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Let’s Stop Talking about Repositories: Remaking eScholarship as an Open Access Publisher Catherine Mitchell Director, eScholarship Publishing Services.

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Presentation on theme: "Let’s Stop Talking about Repositories: Remaking eScholarship as an Open Access Publisher Catherine Mitchell Director, eScholarship Publishing Services."— Presentation transcript:

1 Let’s Stop Talking about Repositories: Remaking eScholarship as an Open Access Publisher Catherine Mitchell Director, eScholarship Publishing Services California Digital Library University of California. Coalition for Networked Information December 14-15, 2009

2 The problem of the derelict repository “ Library-run institutional repositories face a crossroads: adapt or die. The ‘build it and they will come’ proposition has been decisively proven wrong. Citation advantage and preservation have not attracted faculty participants, though current- generation software and services offer faculty little else. Academic librarianship has not supported repositories or their managers. Most libraries consistently under-resource and understaff repositories, further worsening the participation gap. Software and services have been wildly out of touch with faculty needs and the realities of repository management.” Salo, Dorothea. "Innkeeper at the Roach Motel." Library Trends 57:2 (Fall 2008)

3 eScholarship by the numbers >30,000 publications >9 million full-text downloads

4 Success! Named in top 10 Institutional Repositories 2009 Ranking Web of World Repositories, an initiative of the Cybermetrics Lab, a research group belonging to the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), the largest public research body in Spain.

5 Success! Operational and subsidized since 2002 Development of eScholarship led to the creation of the Digital Commons platform Submissions continue to come in, despite no deposit mandate and little or no marketing effort Frequent requests to share best practices

6 Cumulative Increase in Papers Posted, July 2006 to December 2008

7 Success? RepositoryObjects eScholarship>30,000 UC publications/year>26,000 ArXiv576,095 PubMed Central (citations)19,000,000

8 New measures… It’s not about numeric success anymore. It’s about value. But what is eScholarship’s value proposition?

9 Data gathering – faculty survey Few understood the term open access Fewer seemed to understand or feel comfortable with the term repository Virtually no one had heard of eScholarship Office of Scholarly Communication’s report, Faculty Attitudes and Behaviors Regarding Scholarly Communication, August 2007

10 More data gathering: SLASIAC task force Systemwide Library and Scholarly Information Advisory Committee (SLASIAC) task force charged to explore the following: Potential coordination among publishing programs as a means of disseminating scholarship more efficiently. Methods for publishing nontraditional forms of scholarship Research priorities likely to generate opportunities for new publishing programs.

11 More data gathering – SLASIAC* task force “The University faces continuing erosion of its ability to purchase the resources necessary to support its research and teaching enterprise and should take a direct approach to combating the problem. The University should play a greater role in publishing scholarly work…” “Publishing Needs and Opportunities at the University of California,” Systemwide Library and Scholarly Information Advisory CommitteeTask Force (2007)

12 And what scholarly work needs publication support at UC? Support for: Campus-based journal and monographic publishing programs Multimedia publications Data sets Conferences Non-traditional publications (Plus validation of all the above as legitimate academic publishing activities, worthy of consideration in of tenure/promotion review)

13 In other words… Needs = Value

14 A sea change Reorient services away from the repository, away from asking faculty to have an ideological stake in our repository, in copyright reform, in open access Focus instead on providing a targeted and compelling publishing services infrastructure for our institutional constituents where and when they need them. Learn to talk about these services in a way that resonates with users, speaks to their needs.

15 IR deposit: a by-product of services rendered, rather than an end in itself.

16 No longer an IR – but what? eScholarship provides open access, scholarly publishing services to the University of California and supports a dynamic research platform for scholars worldwide.

17 No longer an IR – but what? Journals Books Conference proceedings Working papers Seminar/Paper series ETDs (coming soon) (eScholarship also continues to provide deposit and dissemination services for previously published articles or “postprints.”)

18 What are the stakes? eScholarship’s publishing services and research tools enable departments, research units, publishing programs, and individual scholars associated with the University of California to have direct control over the creation and dissemination of the full range of their scholarship.

19 Why should faculty care? Digital publication of original scholarship Digital dissemination of previously published materials Google optimization for enhanced discoverability Increased citation rates Significant reduction in time to publication Author retention of copyright Clear institutional affiliation and context Perpetual access and preservation services Full-text search and display Manuscript and peer-review management systems Comprehensive usage data Free setup, training, and publishing support

20 Why should faculty care? (distilled) Keep your copyright Reach more readers Publish when you want to Protect your work's future...all with no fees

21 Respond to cultural differences among disciplines Address the incentives/risks for ladder rank faculty at different career stages Consider the unique challenges around interdisciplinary/disciplinary formation Articulate value as it is defined by audience Customizing the Message

22 Target audiences Content creators: Non-tenured faculty Tenured faculty Tenured faculty nearing retirement… Librarians: Scholarly communications officers Subject specialist librarians… UC Administration: ULs, deans, and other campus administrators UCOP administrators and budgetary decision makers…

23 In tandem: eScholarship site redesign Emphasize services, not policy Contextualization of content: engaging with problems of authority and legitimacy Enhance research tools and publication display Remain true to our development philosophy of simplicity, generalizability and scalablity

24 eScholarship interface technology Bepress – backend workflow OAI interface harvest eXtensible Text Framework (XTF) indexing and display application

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29 Rebranding/Relaunching Press releases In-person presentations and individual meetings throughout the system, timed with International Open Access week events. Print collateral, designed to prioritize the personal/professional advantages of eScholarship publishing. Video: Detailed FAQ distributed to all librarians throughout the system.

30 And it’s working! Journals Research Units (Since October 19, 2009)

31 UC Publishing Services (UCPubS) extends the publishing capacity of the University of California by providing a customizable suite of open access digital and print publications services to UC centers, departments, and institutes that produce scholarly books. UCPubS - Opportunity for integration with UC Press

32 Beta clients The Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley California Academic Partnership Program (CAPP) The Earl Warren Institute of Race, Ethnicity, and Diversity, UC Berkeley School of Law The Townsend Center for the Humanities, UC Berkeley Global, Area, and International Archive (GAIA) Higher Education Research Institute at UCLA Regional History Project at the University Library, UC Santa Cruz UCLA Graduate Student Association

33 UC Press: associative legitimacy as a service provider; new business models eScholarship: associative legitimacy as a publisher; visibility Incentives?

34 Value, once again: University as Publisher By coordinating the publishing efforts of UC Press, the California Digital Library’s eScholarship program, and publishing partners throughout the UC system, UCPubS provides a sustainable publishing model that extends the University’s capacity to disseminate its scholarship to the world.

35 Final thoughts: IR to publisher – the challenges Skills gaps – learning to be a publisher Customer service – custom/template Finding ways to combine open access services with sustainable revenue models Defining our role in relation to our University Press

36 Catherine Mitchell Director, Publishing Group California Digital Library


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