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On December 17, 2010, an unemployed Tunisian man, Mohamed Bouazizi, aged 26, from Sidi Bouzid, in southern Tunisia, set himself on fire to protest against.

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Presentation on theme: "On December 17, 2010, an unemployed Tunisian man, Mohamed Bouazizi, aged 26, from Sidi Bouzid, in southern Tunisia, set himself on fire to protest against."— Presentation transcript:

1 On December 17, 2010, an unemployed Tunisian man, Mohamed Bouazizi, aged 26, from Sidi Bouzid, in southern Tunisia, set himself on fire to protest against joblessness, sparking a popular uprising against the government. Two more suicides followed, spurring protests across several other Tunisian cities. The social movement - initiated by lawyers, journalists, and labor unions – demanded more work opportunities and reform of the government of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.Sidi Bouzidset himself on fireZine El Abidine Ben Ali Clashes between protesters and security forces lasted for nearly a month. According to government counts, 23 Tunisians were killed by police and security forces, while numerous more were injured. On January 13, President Ben Ali gave a speech in which he promised to step down in 2014. The president also guaranteed reforms, including an end to restrictions on the media and Internet. Shortly after the speech, the country's pervasive Internet censors were turned off.Internet censors were turned off Despite Ben Ali's promises, however, the unrest continued throughout the night and into the next day, at which point emergency law was enacted. Shortly thereafter, the president closed Tunisian airspace, fired the parliament, and promised governmental elections within six months. Protesters continued to gather outside of interior ministry, however, demanding Ben Ali's resignation.emergency law was enacted Shortly thereafter, Ben Ali fled the country, and Prime Minister Mohammed Ghannouchi took over, citing Chapter 56 of the Tunisian constitution as the article by which he was taking power, a move which some in the country called unconstitutional. On January 15, the country's constitutional court appointed parliament speaker Fouad Mebazaa as interim president. Mebazaa has 60 days to organize elections, according to article 57 of the Tunisian constitution.took overappointed parliament speaker Fouad Mebazaa 1) Write a question for accuracy 2) Write a question for precision 3) Write a question for depth

2 What role has social media played in the Arab Spring? Why is social media so important to the spread of ideas? How is it so easy? How successful do you think these revolutions would be if social media never existed?

3 1. Which African country began the Arab Spring? A. Egypt B. Libya C. Algeria D. Tunisia 2. Who was the dictator of Tunisia during the revolution? A. Maummar Qadaffi B. Ben Ali C. Anwar Sadat Saddam Hussein 3. Which of the following was not one of the reasons for the Tunisian Revolution? A. High unemployment B. Dictator with unjust rule C. Loss of freedom of speech D. Ben Ali elected 5 times 4. Constructed Response: In your opinion, was the Tunisian Revolution a successes or a failure? Justify your response with three pieces of evidence.

4 Was the Tunisian revolution successful?

5 OBJ: SWBAT identify characteristics of the Egyptian and Libyan revolutions and evaluate the impact of social media on them. Relevance: Today we are learning about the Arab Spring because this series of recent revolutions continues to impact international political relations. DOL: Notes Title: Arab Spring: Egypt

6 Today we are going to continue to talk about the Arab Spring. We will discuss how it spread from Tunisia to Egypt and Libya. We will also discuss what is currently going on with this movement. CFU: Think/Write/Share: What do you remember about the Tunisian Revolution from yesterday? List as many facts as you can.

7 0-5: What is a chain reaction? when one country falls into civil unrest and potential revolution, then others in similar political environments will also fall into civil unrest. This caused civil unrest to spread from one nation to the surrounding countries. CFU: Think/Write/Share Do you agree with this theory? Why or why not? Provide two examples that support your opinion.

8 7:12-9:13 1.What did the interim government pledge to the Tunisian people? 2.How many days did it take to topple the regime of Ben Ali?

9 After the fall of Ben Ali in Tunisia, the Arab Spring spread east across North Africa to Egypt. Egypt is a primarily Muslim nation and was controlled at this time by President Hosni Mubarak. CFU: Think/Write/Share: What is the purpose of this political cartoon? How does it relate to the spread of the Arab Spring to Egypt?

10 1. What is the purpose of revolutions? 2. What is an implication of revolutions? 3. What are concepts about revolutions? 4. What may be some underlying assumptions about revolutions? *Folder Quiz Tomorrow

11 Review: 1. What started Arab Spring? 2. What is a chain reaction theory? 3. Where did the revolution spread after Tunisia? do you have questions from yesterday?

