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Basic information about the research paper & Choosing a topic 9810004M Lydia 9810008M Leslie.

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Presentation on theme: "Basic information about the research paper & Choosing a topic 9810004M Lydia 9810008M Leslie."— Presentation transcript:

1 Basic information about the research paper & Choosing a topic M Lydia M Leslie

2 Outline  1. Reasons for the research paper  2. Definition of the research paper  3. Format of the research paper  4. It’s compare about Modern Language Association (MLA) and American Psychological Association (APA)  5. The report paper and thesis paper  6. Drafts of the research paper  7. 7distinct steps

3 Reasons for the research paper  Learn deeply about your chosen topic.  Become familiar with the library through learning by doing.  Learn how to organize the writing.  Learn how to use the internet in your research.  Learn how to select the useful information and summarize.

4 Definition of the research paper:  “Research” comes from Middle French word “rechercher”, meaning “to seek out”.  You have to 1.seek out information 2.take a stand on it 3.back it up with the opinions, ideas, and views of others.  About 5-10pages to present your views and findings on the chosen subject.

5 Format of the research paper 1.Chicago Manual of style (CMS): it created by a board of editors. 2. Modern Language Association(MLA): a society of language scholars. 3. American Psychological Association (APA): a society of scientific scholors

6 1.Modern Language Association(MLA): a society of language scholars. Ex:Brashear, William. The Living Will. The Hague: Mouton,1969. ( name of author + title of book or work underlined+ city of publication+ publisher+ year of publication) 2. American Psychological Association (APA): a society of scientific scholars. Ex:Jones, E.(1931). On the nightmare. London:Hogarth ( the name of author +year + title of book italic+ city of publication + publisher) VS

7 The report paper and thesis paper  The report paper: 1.Summarizing and reporting the finding on the particular subject. 2. No judgments and evaluations. Ex: How the Beatles got started as a rock group.  The thesis paper: 1. It takes a definite stand on an issue. 2. It’s a point of view which you are going to against or defend. Ex: The Beatles’ lyrics gave hope to a disenchanted youth during the 1960s and 1970s.

8  Drafts of the research paper: 1.The process of writing is rarely smooth, and seldom predicable 2. It takes at least three drafts before submitting your research paper.  Steps the schedule: Start working on the paper as soon as it is assigned, and once you get started, make the schedule (7distinct steps from books) and stick on it.

9 7distinct steps 1. Select the topic (two acceptable topics) 2. Scan and read the sources. 3. Gather and assemble the information. 4. Draft a thesis statement and express the major idea. 5. Outline the major parts. 6. Write a rough draft of the paper(acknowledge all borrowed ideas, data, and opinions). 7. Write the final draft.

10 Outline 1. How to choose a topic 2. Topics to avoid 3. Narrowing the topic

11 How to choose a topic  Pick a topic you like  Whatever your topic, it must be approved by your instructor.  Go to the library and browse.  Use the library’s online public-access catalog (OPAC) For example: Electronic Theses and Dissertations system

12  Use the encyclopedia  Take your time searching for a topic  Ask questions to find and narrow the topic.  Ask the librarian

13 Topics to avoid  Don’t choosing any old topic  If you have doubts, keep looking until you hit on an idea that excites you.  Topics that are too big:  You find the hundreds of sources in the OPAC ----all indicate a topic that is too big.  Narrow down the topic and make it specific.

14  Topics based on a single source  Choose only topics that are broad enough to be researched from multiple source.  Try to avoid a paper on a person’s life

15  Topics that are too technical  Some of words that are too professional to understand.  Topics that are trivial  A topic is trivial because it’s obvious. For example: Walking is good aerobic exercise.  Topics that are overused  Approach a topic from a new angle.  Topics that are contemporary  It’s difficult to find unbiased sources.  It’s speculating report

16 Narrowing the topic  Use the available resources.  Does the topic an arguable thesis?  Don’t be afraid of experiment before you find a appropriate topic you like.

17 General subject → English Learning strategy on Students’ reading comprehension in Taiwan First Narrowing →The picture book strategy on students’ reading comprehension in Taiwan Second Narrowing →The picture book strategy on Taiwan’s elementary students’ reading comprehension.

18 Thank you for your listening


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