Presentation on theme: "The evaluation of individual schools in Europe and France: some reflections Dr Sotiria Grek JOINT SEMINAR SICI- FRENCH GENERAL INSPECTORATES 20-21 November."— Presentation transcript:
The evaluation of individual schools in Europe and France: some reflections Dr Sotiria Grek JOINT SEMINAR SICI- FRENCH GENERAL INSPECTORATES 20-21 November 2008 CRETEIL, Paris 12 Val de Marne University
The FabQ project comparing and contrasting QAE in Finland, England, Sweden, Denmark and Scotland; exploring policy convergence, divergence and policy learning; investigating QAE systems, processes and technologies, including data production and flows, and their impacts.
QAE as a form of governance may be seen in: (a) the extent to which it contributes to Europeanisation in the systems in this study; (b) the sharing of practices across these systems through policy learning; (c) through its shaping of the relations between local authorities/municipalities and national governments; (d) through its shaping of the work of teachers and head teachers/principals in the different systems.
The FabQ teacher survey: aims and challenges a large scale collaboratively designed survey of headteachers and teachers; exploring how they experience the implementation of QAE and how QAE affects their school work. A process of translation and negotiation? And what about the ‘social desirability’ bias?
A taste of the findings 47% of survey respondents believe that the quality of education is improving by comparison with the 1980s; 74% of respondents across the different systems believe there is less respect for teaching now than twenty years ago; So teachers are raising quality but losing respect?
A taste of the findings School heads and teachers in England most likely to say that National Testing reduces the quality of education (46% and 30% respectively); But 31% and 33% said that it improves the quality of education; Overall, teachers selected school-led QAE processes (70-80%) as most significant in improving quality; 39% of respondents thought that inspection had no effect on quality, but 56% said that it did contribute to improved quality.
Teachers: A changing profession? Personalisation of teaching and learning; Focus on individualism; Integration of compulsory education with other broader concepts, such as lifelong learning or community care; Increased demand for extracting high performance from learners; Multi-accountability systems and ‘economising’ of education; Redesign and modernisation of schooling involves the creation of more fluid and flexible spaces; EMPHASIS ON CONTINUOUS SELF-MONITORING AND FORWARD PROJECTION AND INCREASED RELIANCE ON DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS.
Inspectors: A changing profession? From elite groups and amateur, ‘impressionistic’ evaluation in the past to expert, technical knowledge and evidence-based thinking of the present; Changing inspection times and numbers of inspectors during inspection (at least in the UK); Greater emphasis on stakeholders (parents); Contribution to the internationalization of education and the emergence of a global education policy field through increased knowledge transfer and policy learning (eg. Self-evaluation?); The critical friend becoming more hands-on? More emphasis on development rather than merely inspection? BUT as it has always been, inspection is An Ianus-like profession: constantly facing two ways, both teachers and the state
Inspection in Europe today: tensions and contradictions Standardisation and state control Local and school autonomy (de-regulation) Choice/ marketisationEquity European and global agendas Local, bottom-up development Hard QAE forms (inspection, national testing, league tables, performance management, benchmarking, national targets) Soft QAE forms (self-evaluation, school plans, parental consultation)