12 11:13-14:12 1.How were the Egyptians being oppressed under the Mubarak regime? 2.Describe what happened to the young blogger in Egypt. What impact did this event have? 3.How did Mubarak underestimate the power of the internet?

13 On January 25 th, 2011, wide spread protests broke out in Egypt. People were protesting the government of Hosni Mubarak Protests were aimed at the corruption and oppression of the Egyptian government. On January 26 th the government started to limit access to the internet. They began censoring all types of media that the people had access to in Egypt. CFU – Think /Write/ Share: Why would the government of Hosni Mubarak try to limit access to the internet? Do you think this plan was successful?

14 0:00-4:48 1.How many people in Egypt had access to the internet? 2.How did protest organizers in Egypt spread the word about the 25 th ? 3.How did protest organizers trick the police? Was it effective?

15 1. Weve seen many revolutionaries throughout Tunisia and Egypt chanting phrases such as We will sacrifice our lives. What message is this sending to the government? 2. If you were a dictator of a country in Arab Spring, what would you do to stop the protests?

16 Folder Quiz On a half sheet of paper, answer the following: 1. Warm up 1/13: What were 2 facts you wrote down? 2. In your notes on 1/15, we made a T-chart. What is one argument you wrote for yes, and one argument for no. 3. In the notes on 1/18, we analyzed a political cartoon. What did you write for picture 1 and picture 2 4. Warm up 1/23: What is your answer for #1? 5. Warm Up 1/31: What is your answer for #2? Bonus: Warm up 2/4: Answer to #4?

17 January 28 th -February 6 th more people joined the cause. Tens of thousands of people marched on Tahrir Square The main square in the Egyptian capital Cairo. Police began spraying water cannons and attempting to disperse the crowd using force. The crowd continued to grow larger throughout the week. CFU: Show on your hand the stage of the cycle of revolution this represents.

18 February 11 th, 2011, President Mubarak, the president of Egypt was forced to resign. Mubarak was sentenced to life imprisonment and control of the nation was immediately transferred to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces. 846 Egyptian citizens were confirmed dead from the riots and protests. CFU: Think/Write/Share: Make a prediction: What do you think is happening in Egypt today 2 years later?

19 After Mubarak resigned the Armed forces controlled Egypt until elections could be held in 2012. On 24 June, Islamist Mohammed Morsi won the presidential election. Government dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood. Currently, many people in Egypt are protesting the lack of change provided by their new government and the political future of the nation is still very much up in the air. CFU: Think/Write/Share: In your opinion was the Egyptian Revolution a success? Justify.

20 Read and annotate the text Number paragraphs Circle key terms – No more than 5 per chunk Chunk as you go to group paragraphs of similar content Left column is a one sentence summary per chunk Right column is a question per chunk (could be confusion or higher-level)

21 Finish your essay from Monday: Using evidence from the article, What role did social media play in the Arab Spring?

22 Libya was ruled by a brutal dictator who controlled the country for almost 40 years. Muammar Qaddafi. He saw what happened to the neighboring dictators and feared an uprising. Protests began in Libya on February 15, 2011. Unlike Ben Ali in Tunisia and Mubarak in Egypt, Qaddafi refused to step down from power and began using his own security forces to fight the demonstrators. CFU: Think/Write/Share: What do you think happened next? Justify your response.

23 Muammar Qaddafi began using anti-aircraft machine guns to stop the protests. Firing on his own people. The brutal violence against Libyan civilians transformed the Libyan Revolution into the Libyan Civil War. Rebel forces fought with Qaddafi loyalists in increasingly bloody conflicts. CFU: Think/Write/Share: How do you think people around the world reacted to violence taking place in Libya? Do you think anything was done by the international community?

24 0:00-4:50 1.What did the United States and the international community do to Libya? 2.According to the President, why does this matter to us?

25 Qaddafi did not stop his attacks and 2 days after Obamas speech, the U.S. sent 116 Tomahawk missiles into Libya. It took five months but Qaddafi and his government were eventually defeated. Two months later he was found in a gutter and was killed. The execution was public and very gruesome. Libya is still recovering from this Civil War today. CFU: Think/Write/Share: Do you think the Libyans were justified in killing Qaddafi? Explain.

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