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National Crime Prevention Council 2011Cyberbullying National Crime Prevention Council 2011 Welcome all participants to the presentation. Introduce yourself and share your background in working with child safety issues. Mention that the National Crime Prevention Council in partnership with the Office for Victims of Crime is the creator of this PowerPoint. Explain that the presentation you are going to give will introduce the participants to cyberbullying and give them some tips for managing cyberbullying in their communities. Refer participants to NCPC’s two websites, (for children) and © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Goal of This PresentationTo inform participants of the tragic effects of cyberbullying and detail strategies for preventing and responding to this form of abuse. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention CouncilObjectives To identify and understand What is cyerbullying Various cyberbullying behaviors The tragic effects of cyberbullying The warning signs that a child is being cyberbullied Steps adults can take to prevent and address cyberbullying © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgWhat is Cyberbullying? As participants “What do you think of when I say “cyberbullying.’” Write their responses on a flipchart. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgCyberbullying Cyberbullying is using the Internet, cell phones, or other technology to send or post text or images intended to hurt or embarrass another person. Tell participants that cyberbullying can happen with any type of technology including but not limited to computers, cell phones, tablets (iPad), or gaming systems (Xbox Live, Playstation Network, etc.). © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Examples of CyberbullyingStarting rumors through instant messaging Name calling in chat rooms Forwarding private messages to others Insults through social media websites Posting demeaning pictures of someone else Making fake profiles on websites, such as Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, etc. Tell participants that cyberbullying can take many forms as described on the slide. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Cyberbullying Differs From Traditional BullyingCan be Anonymous Direct/In person May occur in child’s home Happens on school/community property May seem inescapable Can escape at home May be an extension of traditional bullying Tell participants that cyberbullying differs from traditional bullying. The biggest factor is that it’s done via technology. Tell participants that cyberbullying can be completely anonymous. Traditional bullying happens in person and the perpetrator is known. Tell participants that cyberbullying can actually happen in victims’ homes, on their home computers or phones, often making it feel inescapable. Traditional bullying is done on school yards or community property, offering the home as a safe haven to escape the bullying. Cyberbullying, however, can take place in the child’s home and is often an extension of tradition bullying. The victim may be getting physically bullied in school and cyberbullied at home. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Cyberbullying: The FactsThings posted online are visible to the world 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Cruel messages can be sent, forwarded, or viewed by virtually anyone. Messages can be sent in a split second. Cyberbullying can be an extension of bullying that youth are experiencing in school. It can be harsher because people tend to act differently online than in person. Stress how things posted online are always there. Once they are posted they never truly get deleted and can be viewed by virtually anyone who has access to the Internet. Also explain that because cyberbullying happens via technology and not in person, it can feel harsher. People tend to act differently online than in person because they can hide behind a computer or cell phone. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgFacts and Figures Teens spend an average of 26.8 hours a week online. 72 percent of teens have some type of social networking profile. 60 percent of teens use instant messaging. 91 percent of teens have an address. Source: Cox Communications 2009 © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Facts and Figures (continued)43 percent of teens have experienced some form of cyberbullying. Cyberbullying victimization is higher among females than males. 36 percent of females report having experienced some form of cyberbullying compared to 33 percent of males. 16 percent of females and 18 percent of males report that they have cyberbullied. Stress how cyberbullying is an increasing problem. More and more children and teens are dealing with it. Tell participants that cyberbullying is higher among females than males. Explain that females are more likely to be bullied socially and emotionally and males are more likely to be bullied physically. Source: NCPC 2007 © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Why Do Youth Cyberbully?81 percent think “it’s funny.” 64 percent say “they simply don’t like the person.” 45 percent “view the victim as a loser.” 58 percent “probably didn’t see the action as a big deal.” Source: NCPC Teens and Cyberbully Survey, 2007 © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Why Prevention MattersBullying is not a rite of passage. Youth who are cyberbullied may lack a safe retreat. It can be emotionally damaging. You can empower youth to seek help and not suffer alone. Stress that cyberbullying prevention is a key step to addressing the issue of cyberbullying. Bullying is not simply a rite of passage for children while growing up. No child deserves to be bullied or cyberbullied. Explain how youth who are cyberbullied may lack a safe retreat if they are bullied in their own home. It may feel inescapable to them now that the bullying has moved into the privacy of their own home. This would be a good spot to illustrate the seriousness of cyberbullying by citing national or local news stories. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Why Prevention MattersVictim service providers report why youth chose not seek help: 61 percent report that youth feel they can handle the situation on their own. 52 percent report youth are concerned about retaliation if they report. 37 percent believe youth are ashamed of the incident. 