0economic Development in Myanmar
8Research and Development Myanmar produce R&D statistics and indicators indirectly.Rarely to do R&D Survey because each ministry compute the statistics according to their requirements.Ministry of Education conducts research in the field of social sciences, arts and natural sciences.
9Research and Training Centers under the Ministry of Education Universities Research CenterAsia Research CenterMarine Science Research and Training CenterSet-se Aquaculture Research CenterMyanmar-India Center for English Language TrainingMyanmar-India Entrepreneurship Development Center
1030-year Long-term Education Development Plan 2001/02 FY – 2030/31 FY The six core areas under focus are:Development of human resourceUtilization of technologyExpansion of researchDevelopment of a lifelong learning societyPromotion of the quality of education andPreservation of national identity and national values.
11Researches under Ministry of Education TypesFinishedOperatingPublishedFieldsUsRJ 1UsRJ 2UsRJ 3MAASURJ 1URJ 2TotalArts1987958287734208154123624Natural Sciences174798674120795501621211106Social Sciences291788133551814111402520221102101168133342581841Source: Ministry of Education, 2011Note: UsRJ means Universities Research Journal.MAAS means Myanmar Academy of Arts and Sciences.URJ means University Research Journal which is published by each university.
12Number of Higher Education Institutions to Corresponding Ministries Sr. No.Name of MinistryNo. of Institutions1.Ministry of Education642.Ministry of Science and Technology613.Ministry of Health154.Ministry of Defense55.Ministry of Co-operative6.Ministry of Transport27.Ministry of Culture8.Ministry of Border Affairs9.Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation110.Ministry of Live Stock and Fisheries11.Ministry of Environmental Preservation and Forestry12.Union Civil Services BoardTotal161Source: Ministry of Education
13Graduates by Fields of Science and Technology Medical and Health Sciences Bachelor's Degree883127419072329248241683808Diploma60963012401434147612861224Master's Degree213272231291296219270PhD879141513Engineering and Technology26034704171716903400396774317617221010432576103117914651758172014053007554688192132425195298Social Sciences166553258966575057225793515613453012251491381132314451191091142021861175791210186Agricultural Sciences4914385485164312744313417-Art and Natural Sciences140572762601537581099279001690448944572636188250586013268149962669PhD in Arts5145329169PhD in Natural Sciences64112267226586563448PhD Total69129301371915773617Source: Statistical Year Book, 2009 and Ministry of Education
14Study abroad by the fields of study Field of Study20042005200620072008Medical Science137287611762Engineering3091254979147Social Science357293205332310Education203122163269Agriculture460472250356423Natural Science1091863974158Humanities and Arts12132530Fine Arts and Culture7615Others11142Source: Statistical Year Book, 2009
15Researchers in Higher Education Sector Type of InstitutionMedicine13221537153116381552Dental Medicine217209273274263Medical Technology101951359498Nursing149269245247218Pharmacy79831158276Community Health51585975Technology345464686727874Myanmar Aerospace and Engineering888770Economics437496445433Education219250251227374Agriculture136140151148171Forestry3638345557Veterinary Science5674Computer Science and Technology367335275272234Computer67710006278961297Art and Science Universities9596103791011797629484Total1392115481151391507015348Source: Statistical Year Book, 2009
16Research, Current and Capital Expenditures of the Ministry of Education Financial Year Types of Expenditure2005/062006/072007/082008/092009/10UpperMyanmarResearch Expenditure4.485.808.4411.1714.25Current ExpenditureCapital ExpenditureLower8.8310.058.6010.809.92Source: Ministry of Education
17Innovation is needed for a Nation’s development, Myanmar also try to do the best.
18Main Obstacles High cost of the innovation project Lack of financing Need more co-ordination and collaboration.Dedicated institutions are needed.
19In future, we are going to promote Research and Development Activities and Innovation. As a consequence, we will collect R&D and Innovation statistics and conduct R&D and Innovation surveys appropriately.