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Nkurunziza Gelase ISABU/Maize

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Presentation on theme: "Nkurunziza Gelase ISABU/Maize"— Presentation transcript:

1 Nkurunziza Gelase ISABU/Maize

2  Burundi area: km 2  Population in 2008:  More than 90%: agricultural people  Cereals as maize: main crop in Burundi  Principal known deseases of maize in Burundi: MSV, Common Rust, Turci, GLS,  MSV is a dangerous desease because it is diffucult to control and the resistant varieties degenerate very quickly

3  About MLND: - Not sure if there is MLN in Burundi - Overlook the symptoms of MLN - High probality to have it in Burundi  Need to confirm that MLN exits or no by analysis  Opportunities: phyto laboratory, staff

4  Sample collected and analysed: 2 possibilities of results:  MLND do not exist in Burundi: strategies to convert its entry in the country  MLND exist in Burundi: strategies to fight against its propagation or to manage it

5  Educate farmers about the disease: symptoms, its scale, mode of propagation, its means of control, etc.  Early alert systems: if a farmer suspected of similar symptoms, he must inform the agricultural services  Promote and popularize the rotation system that prevents its spread: avoid previous crops based cereals, would prevent virus survival on intermediate hosts

6  Popularize the best system and planting date: not spread over the seedlings in the same site, even if irrigation is possible or even if it rains all year  Avoid imported germplasm or seed from countries where the disease exists  Conduct research on the selection or development of MLN resistant varieties

7  Train the farmers about the disease: symptoms, its scale, mode of propagation, strategies for control, etc.  Promote and popularize the rotation system that prevents its spread: avoid previous crops based on cereals would prevent virus survival on intermediate hosts

8  Conduct research on the selection or development of resistance varieties  Collaborate with international research institutes working on maize  Disseminate MLND resistant varieties

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