38 percent believe youth fear getting into trouble because of the incident. Source: NCPC 2010 Cyberbullying Prevention Research Share with participants the statistics on the slide on why youth do not seek help or report incidents of cyberbullying. Let them know the source of the statistics is a 2010 NCPC Cyberbullying Prevention Research study that surveyed victim service providers on their feelings toward cyberbullying. Stress that because youth are not reaching out, it is our job as victim service providers to conduct outreach and implement prevention strategies to encourage victims to speak out and not suffer in silence. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgYouth Testimonies “I think I could put up with a certain amount of bullying, but if it got really hurtful, I would speak out.” “Unless they are threatening your life or the life of someone you know, it shouldn’t matter.” “I think most kids are reluctant to tell someone because they think it makes them look like a little kid who is ‘tattling.’” Read these youth testimonies aloud to participants. Ask participants how they feel about these statements. Lead a discuss about how victim service providers could encourage youth to report. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgWho Cyberbullies? Can come from any economic, cultural, or religious background Lack empathy Are concerned with their own desires rather than those of others Find it difficult to see things from someone else’s perspective Are willing to use others to get what they want Tell participants that a cyberbully can be anyone. Explain again how cyberbullying is different from traditional bullying in the sense that it can be anonymous and not in person but via technology. Explain how the victim today could be the bully tomorrow and visa versa. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgHow Does it Feel? Youth who are cyberbullied report 55 percent feel angry 43 percent feel helpless 42 percent feel scared 36 percent feel vulnerable 23 percent are looking for revenge Source: NCPC 2010 Cyberbullying Prevention Research Share with participants the statistics on the slide. Let them know that these statistics come from the NCPC 2010 Cyberbullying Prevention Research. Explain how these statistics are what victim service providers report on how youth feel when they are cyberbullied. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgHow Do Victims React? Victims of cyberbullying have Asked the bully to stop Blocked the communication Talked to friends about bullying Signed offline Did nothing Least likely response: talk to parents about the incident Discuss how youth have come up with a number of ways in which they react and deal with cyberbullying. Explain how the reactions are the slides are the most common reactions (except for the final bullet). © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Spotting the Signs of CyberbullyingEmotional Social/Behavioral Academic Tell the group that when children are bullied or cyberbullied they don’t often tell an adult right away. The child who has been cyberbullied may be embarrassed, or they may think an adult cannot help, or they may fear retaliation from the child or children doing the bullying. However, even if a child does not tell an adult about a bullying problem, there are signs that a child is being cyberbullied. The most important thing adults can do is recognize and act to prevent cyberbullying. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgEmotional Signs Withdrawal or shyness Depression Moody Irritable Anxiety Aggressive behavior Suicide ideation Loss of self-esteem These signs are not necessarily unique to cyberbullying but they can indicate that the child is experiencing some sort of problem. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgSocial/Behavioral Suddenly stops using computer Upset after using computer or cell phone Changes in eating or sleeping habits (e.g., nightmares) No longer wanting to participate in activities once enjoyed Hurting self, attempting or threatening suicide Suddenly changing or avoiding friends Stress that behavior changes in how a child uses technology are big red flags: the amount of time spent using these devices, and how secretive they are about using them. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgAcademic Not wanting to go to school Skipping school Lost interest in school Drop in grades © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgRED FLAG The biggest red flag that a child is being cyberbullied is a withdrawal from technology. If you notice a sudden change in computer or phone usage talk to the child, they may be a victim of cyberbullying. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Warning Signs That Someone is Cyberbullying OthersSpends large amounts of time on computer Hides or turns off monitor when someone approaches Appears anxious while using computer Especially upset when technological privileges are revoked Tell participants that while it’s often hard to tell whether or not a child is actually cyberbullying others, there are some signs that could be red flags. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgAwareness Video Tell participants that this is an awareness video that will portray the tragic effects of cyberbullying. Let participants know that there will be small group discussions after the video. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Small Group DiscussionQuestion 1: What are some things victim service providers, SROs, or school counselors can do within the school to prevent cyberbullying? Question 2: What types of training or resources should school staff and faculty receive on cyberbullying? Question 3: What is your school or community doing to address the issue of cyberbullying? What more could be done? Split participants into three to five small groups. Have each group discuss each question. Give participants about 5 minutes to discuss these questions. Ask each group to report what they came up with. Write responses on a flipchart. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgWhat YOU Can Do Explain how crime prevention is everyone’s business and how cyberbullying prevention should take place on every level: youth, parents, educators, law enforcement, and community leaders. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Cyberbullying PreventionFor Parents For Educators For Law Enforcement Officers For Community Partners © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgWhere Youth Go for Help 69 percent turn to parents. 52 percent reach out to friends. 23 percent talk with a teacher. 