Presentation on theme: "INCLUDING CHILDREN WITH ASPERGER SYNDROME IN MAINSTREAM SCHOOLS"— Presentation transcript:
1 INCLUDING CHILDREN WITH ASPERGER SYNDROME IN MAINSTREAM SCHOOLS JANINE JERLINGSpecialist Teacher - ASD
2 PREVALENCE 60 out of 10,000 children under 8 year has AS (MRC, 2001) The rate for whole population is much higherIn a mainstream school with 500 children there should be at least 3 children with ASLEA of 50,000 children there should be at least 300 children with ASThe quality of education, children with AS experience, determines their future development in a mainstream society.
3 Gerland (1997) and Sainsbury (2000) Over recent years education interventions and services have been developed and enhanced.The depressing outcomes reported in earlier texts on Autism and Asperger syndrome are no longer valid.The impression was given that it was not possible for children with AS to make significant progress in mainstream schools.These negative accounts were often based on inadequate educational provision for children with AS and the exclusion from mainstream schooling.
4 Many individuals with AS have always and are still living independently, been in employment and may have had a partner and childrenThe proportion of individuals in this group is likely to increase as provision and quality inclusive education becomes more effective.
5 It is important to foster and maintain a positive and optimistic approach. The success of those with AS should be publicised to show that, given appropriate support and resources, the difficulties arising from AS can be managed effectively and particular interests and skills maximised and valued.Adopting perspectives, which promote optimism and inclusion, and a belief that teaching staff and parents can make a difference, are essential.
6 Including children with Asperger Syndrome into Mainstream Schools
7 INCLUSIVE EDUCATIONSchool is one of the most challenging environments for learners with AS (Jones, 2002)Unless learners are helped to make order from the chaos, they are not likely to learn effectively.Training and the increasing ability of mainstream staff to differentiate for children with AS, is causing more schools to becoming able to meet the needs of these learners.Many schools are developing specialist centres / units to accommodate children with AS and to give them support in the mainstream environment.
8 SPECIALIST CENTRE 12 Pupils with ASD Support base for learners ‘SAFE HAVEN’Give structure to day / curriculum75% of mainstream lessons25% Specialist teachingTrain and prepare learners for Mainstream living.Support given in mainstream lessonsSupport parents & familyResource base for outside agencies
9 CHILDREN WITH ASPERGER SYNDROME GROW INTO ADULTS WITH ASPERGER SYNDROME
10 The NAS predict a 98% unemployment rate amongst Adults with ASD in the UK WHAT CAN WE DO TO SOLVE THIS PROBLEM?WHERE DOES EMPLOYMENT PREPARATION START?WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THIS PROCESS?
12 Individuals with AS have the need to know: WHY FUTURE STUDIES?Individuals with AS have the need to know:WHY?All the facts!The purpose of doing things.The outcome of something.
13 Everything has a purpose FUTURE STUDIESThe PURPOSE of:SchoolRulesParentsJobsFriendsLifeEverything has a purpose
14 Form part of IEPPersonal, social and health Education curriculumLearner CentredShort and Long termLearner’s vision of live and learningPersonal strengths and weaknessesOpportunities and threatsPurpose of schoolDifferent subjects taughtChoosing of GCSE subjectsCareer options and opportunitiesPersonal attributes and achievements
15 Job applicationsCV / interviewsCollege / training / universityWorkplace and routinesSocial skills neededEmployers / Teachers / Support workersWork Experience preparationCareers Department
16 WORK EXPERIENCE Visit from possible employers Visit to possible jobs Look realistically at possibilitiesRealistic expectationsWhere?What?How Long?Skills needed (to be taught) for jobRoles in JobObstacles+ and -
17 Preparation for Work Experience Role PlayVisit to jobNote preparation / diary keepingDoes the student need supportPrepare employer and colleaguesInclude ParentsTeach necessary skills for jobReview / evaluate the experience
18 THE PROGRAM Very successful Been used for two years in my centre Hope to publish by end of 2005Hands-on material for educators / parents
19 CONCLUSIONChildren with Asperger Syndrome can be included into mainstream schools, given the school can give the necessary interventions and support.Specialist centres have proved to be very effective and successful in including children with AS into mainstream schools.Developing programs and teaching-aid for children with AS should be an ongoing process and all educators should be encouraged to do so.