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Disability in the Digital Age A Chart Pack By Susannah Fox and Jan Lauren Boyles.

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Presentation on theme: "Disability in the Digital Age A Chart Pack By Susannah Fox and Jan Lauren Boyles."— Presentation transcript:

1 Disability in the Digital Age A Chart Pack By Susannah Fox and Jan Lauren Boyles

2 Disability in the Digital Age More than 20 years after the initial passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act, internet access remains unequally distributed. Adults living with disabilities do not engage in networked society at the same rate as their peers who do not report disability, data from the Pew Internet & American Life Project shows. According to a September 2010 survey by Pew Internet, nearly three in 10 American adults (27%) live with a disability that inhibits their daily functioning. The U.S. Census Bureau, which uses a more restrictive definition of disability, estimates in mid-2012 that nearly one in five Americans (19%) live with a disability. Individuals who identified a disability use the internet at lower rates than those who did not report disabilities, Pew Internet data also demonstrates (54% vs. 81%). Again, this data parallels findings from the Census Bureau, which documented far lower levels of internet use among those with disabilities compared to those living without disability (48% vs. 74%). These lower levels of internet activity among those with disabilities stand in stark relief to the rest of the population, especially as the peer-to-peer healthcare movement accelerates online. By delving deeper into the demographic data, we now present a more detailed look at adults living with disabilities and their interplay with the internet. References: 1) http://www.ada.gov/q%26aeng02.htmhttp://www.ada.gov/q%26aeng02.htm 2) http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2011/Disability.aspxhttp://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2011/Disability.aspx 2) http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/disability/sipp/disable10.htmlhttp://www.census.gov/hhes/www/disability/sipp/disable10.html 3) Table 4: http://www.census.gov/hhes/computer/publications/2010.htmlhttp://www.census.gov/hhes/computer/publications/2010.html

3 Challenges faced by adults living with disability Of those who identified as having a disability, the % who encounter the following behaviors Living with disability Do you have difficulty or serious difficulty … Walking or climbing stairs? 56% Concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition? 40 Hearing? 34 Doing errands alone such as visiting a doctors office or shopping (because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition)? 29 Seeing even when wearing glasses, or are you blind? 25 Dressing or bathing? 12 Source: Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project, August 9-September 13, 2010 Survey. N=3001 adults for the full sample. N=906 adults who live with a disability. N=2095 who do not live with a disability. Margin of error is +/- 3.2 percentage points when comparing the two groups.

4 * Denotes statistically significant difference Source: Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project, August 9- September 13, 2010 Survey. N=3001 adults for the full sample. N=906 adults who live with a disability. N=2095 adults who do not live with a disability. Margin of error is +/- 3.2 percentage points when comparing the two groups.

5 Marital Status Living with disabilityNo disabilities Married40%51%* Living with a partner77 Divorced16*9 Separated32 Widowed14*4 Never been married1725* Single (volunteered)32 * Denotes statistically significant difference Source: Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project, August 9-September 13, 2010 Survey. N=3001 adults for the full sample. N=906 adults who live with a disability. N=2095 who do not live with a disability. Margin of error is +/- 3.2 percentage points when comparing the two groups.

6 Employment Status Living with disabilityNo disabilities Full time23%51%* Part time714* Retired30*13 Not employed for pay23*18 Self employed/own business12 Student11 * Denotes statistically significant difference Source: Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project, August 9-September 13, 2010 Survey. N=3001 adults for the full sample. N=906 adults who live with a disability. N=2095 who do not live with a disability. Margin of error is +/- 3.2 percentage points when comparing the two groups.

7 Personal Health Status Living with disability No disabilities Are you now living with any of the following health problems or conditions? High blood pressure 42%*18 Asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, or other lung conditions 24*7 Diabetes or sugar diabetes 20*7 Heart disease, heart failure or heart attack 15*3 Cancer 5*1 Any other chronic health problem or condition not already mentioned 35*10 In the last 12 months, have you … Personally faced a serious medical emergency or crisis? 27*6 Experienced any other significant change in your physical health, such as gaining or losing a lot of weight, becoming pregnant, or quitting smoking? 31*11 * Denotes statistically significant difference Source: Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project, August 9-September 13, 2010 Survey. N=3001 adults for the full sample. N=906 adults who live with a disability. N=2095 who do not live with a disability. Margin of error is +/- 3.2 percentage points when comparing the two groups.

