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History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e1 Instructor E-Sources PowerPoint Presentation The History of Texas E-SOURCE CENTER.

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Presentation on theme: "History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e1 Instructor E-Sources PowerPoint Presentation The History of Texas E-SOURCE CENTER."— Presentation transcript:

1 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e1 Instructor E-Sources PowerPoint Presentation The History of Texas E-SOURCE CENTER Nora E. McMillan & Carol A. Keller San Antonio College

2 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e2 Instructor E-Sources PowerPoint Presentation The History of Texas Chapter 1 Contact of Civilizations

3 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e3 Learning Outcomes comprehend the New World setting & Old World historical factors shaping the era of Spanish exploration & settlement, appreciate the indigenous presence & the cultural exchanges taking place, understand the Europeanization process, including colonizing baggage & institutionalization, comprehend the significance of incorporation.

4 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e4 Contact of Civilizations The Texas story begins 30,000 years agoThe Texas story begins 30,000 years ago –Ice Age migrations –Agriculture develops, 7000 B.C.E. Pre-Columbian New world culturesPre-Columbian New world cultures –12 million people in North America Iroquois Five civilized tribes Pueblos –Central America Toltec AztecAztec

5 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e5 The Indigenous Peoples of Texas The Coastal IndiansThe Coastal Indians –Karankawa –Coahuiltecan The Caddo, Northeast TexasThe Caddo, Northeast Texas The Jumano, Trans-Pecos areaThe Jumano, Trans-Pecos area The Plains IndiansThe Plains Indians –Apaches –Comanches –Kiowas –Tonkawas

6 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e6 The First Europeans The European contextThe European context –The Muslim Era & the reconquista –Castile & the legacy of the reconquista The Catholic Church as ally Agrarian Castile –Sheep –Cattle Urban Castile –Municipal government –ayuntamientos (city-councils) –hermandades (brotherhoods) The Iberian Kingdoms ~ los reyes católicosThe Iberian Kingdoms ~ los reyes católicos

7 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e7 The First Europeans New World contactsNew World contacts –Christopher Columbus –Spain transforms the New World –The Conquistadores Vasco Nunez de Balboa Ponce de Leon Hernán Cortes & the Aztec Empire Francisco Pizarro & the Inca Empire

8 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e8 The First Europeans Looking for fortunes in TexasLooking for fortunes in Texas –Cabeza de Vaca & Estevanico –Friar Marcos de Niza –Francisco Vásquez de Coronado –Hernando de Soto Competition for the NorthCompetition for the North –Dutch –French –English

9 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e9 Coronado on the High Plains ~ Frederick Remington

10 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e10 Colonizing Baggage Spanish North AmericaSpanish North America –The colonization process The presidio The mission The settlement –The rancho –The villa The Spanish SouthwestThe Spanish Southwest –Don Juan de Oñate expedition, 1598 –Santa Fe founded, 1609

11 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e11 Colonizing Baggage Spanish TexasSpanish Texas –Western Texas The Jumanos –The Lady in Blue –Trade: pearls & buffalo –El Paso & the Pueblo Revolt refugees –Mission Expeditions –Eastern Texas The French Threat –La Salle and the Mississippi River basin –Explorations in Texas, 1685-87 –La Salles death & Spanish counter-thrust

12 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e12 Colonizing Baggage The Spanish in eastern TexasThe Spanish in eastern Texas –The Caddos The SettlementsThe Settlements IncorporationIncorporation –Annexation into the national core –la frontera: transplanting Spanish civilization –The institutions of colonization

13 History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. History of Texas, 4e13 Key Words & Terms (1) Pre-contact Era Tenochtitlan Coahuiltecans Xinesi (Caddo) Jumano Spanish Era 1521-1821 Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca Estevanico, el Moro (el Negro) Jose de Escandon Fray Isidro de Espinosa Fray Juan Agustin Morfi Alonso de Leon Continue ~ Spanish Era Francisco Coronado Cibola/Gran Quivira Louis Juchereau de St. Denis Father Francisco Hidalgo Captain Domingo Ramon Spanish terms reconquista conquistadores rancheros vaqueros Islenos


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