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About Stalls The Truth… About Stalls Great Lakes Aviation Conference 2014 Thomas P. Turner Mastery Flight Training, Inc. www.mastery-flight-training.com.

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Presentation on theme: "About Stalls The Truth… About Stalls Great Lakes Aviation Conference 2014 Thomas P. Turner Mastery Flight Training, Inc. www.mastery-flight-training.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 About Stalls The Truth… About Stalls Great Lakes Aviation Conference 2014 Thomas P. Turner Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

2 ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

3 Today’s lesson: ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

4 Today’s lesson: Don’t Stall ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

5 Today’s lesson: Don’t Stall ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. …unless you mean to

6 ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. Loss of Control

7 Stall Scenarios ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

8 Type of Stalls Power OFF Power ON Accelerated ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

9 Type of Stalls Power OFF Power ON Accelerated Flaps UP Flaps DOWN Flaps PARTIALLY EXTENDED ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

10 Critical Angle of Attack ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

11 High AoA on Final Approach 10° 16° 17°

12 ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. High AoA on Missed Approach/Go-Around 10° 16° 17°

13 ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. 10° 16° 17° High AoA on Takeoff/ Initial Climb High AoA on Takeoff/ Initial Climb

14 ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

15 Critical AoA

16 ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. Critical AoA Maximum Lift

17 ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. Critical AoA Maximum Lift Best Rate of Climb

18 Effect of G-Load ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

19 Effect of G-Load ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

20 Bank Angle During Descent LITTLE to NO increase in G-load Therefore… LITTLE to NO increase in stall speed ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

21 To make an airplane stall, you (or the autopilot or the trim) must actively resist the airplane’s tendency to descend. ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

22 My CFI Experience A36 pilot very nervous about stalls Told him we’d just slow the plane down and see how it handles ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

23 Pre-Stall Indications Pulling on the yoke ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

24 Pre-Stall Indications Pulling on the yoke Right rudder to maintain heading ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

25 Pre-Stall Indications Pulling on the yoke Right rudder to maintain heading Decreasing noise ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

26 Pre-Stall Indications Pulling on the yoke Right rudder to maintain heading Decreasing noise Decreasing indicated airspeed ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

27 Pre-Stall Indications Pulling on the yoke Right rudder to maintain heading Decreasing noise Decreasing indicated airspeed Release the back pressure to reduce the AoA ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

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29 Angle of Attack Indicators Sense and display actual AoA Automatically account for changes in airplane weight More visual display of maximum- performance “speeds” ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

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31 AoA Indications (Alpha Systems display) ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

32 AoA Indications (Alpha Systems display) ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

33 AoA Indications (Alpha Systems display) ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

34 AoA Indications (Alpha Systems display) ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

35 Slower than “normal” speeds Individually calibrated: no consistency from one airplane to the next Single sensor: only accurate in coordinated flight No consistent training standard ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

36 NTSB Data ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

37 NTSB Cross-Section ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. C172PA28BE23 BonanzaCirrusDuchess C310SenecaBaron PC-12TBM700/850PA46

38 ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. Severity of Injury

39 ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. Power Loss

40 ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. Phase of Flight

41 ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc. Power ON vs. Power OFF

42 Today’s lesson: Stall For Proficiency Stall For Proficiency Fly to Avoid Stalls Fly to Avoid Stalls ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

43 The Truth About Stalls The airplane will not stall unless you (or the trim) are actively increasing back pressure on the elevators ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

44 The Truth About Stalls The airplane will not stall unless you (or the trim) are actively increasing back pressure on the elevators Banking when under G-load increases the speed at which the wing reaches critical AoA ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

45 The Truth About Stalls The more flap, the more dynamic the stall ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

46 The Truth About Stalls The more flap, the more dynamic the stall A mush is as bad as a stall ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

47 The Truth About Stalls The more flap, the more dynamic the stall A mush is as bad as a stall Uncoordinated flight increases the AoA on the low wing, and may not provide stall warning or AoA indications ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

48 The Truth About Stalls Power ON stall crashes outnumber power OFF crashes THREE to ONE ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

49 The Truth About Stalls Power ON stall crashes outnumber power OFF crashes THREE to ONE 55% of all stalls happen on takeoff, go around or missed approach ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

50 The Truth About Stalls Power ON stall crashes outnumber power OFF crashes THREE to ONE 55% of all stalls happen on takeoff, go around or missed approach 20% of stalls occur during a loss of engine power—many of those fuel management- related ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

51 Mitigations Fuel Be prepared so sensations are instinctive if an engine quits Regular practice on stalls and high AoA Density altitude Pitch attitudes Trim for the missed ©2014 Mastery Flight Training, Inc.

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53 About Stalls The Truth… About Stalls Free FLYING LESSONS Weekly e-newsletter Thomas P. Turner Mastery Flight Training, Inc.


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