8 Technology Profile Living with disability No disabilities Have a cell phone or other device that is also a cell phone 74%89%* Use the internet or email 5481* (Have dial-up connection at home) (8)(7) (Have high-speed connection at home) (78)(88*) Have desktop computer 4764* Have laptop computer or netbook 3459* * Denotes statistically significant difference Source: Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project, August 9-September 13, 2010 Survey. N=3001 adults for the full sample. N=906 adults who live with a disability. N=2095 who do not live with a disability. Margin of error is +/- 3.2 percentage points when comparing the two groups.

9 Health Topics The % of adults living with disability vs. other internet users who have looked online for information about each of the following topics Have you ever looked online for information about … Living with disability No disabilities A specific disease or medical problem 64%66% A certain medical treatment or procedure 5556 Doctors or other health professionals 3845* Hospitals or other medical facilities 3137 Health insurance, including private insurance, Medicare or Medicaid 3034 Food safety or recalls 2630 Drug safety or recalls 2523 Environmental health hazards 2123 Medical test results 1517 Memory loss, dementia, or Alzheimers 1916 Pregnancy and childbirth 1120* Long-term care for an elderly or disabled person 1511 How to manage chronic pain 1813 End-of-life decisions 67 Any other health issue 2928 Yes to any of the above topics 7880 * Denotes statistically significant difference Source: Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project, August 9-September 13, 2010 Survey. N=3001 adults for the full sample. N=906 adults who live with a disability. N=2095 who do not live with a disability. Margin of error is +/- 3.2 percentage points when comparing the two groups.

10 The Social Life of Health Information Have you ever… Living with disability No disabilities Read someone else's commentary or experience about health or medical issues on an online news group, website or blog 34% Watched an online video about health or medical issues 2625 Gone online to find others who might have health concerns similar to yours 2018 Tracked your weight, diet or exercise routine online 1316 Tracked any other health indicators or symptoms online 2016 Signed up to receive email updates or alerts about health or medical issues 1813 Have used the internet to do any of these 5855 * Denotes statistically significant difference Source: Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project, August 9-September 13, 2010 Survey. N=3001 adults for the full sample. N=906 adults who live with a disability. N=2095 who do not live with a disability. Margin of error is +/- 3.2 percentage points when comparing the two groups.

11 Health Care Reviews Online Have you ever… Living with disability No disabilities Consulted online reviews of particular drugs or medical treatments 27%24% Consulted online rankings or reviews of doctors or other providers 1316 Consulted online rankings or reviews of hospitals or other medical facilities 1315 Posted your experiences with a particular drug or medical treatment online 9*2 Posted a review online of a doctor 8*4 Posted a review online of a hospital 53 Have used the internet to do any of these 3834 * Denotes statistically significant difference Source: Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project, August 9-September 13, 2010 Survey. N=3001 adults for the full sample. N=906 adults who live with a disability. N=2095 who do not live with a disability. Margin of error is +/- 3.2 percentage points when comparing the two groups.

12 Sources of Health Information for Adults Living with Disability Who is more helpful when you need… Professional sources like doctors and nurses Fellow patients, friends, and family Times when professionals matter most An accurate medical diagnosis 88%6% Information about prescription drugs 8310 Information about alternative treatments 6620 A recommendation for a doctor or specialist 6624 A quick remedy for an everyday health issue 4843 Practical advice for coping with day- to-day health situations 4544 A recommendation for a hospital or other medical facility 6722 Times when non-professionals matter most Emotional support in dealing with a health issue 3753 Source: Pew Research Centers Internet & American Life Project, August 9-September 13, 2010 Survey. N=3001 adults for the full sample. N=906 adults who live with a disability. N=2095 who do not live with a disability. Margin of error is +/- 3.2 percentage points when comparing the two groups.

13 The results in this chart pack are based on data from telephone interviews conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International between August 9 and September 13, 2010, among a sample of 3,001 adults, age 18 and older. Interviews were conducted in English and Spanish. A combination of landline and cellular random digit dial samples was used to represent all adults in the continental United States who have access to either a landline or cellular telephone. For results based on the total sample, one can say with 95% confidence that the error attributable to sampling is plus or minus 2.5 percentage points. For results based internet users (n=2,065), the margin of sampling error is plus or minus 2.9 percentage points. In addition to sampling error, question wording and practical difficulties in conducting telephone surveys may introduce some error or bias into the findings of opinion polls. Methodology


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