Low self esteem can be of the main reasons teens turn to drugs and alcohol Key to keeping teens from using is to help them build their self-esteem. Teens are less likely to engage in recreational drugs and binge drinking if they have high self-esteem. Prevention: Build Your Child’s Self-Esteem
Strong family relationships Lay a foundation of trust that can help in the teen years Offer a safe place with trusted information Teens are more willing to listen to their parents when they warn against teen drug use. Trust allow teens to feel safe coming to parents with concerns. PREVENTION: Develop Good Character TRUSTTRUST When teens trust their parents and have healthy relationships with them, they are less likely to do drugs.
Consequences (short & long-term) that arise from underage alcohol consumption adversely affect: adolescents family the people around them society as a whole When you are armed with the facts, you can help your children choose not to drink alcohol. Consequences of Underage Drinking
1. When a person drinks alcohol, it travels through nearly every organ system in his or her body. False True False True
Alcohol enters your bloodstream within 5-10 minutes. It passes from your stomach into your bloodstream and then travels throughout your entire body. It affects nearly every organ system in the body. Facts About Alcohol Brain Stomach Small Intestine Heart Liver Mouth
2. Drinking alcohol can affect the way your brain works. False True False True
FalseTrue 3. Alcohol affects every person in the same way. False True
How alcohol affects a person depends on certain factors. For example: Weight : The same amount of alcohol more strongly affects a person who weighs less than a heavier person. Youth : Because their bodies are still developing, young people are more at risk to some types of alcohol damage. Gender : The same amount of alcohol typically affects women more than it does men. Facts About Alcohol
FalseTrue 4. Beer is less harmful to the body than other types of alcohol. False True
A standard drink contains 1.2 tablespoons of pure alcohol. 12 oz. 5 oz. 1.5 oz Beer Wine Liquor 5% Alcohol 12% Alcohol 40 % Alcohol Facts About Alcohol
5. Heavy alcohol use over a long period of time may increase a person’s risk for getting some types of cancer. False True False True
What Families Can Do to Prevent Underage Alcohol Use Establish & Maintain Good Communication Get Involved, and Stay Involved, in Your Child’s Life Make Clear Rules and Enforce Them with Consistency and Appropriate Consequences
What Families Can Do to Prevent Underage Alcohol Use Be a Positive Role Model Teach Your Child to Choose Friends Wisely Monitor Your Child’s Activities
Research shows that youth are: less likely to drink & have fewer alcohol-related problems when their parents discipline them and set clear expectations about alcohol. Provide a Clear Message About Alcohol
Make it clear that it is your expectation that your children will not use alcohol if they are underage. Enforce the rules that you set. Discuss Family Rules About Alcohol
Make it clear that drinking under the age of 21 is against the law. Discuss the Laws About Underage Drinking
Teach Your Children About the Dangers of Underage Drinking Blurred Vision Blurred Speech Bleeding Throat Brain Damage Addiction Breathing May Stop Heart Disease Irregular Heartbeat Stomach Ulcers Cirrhosis of Liver Muscle Weakness Intestinal Cancer Osteoporosis Impotence (Men) Infertility (women) Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Death (Alcohol Poisoning) Unhealthy choices!!
Make sure that alcohol is not available at parties given by your children in your home. Monitor Alcohol in Your Home Report Underage Drinking Call 1-888-THE-TABC
If you were an underage drinker: Share lessons that you learned from that experience. Explain that the decision to take part in underage drinking wasn’t a good idea then, and it is not a good idea now. It isn’t about your past. It’s about your children’s future. What’s important is that your children understand that you don’t want them to use drugs or alcohol. Think Carefully About What to Tell Children About Your Own Experiences
Don’t drink and drive. Consider not serving alcohol at parties that include your children. If You Drink, Be Sure to Drink Responsibly
Major Life Transitions Teens face social, emotional and educational challenges Teens face social, emotional and educational challenges Exposure to greater availability of: 1. alcohol 2. social activities involving drugs involving drugs Highest Risk Periods for Alcohol Abuse Alcohol
Teach Your Child to Make The Right Choice Stop & Think Before You Act! EDUCATION RISKS WISE CHOICES CONSE- QUEN- CES HYPO- CRISY ALCO- HOL
Valore la vida de sus hijos y enséñeles con buenos ejemplos. Demuéstre cariño, imponga reglas y mantega un ambiente seguro. Hábleles con frecuencia. Haga que los demás participen. Hábleles a temprana edad.
National Institute on Drug Abuse: http://www.nida.gov Pssst: http://www.pssst.org Stop Underage Drinking: Portal of Federal Resources: http://www.stopalcoholabuse.gov Teen Drug Abuse Prevention: http://www.teenhelp.com Teen Self-Esteem: http://www.drug-alcohol-addiction-recovery.com Texas Alcoholic Beverage Commission: http://www.tabc.state.tx.us The Cool Spot-The Young Teen’s Place for Information on Alcohol and Resisting Peer Pressure: The Cool Spot-The Young Teen’s Place for Information on Alcohol and Resisting Peer Pressure: http://www.thecoolspot.gov Time to Talk: Time to Talk:http://www.timetotalk.org Too Smart to Start: http://www.toosmarttostart.samhsa.gov Underage Drinking: Talk EARLY, Talk OFTEN, Get Others INVOLVED: http://www.underagedrinking.samhsa.gov References