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Developing Community Policing in Transitional Societies: A Ukrainian Case Study Adrian Beck Senior Lecturer in Crime and Policing Scarman Centre University.

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Presentation on theme: "Developing Community Policing in Transitional Societies: A Ukrainian Case Study Adrian Beck Senior Lecturer in Crime and Policing Scarman Centre University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Developing Community Policing in Transitional Societies: A Ukrainian Case Study Adrian Beck Senior Lecturer in Crime and Policing Scarman Centre University of Leicester, UK INTERNATIONAL POLICE EXECUTIVE SYMPOSIUM 10 th ANNUAL MEETING 11-15 OCTOBER 2003 KINGDOM OF BAHRAIN KINGDOM OF BAHRAIN

2 Background Soviet backgroundSoviet background Ukrainian independenceUkrainian independence Background to projectBackground to project

3 Background Context-Driven Community Policing in Ukraine ProjectContext-Driven Community Policing in Ukraine Project –Funding from the UKs Foreign and Commonwealth Office –Partnership Between University of Leicester, National University of the Ministry of Interior in Ukraine, and Local Police in the City of Kharkiv, Ukraine –3 Year Project –Carried out in 2 Areas of the City 1 inner city1 inner city 1 suburban1 suburban –Adopted a Phased Approach

4 Phase 1: Understanding the Context Carry out research to identify and understand the local contextCarry out research to identify and understand the local context –Survey of 2,000 residents –Survey of all available militia officers –Review of police practices and procedures

5 Context High levels of mistrust on both sides – 67% of public did not trust the militiaHigh levels of mistrust on both sides – 67% of public did not trust the militia Only a third said they would help the militiaOnly a third said they would help the militia Militia thought barriers to co-operation were lack of financial reward for public, considered unimportant and a lack of trustMilitia thought barriers to co-operation were lack of financial reward for public, considered unimportant and a lack of trust About a third of public said they would help only if they thought it was the right thing to doAbout a third of public said they would help only if they thought it was the right thing to do High levels thought co-operation was importantHigh levels thought co-operation was important Low levels of reporting crimeLow levels of reporting crime Concerns about burglaryConcerns about burglary

6 Objectives Meet the specific needs of the local communityMeet the specific needs of the local community Improve relations between police and public – increase levels of trustImprove relations between police and public – increase levels of trust Increase frequency of (positive) contactsIncrease frequency of (positive) contacts Raise awareness of crime prevention amongst various groupsRaise awareness of crime prevention amongst various groups Increase rates of recording crimeIncrease rates of recording crime

7 Phase 2: Implementing Schemes Militia ReorganisationMilitia Reorganisation –More officers, new posts, areas released from data collection duties, new training course, re-instigated school-related activities Militia-Public Consultative Committees/MeetingsMilitia-Public Consultative Committees/Meetings –Held once a month Watch SchemesWatch Schemes –Set up local NGO, held meetings in experimental areas, elected co-ordinators, trained co-ordinators, organised at the block level, introduced burglary reduction scheme Crime Prevention LiteratureCrime Prevention Literature

8 Phase 3: Evaluating the Impact Repeat survey of 2,000 residentsRepeat survey of 2,000 residents Repeat survey of all available militia officersRepeat survey of all available militia officers Mini surveys of participantsMini surveys of participants Interviews with key project participantInterviews with key project participant

9 Summary Findings Increase in public recognition of the importance of better links (60%-67%)Increase in public recognition of the importance of better links (60%-67%) Increased willingness to meet the beat officer (26%-37%)Increased willingness to meet the beat officer (26%-37%) Increased willingness to help the militia (30%- 36%) (47%)Increased willingness to help the militia (30%- 36%) (47%) Increase in levels of satisfaction with militia (63%-74%)Increase in levels of satisfaction with militia (63%-74%) Increase in crime reporting rates (14%-30%)Increase in crime reporting rates (14%-30%) Modest increase in police-initiated contactsModest increase in police-initiated contacts

10 Summary Findings Little increase in public-initiated contactsLittle increase in public-initiated contacts No discernable increase in general levels of trust (participants: 44%-56%)No discernable increase in general levels of trust (participants: 44%-56%) NW participants felt scheme improved relationsNW participants felt scheme improved relations Vast majority of schoolchildren enjoyed visitsVast majority of schoolchildren enjoyed visits Greater understanding by militia of the importance of links with the publicGreater understanding by militia of the importance of links with the public Scheme participants taking greater precautionsScheme participants taking greater precautions Prevalence rate in areas went down from 56% to 30%)Prevalence rate in areas went down from 56% to 30%)

11 Broader Lessons Context is critical and difficult!Context is critical and difficult! Local participation is vitalLocal participation is vital Research is pivotalResearch is pivotal Expectations must be realisticExpectations must be realistic Structural problems remainStructural problems remain –Performance indicators, centralism, pay and resources, training

12 Thank You!


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