8 percent would call a victims’ hotline or victims’ advocate. Source: NCPC 2010 Teen Nation Research Go over the statistics with the participants. Let them know that this is where youth who are cyberbullied turn for help. This is to get them thinking about where youth turn for help and to show them that everyone has a role in prevention. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgParents Learn what teens are doing online and keep track of their online behavior. Use the Internet with your children. Talk with youth about cyberbullying—the consequences and harmful effects. Communicate online rules and responsibilities to youth. Keep computers in a highly trafficked room where online activities are hard to hide. Tell participants that most often, parents are a child’s first stop for help. Parents are critical in helping to prevent cyberbullying. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgEducators Request that youth sign an Internet safety pledge promising not to cyberbully. Establish acceptable Internet use and anti- cyberbullying policies in school. Talk to and educate students on the issue of cyberbullying. Let students know where they can turn for help. Educate parents on the importance of creating Internet use rules at home. Stress to participants the importance of incorporating cyberbullying prevention into their schools through a code of conduct, youth-led student groups, and school policies. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
Law Enforcement OfficersStay up-to-date on cyberbullying issues and laws. Educate yourself on the latest technologies youth use. Speak out to students, parents, and educators about the dangers of the Internet. Talk with school officials about creating an anti-cyberbullying policy on school grounds. Explain how there is no national law against cyberbullying so it is important to stay up to date on local laws and policies regarding cyberbullying. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgCommunity Partners Organize a community discussion on cybersafety involving students, parents, educators, law enforcement, etc. Provide counseling, extended service programs, or other youth programs or services. Work with school technology departments to make sure youth are being safe. Help recruit additional volunteers to take an active role in cyberbullying prevention. Tell participants that community partners are key to cyberbullying prevention. The more community partners that are involved, the more successful your efforts will be. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgFor Everyone Take complaints about cyberbullying seriously. Support the child being bullied. Reassure the child that he or she was right to tell you the problem. Empower youth witnessing the bullying. Work together to address the problem! Tell participants again that cyberbullying prevention is everybody’s business. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgPrograms and Services © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
NCPC Programs/ResourcesMcGruff Club Community Works Be Safe and Sound Samantha’s Choice Public Service Advertising Tell participants that these are NCPC programs that address cyberbullying at different levels: children, teens, and adults. Inform participants that they can visit for more information on NCPC programs. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgMcGruff Club Scripted lessons guide instructors through classroom discussions and activities for children in grades 1 through 4. Activities, incorporating proven teaching strategies, develop children’s critical thinking and communication skills. Lessons build upon each other, so children enhance their skills as they age through the program. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgCommunity Works Comprehensive curriculum which includes 31 sessions on community safety, violent crimes, substance abuse, property crimes, hate crimes, and bullying and cyberbullying. Lessons to guide young people through a service-learning project Short warm-up activities that nurture positive relationships among teens. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgBe Safe and Sound Program Model Step 1: Build an action team Step 2: Assess safety and security issues Step 3: Hold a school safety and security forum Step 4: Develop an action plan Step 5: Publicize activities Step 6: Promote your cause Step 7: Evaluate success Engages school administrators, parents, students, law enforcement, and other community members in making school safer. Tell participants © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgSamantha’s Choice Samanatha’s Choice is a five- minute video that follows the story of a young girl who is afraid to go to ballet class, for fear of being bullied. Specifically aimed at respect in the community, this new anti-bullying animated short has an educator’s guide with instructions on how to use the video in a classroom or club setting. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
NCPC Public Service AdvertisingTrainer: Fill in your specific program or community’s program information here. For more information on NCPC’s Public Service Advertising, please visit © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgWhom To Contact Local Law Enforcement-There is no national law against cyberbullying. Your local law enforcement is your best first resource. National Center for Victims Of Crime Helpline: FYI-CALL ( ) Suicide Prevention Hotline:1-800-SUICIDE ( ) © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgAdditional Resources -Provides Internet safety information for children, teens, and adults -Provides cyberbullying prevention and Internet safety information for parents, teachers, police officers, and children and youth -Provides information for adults and children on cyberbullying and face-to-face bullying Lists cyberbullying laws state by state © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgQuestion and Answers? © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
The National Crime Prevention Council2001 Jefferson Davis Highway Suite 901 Arlington, VA 22202 fax *This project was produced by Grant No SZ-B9-K007 awarded by the Office for Victims of Crime, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this document are those of the contributors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
© 2011 National Crime Prevention Council www.ncpc.orgPresenter Contact Information Trainer: Fill in your information here. © 2011 National Crime Prevention Council
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