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What Is a Bank, and How Do We Go About Regulating It? Haider Ala Hamoudi University of Pittsburgh School of Law.

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Presentation on theme: "What Is a Bank, and How Do We Go About Regulating It? Haider Ala Hamoudi University of Pittsburgh School of Law."— Presentation transcript:

1 What Is a Bank, and How Do We Go About Regulating It? Haider Ala Hamoudi University of Pittsburgh School of Law

2 What Do Banks Do? Provide maximum liquidity to depositors Reserve source of credit “Transmission belt” for monetary source of policy

3 How Do They Do It? Use of Economies of Scale to: Manage liquidity mismatches Address information asymmetries as between their depositors and their debtors

4 Why Do We Need Banking Regulation? Market wide dangers in light of liquidity mismatches (i.e., run on banks generally) Effect on broader economy when reserve source of credit and liquidity taken away Lose transmission source for monetary policy

5 The Idealized Form of the Islamic Bank: The Two Tiered Mudaraba Portfolio Bank Depositors

6 As Idealized Form... Cannot use “bank model” to serve unique functions of bank – Liquidity harder to manage – Informational asymmetries not as easy to address in this model either (monitoring costs) – Do not serve as transmission belt for monetary policy

7 Reality of Islamic Banks On Portfolio side, emphasis is overwhelmingly on investments that in legal and economic terms resemble debt, bringing model much closer to “bank” and much more able to engage in sensible liquidity management – Synthetic Murabaha – Tawarruq – Sukuk – Ijara

8 Problem These “debt-like” instruments are almost always justified as necessary compromises in a debt driven financial world, not as ideal solutions. The idealized model, equity based and involving “risk sharing”, remains largely unchanged. Points to an underlying and pervasive tension, between what is and what ought to be.


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